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Art Appreciation<br />Chapter 8<br />Prints<br />
4 basic methods<br />Relief<br />Intaglio<br />Lithography<br />Screenprinting<br />
What is a print?<br />Courtesy of moma<br />http://www.moma.org/interactives/projects/2001/whatisaprint/print.html<br />
websites<br />Colored woodblock prints in the japanese style<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dliF74ojOho<br />4 color ...
Relief<br />The background image is cut away<br />The raised areas hold ink <br />
Preface to Diamond Sutra, 868, woodblock handscroll, the earliest surviving woodcut image<br />
Durer, Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1497-98, woodcut<br />
Odawara-juku in the 1830s, as depicted by Hiroshige in his series The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō.<br />
Hiroshige and Van Gogh<br />
Clear Weather After Snow at Kameyama<br />
The Lake at Hakone<br />
FukagawaSusaki and Jūmantsubo<br />
Edvard Munch<br />http://romanjaster.com/edvard-munch/gallery/wood/index.htm<br />
Edvard Munch, woodcut<br />
Mondschein II (Moonlight II), Edvard Munch, 1902, Woodcut<br />
Melancholy, Edvard Munch, 1896, Woodcut<br />
Vampire, Edvard Munch, 1895-1902,Woodcut<br />
Tower of Babel, M.C. Escher, 1928, woodcut<br />
Snakes, M.C. Escher, 1969, woodcuthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cEQcuIRROzM<br />
Wood engraving<br />Uses the end grain of the board<br />Uses harder wood<br />More highly detailed<br />Quick video showi...
Thomas Bewick, Barn Owl, 1847, wood engraving <br />
Grace Thurston Arnold Albee, The Boyer Place, 1946, wood engraving<br />
Still Life with Glass Under the Lamp, Pablo Picasso, 1962, linocut<br />
Chuck Close, S.P. II, 1997, linocut<br />
intaglio<br />Refers to 5 techniques<br />Engraving<br />Drypoint<br />Mezzotint<br />Etching<br />Aquatint<br />Opposite ...
Intaglio demo<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SNKn4PORGBI<br />MC Escher Mezzotint<br />http://www.mcescher.com/Film/E...
engraving<br />Began from the practice of incising designs into armor<br />A sharp V-shaped tool called a burin is used to...
The Judgement of Paris after Raphael, Raimondi, 1514-18, engraving<br />
St Jerome in his Study, Durer, 1514, engraving<br />
drypoint<br />Similar to etching, except it uses a sharp pointed drypoint needle instead of a V-shaped burin<br />The arti...
drypoint<br />
Woman in Cafe, Lesser Ury, 1919-21, showing the typical rich blurred line of drypoint.<br />
Hard Climb, Louise Bourgeois, 1946-47, burin and drypoint<br />
Edvard Munch, The Women, 1895,Drypoint on paper<br />
mezzotint<br />This is a reverse process, working from dark to light<br />First the entire metal plate is roughened using ...
The Jolly Flat Boat Men after George Caleb), Thomas Doney, 1847, mezzotint<br />
Eye, Escher, 1946, Mezzotinthttp://www.mcescher.com/Film/Eschermezotintprint.mpg<br />
Etching<br />The entire plate is covered with a ground, like beeswax or asphalt<br />The artist draws through the ground o...
etching<br />
Christ Preaching, Rembrandt, c. 1652, etching<br />
aquatint<br />Different in that it does not print lines but rather  areas of tone<br />It is good for creating value chang...
Goya, Hasta la Muetre(until death),aquatint and etching<br />
Goya, 1797-98, etching and aquatint,No 52: ¡Lo que puede un sastre!<br />
Woman Bathing, Mary Cassatt, 1891, drypoint and aquatint<br />
midpoint<br />
lithography<br />Much different that intaglio, it is a planographic process<br />Lithography artists draw onto smooth lime...
Lithography stone with it mirror image,map of Munich<br />
Death and the Mother, Kathe Kollwitz, 1934, lithograph<br />
The Seated Clowness, Henri de Toulouse-Letrec, color lithograph<br />
La Goulue, Toulouse-Lautrec, lithograph poster,use multiple stones to reproduce images in color<br />
Alphonse Mucha, Fruit, 1897, lithogrph<br />
Nestle’s Food for Infants, Mucha, lithograph, 1897<br />
Dance, Mucha, 1898, lithograph<br />
Still Life with Spherical Mirror, Escher, 1934, lithograph<br />
Reptiles, Escher, 1943, lithograph<br />
Three Worlds, Escher, 1955, lithograph<br />
Hand with Reflecting Sphere,Escher, 1935, lithograph <br />
Edvard Munch, self-portrait, lithograph<br />
Edvard Munch, Madonna, 1895-1902Lithograph<br />
Screenprinting<br />The artist uses a screen<br />Traditionally silk<br />Silkscreen<br />Serigraphy<br />They block out c...
Untitled from Maryilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol, 1967, screenprint<br />
Self-portrait, Andy Warhol, 1966, silkscreen on 9 canvases<br />
Retroactive I, Robert Rauschenberg, 1964, oil and silkscreen on canvas<br />
What Appropriation Has Given Me, Chagoya, 1992, serigraph<br />
GumiringGarkman, Lin Onis, 1994,Screenprint on Paper<br />
Goonya Na Bilda, Lin Onus, 1994,Screenprint on paper,<br />
Monotype &Monoprint<br />Monotype <br />uses ink on a simple featureless surface (can be copper plate or acrylic glass, ec...
Bastille Day, Prendergast, 1892, monotype in oil colors<br />
End of chapter 8<br />
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Art apprec ch8

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Art apprec ch8

  1. 1. Art Appreciation<br />Chapter 8<br />Prints<br />
  2. 2. 4 basic methods<br />Relief<br />Intaglio<br />Lithography<br />Screenprinting<br />
  3. 3. What is a print?<br />Courtesy of moma<br />http://www.moma.org/interactives/projects/2001/whatisaprint/print.html<br />
  4. 4. websites<br />Colored woodblock prints in the japanese style<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dliF74ojOho<br />4 color woodblock print, a stamping method<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ej0D_qxBd2w<br />The best video, 3 color reduction process (with Bridget Mary Henry)<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qSoRnKXpjU0<br />MC Escher, doing his woodblock print of Snakes<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cEQcuIRROzM<br />
  5. 5. Relief<br />The background image is cut away<br />The raised areas hold ink <br />
  6. 6. Preface to Diamond Sutra, 868, woodblock handscroll, the earliest surviving woodcut image<br />
  7. 7. Durer, Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1497-98, woodcut<br />
  8. 8. Odawara-juku in the 1830s, as depicted by Hiroshige in his series The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō.<br />
  9. 9. Hiroshige and Van Gogh<br />
  10. 10. Clear Weather After Snow at Kameyama<br />
  11. 11. The Lake at Hakone<br />
  12. 12. FukagawaSusaki and Jūmantsubo<br />
  13. 13. Edvard Munch<br />http://romanjaster.com/edvard-munch/gallery/wood/index.htm<br />
  14. 14. Edvard Munch, woodcut<br />
  15. 15. Mondschein II (Moonlight II), Edvard Munch, 1902, Woodcut<br />
  16. 16. Melancholy, Edvard Munch, 1896, Woodcut<br />
  17. 17. Vampire, Edvard Munch, 1895-1902,Woodcut<br />
  18. 18. Tower of Babel, M.C. Escher, 1928, woodcut<br />
  19. 19. Snakes, M.C. Escher, 1969, woodcuthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cEQcuIRROzM<br />
  20. 20. Wood engraving<br />Uses the end grain of the board<br />Uses harder wood<br />More highly detailed<br />Quick video showing fine detail<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzZ26udfPs0&feature=player_embedded<br />
  21. 21. Thomas Bewick, Barn Owl, 1847, wood engraving <br />
  22. 22. Grace Thurston Arnold Albee, The Boyer Place, 1946, wood engraving<br />
  23. 23. Still Life with Glass Under the Lamp, Pablo Picasso, 1962, linocut<br />
  24. 24. Chuck Close, S.P. II, 1997, linocut<br />
  25. 25. intaglio<br />Refers to 5 techniques<br />Engraving<br />Drypoint<br />Mezzotint<br />Etching<br />Aquatint<br />Opposite of relief, the ink goes into the grooves on the surface.<br />Artist makes lines or grooves into a metal plate using a sharp tool or acid<br />The entire surface is inked and then the plate is wiped clean<br />The paper is used damp and then pressed onto the plate under pressure<br />
  26. 26. Intaglio demo<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SNKn4PORGBI<br />MC Escher Mezzotint<br />http://www.mcescher.com/Film/Eschermezotintprint.mpg<br />Lithography demo<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHw5_1Hopsc<br />Screenprinting demo<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wogKeYH2wEE<br />
  27. 27. engraving<br />Began from the practice of incising designs into armor<br />A sharp V-shaped tool called a burin is used to cut lines into a metal plate<br />Shallow cuts make a light, thin line and deeper gouges make a darker, thicker line<br />The result is similar to drawing<br />Engravings were a popular way of making reproductions of major paintings<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. The Judgement of Paris after Raphael, Raimondi, 1514-18, engraving<br />
  30. 30. St Jerome in his Study, Durer, 1514, engraving<br />
  31. 31. drypoint<br />Similar to etching, except it uses a sharp pointed drypoint needle instead of a V-shaped burin<br />The artist draws on the metal plate similar to drawing on paper<br />
  32. 32. drypoint<br />
  33. 33. Woman in Cafe, Lesser Ury, 1919-21, showing the typical rich blurred line of drypoint.<br />
  34. 34. Hard Climb, Louise Bourgeois, 1946-47, burin and drypoint<br />
  35. 35. Edvard Munch, The Women, 1895,Drypoint on paper<br />
  36. 36. mezzotint<br />This is a reverse process, working from dark to light<br />First the entire metal plate is roughened using a sharp tool called a rocker<br />The entire plate would make a black print at this point because the burrs hold the ink<br />The artist uses a burnisher (a smoothing tool) to smooth and rub out areas to create lighter values.<br />In the lightest areas, the burrs are smoothed out entirely<br />
  37. 37. The Jolly Flat Boat Men after George Caleb), Thomas Doney, 1847, mezzotint<br />
  38. 38. Eye, Escher, 1946, Mezzotinthttp://www.mcescher.com/Film/Eschermezotintprint.mpg<br />
  39. 39. Etching<br />The entire plate is covered with a ground, like beeswax or asphalt<br />The artist draws through the ground on the plate using an etching needle<br />The entire plate is dipped into acid<br />Acid eats away the lines<br />The ground is removed<br />The plate is inked and printed <br />
  40. 40. etching<br />
  41. 41. Christ Preaching, Rembrandt, c. 1652, etching<br />
  42. 42. aquatint<br />Different in that it does not print lines but rather areas of tone<br />It is good for creating value changes<br />Most often used with another technique<br />The artist dusts the plate with powder resin in various thicknesses, then heats the plate to make the resin stick<br />Plate is dipped into acid<br />
  43. 43. Goya, Hasta la Muetre(until death),aquatint and etching<br />
  44. 44. Goya, 1797-98, etching and aquatint,No 52: ¡Lo que puede un sastre!<br />
  45. 45. Woman Bathing, Mary Cassatt, 1891, drypoint and aquatint<br />
  46. 46. midpoint<br />
  47. 47. lithography<br />Much different that intaglio, it is a planographic process<br />Lithography artists draw onto smooth limestone surface using a greasy material<br />Lithographic crayon<br />Tusche, a greasy ink<br />It works based on the idea that oil and water do not mix<br />The stone is treated with acid to fix the drawing in place<br />Then it is damped with water, the water goes to areas without grease<br />The stone is inked and the ink sticks to the grease and is repelled by the watery areas<br />Lithographs are often mistaken for drawings<br />
  48. 48. Lithography stone with it mirror image,map of Munich<br />
  49. 49. Death and the Mother, Kathe Kollwitz, 1934, lithograph<br />
  50. 50. The Seated Clowness, Henri de Toulouse-Letrec, color lithograph<br />
  51. 51. La Goulue, Toulouse-Lautrec, lithograph poster,use multiple stones to reproduce images in color<br />
  52. 52. Alphonse Mucha, Fruit, 1897, lithogrph<br />
  53. 53. Nestle’s Food for Infants, Mucha, lithograph, 1897<br />
  54. 54. Dance, Mucha, 1898, lithograph<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Still Life with Spherical Mirror, Escher, 1934, lithograph<br />
  57. 57. Reptiles, Escher, 1943, lithograph<br />
  58. 58. Three Worlds, Escher, 1955, lithograph<br />
  59. 59. Hand with Reflecting Sphere,Escher, 1935, lithograph <br />
  60. 60. Edvard Munch, self-portrait, lithograph<br />
  61. 61. Edvard Munch, Madonna, 1895-1902Lithograph<br />
  62. 62. Screenprinting<br />The artist uses a screen<br />Traditionally silk<br />Silkscreen<br />Serigraphy<br />They block out certain areas that are not meant to be printed<br />Using various methods and materials<br />Place the screen over paper and force ink thru the screen using a squegee<br />To use multiple colors, a screen is prepared for each color and the paper is registered for each printing<br />
  63. 63. Untitled from Maryilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol, 1967, screenprint<br />
  64. 64. Self-portrait, Andy Warhol, 1966, silkscreen on 9 canvases<br />
  65. 65. Retroactive I, Robert Rauschenberg, 1964, oil and silkscreen on canvas<br />
  66. 66. What Appropriation Has Given Me, Chagoya, 1992, serigraph<br />
  67. 67. GumiringGarkman, Lin Onis, 1994,Screenprint on Paper<br />
  68. 68. Goonya Na Bilda, Lin Onus, 1994,Screenprint on paper,<br />
  69. 69. Monotype &Monoprint<br />Monotype <br />uses ink on a simple featureless surface (can be copper plate or acrylic glass, ect) then transferred onto paper or canvas<br />plates are re-inked every time resulting in unique individual prints<br />Monoprint<br />Uses ink on a plate with permanent markings on it such as texture or incised lines<br />Plates are re-inked with each print, resulting in a unique coloring with a common theme <br />A second print is sometimes called a ghost print<br />
  70. 70. Bastille Day, Prendergast, 1892, monotype in oil colors<br />
  71. 71. End of chapter 8<br />

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