By: Maria Vassilakis History 141 Professor ArguelloDecember 15, 2011
Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. Cuba consists of it’s main land, Isla de la Juventud and then several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and is their nation’s capital. To the north of Cuba is the US, the Bahamas, and Mexico to the west. Cuba is home to over 11 million people and is the most populous island in the Caribbean. Cuba has a 99.8% literacy rate and an infant death rate lower than some developed countries.
In 1942, Christopher Columbus landed Fidel Castro and people in Cuba. He claimed the island the new Kingdom of Spain. of the East. From 1868, Independence form Spain was their motive. Finally on May 20, 1902, Cuba gained it’s independence from the US, as the “Republic of Cuba.” “Cuba had Latin Americas highest per capita consumption rates of meat, vegetables, cereals, automobiles, telephones and radios, though this consumption was largely by the small elite class and foreigners.” In 1952, Fidel Castro entered Cuba with all of his forces. He was a communist and the Cuban government turned for the worst. He had a long rule and finally in 2008, Castro announced his resignation as President of Cuba.
Cuba jets out to the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. It is the 16th largest island in the world by land area. The land consists of mostly flat to rolling plains from the Sierra Maestra mountains. The local climate is tropical and has a drier season from November to April. Cuba is prone to hurricanes because it is right at the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico.
According to the 2002 census, the population of Cuba was 11,177,743. Cuba consists of mixed races such as, whites, blacks, and mulattoes and has a vast variety of mixed intermarriages. People of African decent is said to consist of about 60% of the population. Immigration and emigration is said to have played a part in the demographic of Cuba in the 20th century. The language of Cuba is Spanish. Haitian Creole is the second largest language in Cuba.