The Revolutions Revolution:When the people rise upagainst something theyall agree is bad and they change it.
Magna Carta• The Magna was written in June, 1216, for England.• The Magna Carta limited the power of the monarchies by making the Rule of Law higher than the monarchies.• The Magna Carta was a Rule of Law because nobody was above it.
Glorious Revolution • The Glorious Revolutions took place in England • William The III took over King James II • The Magna Carta changed the power of kings forever.
The English Bill of Rights• The English Bill of Rights was written in 1689• The English Bill ofRights limited the power of the Monarch. It made it so that the Parliament was more powerful than the Monarch and somewhat created a Rule of Law.
The Enlightenment• The Enlightenment was a movement in Europe that changed the way people thought. It made people think more reasonably made reasoning important.• It took place in the 18th century, and was important because it improved the way social institutions and people thought by using reason.
Charles-LouisMontesquieu • Charles - Louis Montesquieu came from France and was probably best known for being a political guy that came up with the idea of separation of powers.
John Locke • John Locke was from England, lived 1632-1704. • Natural rights are rights that we are born with, naturally. This is stuff that no one can take away, like right to defend ourselves/property, etc.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau • Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Switzerland, lived 1712-1778. • Rousseau came up with the social contract as a way to work around the problems in society, and helped inspire political reforms. • “Man is born free, and every where he is in chains”
Thomas Jefferson • Thomas Jefferson was from Virginia, USA, and was most famous for writing a Declaration of Independence. • He changed “property” to “pursuit of happiness” because he was pressured to and because slaves were not necessarily allowed to own property, but allowed to pursue happiness.