The 5 E Instructional Model A Framework for Inquiry-Based Instruction
Science ContentConcepts Process Skillsof Science of Science Observing Communicating Classifying Measuring Relating objects in space & time Predicting Inferring Controlling variables Defining operationally Experimenting
Science Process Skills Observing Communicating Classifying Measuring Relating objects in space & time Predicting Inferring Controlling variables Defining operationally Experimenting
Engage Activity which will Demonstration focus student’s Reading attention, stimulate Free Write their thinking, and access prior Analyze a Graphic knowledge. Organizer KWLStudent asks questions such as,Why did this happen? BrainstormingWhat do I already know about this?What have I found out about this?Shows interest in the topic.
Explore Activity which gives Perform an students time to think Investigation and Read Authentic investigate/test/make Resources to Collect decisions/problem Information solve, and collect Solve a Problem information. Construct a Model
Explain Activity which allows Student Analysis & students to analyze Explanation their exploration. Supporting Ideas with Evidence Student’s understanding is Structured Questioning clarified and modified Reading and Discussion through a reflective Teacher Explanation activity. Thinking Skill Activities: compare, classify, error analysis
Elaborate Activity which Problem Solving expands and solidifies Decision Making student thinking Experimental Inquiry and/or applies it to a real-world situation. Thinking Skill Activities: compare, classify, apply
Evaluate Activity which allows Any of the Previous the teacher to assess Activities student performance Develop a Scoring and/or Tool or Rubric understandings of Performance concepts, skills, Assessment processes, and applications. Produce a Product Journal Entry Portfolio
Types of Questions Attention Focusing: Have you seen? Do you notice? Measuring & Counting: How many? How long? Comparison (for sharper observation): In how many ways are your seeds alike and how do they differ? Action: What happens if… you place your pill bug in damp sand? …you pinch the seedleaves off a young plant? Problem-posing (more sophisticated, follows exploration & understanding, not a good first question): Can you find a way to… make your plant grow sideways? Can you separate salt from water? Can you make a sinking object float?
Attention-focusing questions Have you seen? Do you notice? Engage Measuring & Counting and Comparison Questions How many? How long? Evaluate Explore In how many ways? 5 E’s Action & Science Lesson Problem- Solving Question s What happens if… Elaborate ExplainCan you find a way to…
References Montgomery Public Schools Harlen, W. (1985) Primary Science: Taking the Plunge Trowbridge, L. W., Bybee, R. W., & Powell, J. C. (2000). Teaching secondary school science: Strategies for developing scientific literacy