Goal-Setting and
Task Analysis
Fall 2012 ASPSA Learning Services
Bradley Bethel
August 12, 2013
Objectives
•
•
•
•

Discuss the meaning of and reasons for goal-setting.
Define the characteristics of effective goals.
Ex...
Source
Dembo, M. H. & Seli, H. (2013). Motivation and learning
strategies for college success: A focus on selfregulated le...
Why goals?
• What defines a goal?
• What does it mean to set goals?
• Why set goals?
Goal-Setting: The What’s
and Why’s
What are goals?
• A goal is whatever a person is trying to accomplish.
• Goal-setting is the process of establishing a
sta...
Why set goals?
• People who set goals generally outperform those
who do not set goals.
• In other words, one is more likel...
A goal without a plan is just
a dream.
Types of Goals
Daily Tasks/Goals
Intermediate
Goals
Long-range
Goals
Types of Goals,Cont.
• “Long-range goals describe what you want to
accomplish. Intermediate goals and daily tasks
show you...
Effective Goals
Goal Properties
• Specificity: set clear performance standards
• Proximity: the extent to which goal extend into the
futur...
SMART Goals
• Specific: describes what one hopes to accomplish
with as much detail as possible
• Measurable: describes the...
The Goal-Setting Process
Steps to Setting Goals
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify and define the goal.
Generate and evaluate alternative plans.
Make an impl...
Goal-Setting and Task
Analysis Tools
• Assignment Analysis Tool
• Test Analysis Tool
• Goal-Setting Tool
Conclusion
During this workshop, we accomplished the following
objectives:
• Discuss the meaning of and reasons for goal-s...
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Goal Setting and Task Analysis

  1. 1. Goal-Setting and Task Analysis Fall 2012 ASPSA Learning Services Bradley Bethel August 12, 2013
  2. 2. Objectives • • • • Discuss the meaning of and reasons for goal-setting. Define the characteristics of effective goals. Explain the steps of effective goal-setting. Analyze, evaluate, and improve several tools for helping students set goals and analyze tasks.
  3. 3. Source Dembo, M. H. & Seli, H. (2013). Motivation and learning strategies for college success: A focus on selfregulated learning (4th ed.). New York: Routledge.
  4. 4. Why goals? • What defines a goal? • What does it mean to set goals? • Why set goals?
  5. 5. Goal-Setting: The What’s and Why’s
  6. 6. What are goals? • A goal is whatever a person is trying to accomplish. • Goal-setting is the process of establishing a standard of accomplishment or performance.
  7. 7. Why set goals? • People who set goals generally outperform those who do not set goals. • In other words, one is more likely to perform well when he or she sets goals. • As a planning process, goal-setting adds meaning to people’s lives and sets up positive expectations. • Goal-setting may also counteract boredom and apathy for a task by providing a sense of challenge and purpose.
  8. 8. A goal without a plan is just a dream.
  9. 9. Types of Goals Daily Tasks/Goals Intermediate Goals Long-range Goals
  10. 10. Types of Goals,Cont. • “Long-range goals describe what you want to accomplish. Intermediate goals and daily tasks show you how to do it.” • Long-range goals refer to goals to be met more than a year in the future. • Intermediate goals refer to goals to be met from a week to a year in the future. • Daily tasks are, well, self-explanatory.
  11. 11. Effective Goals
  12. 12. Goal Properties • Specificity: set clear performance standards • Proximity: the extent to which goal extend into the future • Difficulty: the level of effort required to accomplish the goal
  13. 13. SMART Goals • Specific: describes what one hopes to accomplish with as much detail as possible • Measurable: describes the goal in terms that can be clearly evaluated • Action-oriented: identifies a goal that focuses on actions rather than personal qualities • Realistic: identifies a goal that is actually attainable • Timely: identifies a goal that breaks a longer-term goal into shorter-term goal(s) and specifies a completion date
  14. 14. The Goal-Setting Process
  15. 15. Steps to Setting Goals 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Identify and define the goal. Generate and evaluate alternative plans. Make an implementation plan. Implement the plan. Evaluate progress.
  16. 16. Goal-Setting and Task Analysis Tools • Assignment Analysis Tool • Test Analysis Tool • Goal-Setting Tool
  17. 17. Conclusion During this workshop, we accomplished the following objectives: • Discuss the meaning of and reasons for goal-setting. • Define the characteristics of effective goals. • Explain the steps of effective goal-setting. • Analyze, evaluate, and improve several tools for helping students set goals and analyze tasks.

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