1 4 Colonial America


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1 4 Colonial America

  1. 1. Colonial America
  2. 2. European Settlers - Motives <ul><li>God (convert natives to Christianity), Glory (acquire territory) and Gold (riches) </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Freedom </li></ul>
  3. 3. European Settlers - Motives <ul><li>Mercantilism (increase national wealth) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother country (Europe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies (America, Asia and Africa) – provide raw materials and buy goods from mother country </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. European Settlers - Strategies <ul><li>Government pays (ex. Spain’ king and queen paid for Columbus's voyage) </li></ul>
  5. 5. European Settlers - Strategies <ul><li>Joint Stock Company – Unique to England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investors buy stock in a company that is going to start a colony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the colony is successful the investors make a profit </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. European Settlers – Interactions and Impacts with Natives <ul><li>Traded with natives </li></ul><ul><li>Westernize natives (ex. Convert to </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity) </li></ul>
  7. 7. European Settlers – Interactions and Impacts with Natives <ul><li>Disease (small pox) killed thousands of natives </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed natives off of their land and forced them to move Westward </li></ul>Must Know
  8. 8. The Spanish <ul><li>Gain land and riches </li></ul><ul><li>Gain converts (Catholic) </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered and destroyed native cultures (Encomeinda system) </li></ul>
  9. 9. The French <ul><li>Fishing, Fur Trapping </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for the Northwest Passage </li></ul><ul><li>Gain converts (Catholic) </li></ul><ul><li>Traded w/ natives (partners) </li></ul><ul><li>Married Native American women </li></ul>
  10. 10. The English <ul><li>Commercial ventures ($) </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Stock Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Religious freedom (Protestants) </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly at first – later fought natives for land </li></ul>Must Know
  11. 11. Jamestown <ul><li>Jamestown started as a Joint-Stock company, but it was poorly managed and later a Royal Colony (controlled by the king) </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown was founded in 1607 </li></ul>Must Know Must Know
  12. 12. Jamestown <ul><li>Settled by Jewelers, Goldsmiths, “gentleman” and 4 laborers </li></ul><ul><li>Most settlers went to earn a profit. They expected to find gold, like the Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>John Smith became the leader </li></ul>
  13. 13. Jamestown <ul><li>Jamestown nearly failed due to lack of supplies, poor weather and poor location 60 miles up the James River in a swampy area (Defense). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Jamestown <ul><li>Their neighbors were the Powhattan Indians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pocahontas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The English mistreated the Indians and used force to get what they wanted. This angered the Indians who refused to help the settlers </li></ul>
  15. 15. What saved Jamestown? <ul><li>Tobacco was grown and the colony began to make a profit. Brought more settlers and $ </li></ul>Must Know
  16. 16. New England <ul><li>Pilgrims (1620) were religious dissenters who wanted to separate from the Church of England. They faced fines, imprisonment or death in England for practicing their religion </li></ul><ul><li>Came for Religious Freedom </li></ul>
  17. 17. New England <ul><li>The Pilgrims were headed for Virginia, but were blown off course in a storm, and ended up in Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Created the Mayflower Compact – a document that says the government gets its power from the people </li></ul>Must Know Must Know
  18. 18. New England <ul><li>Puritans (1630) also sought religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to create Cities on a hill – religious cities that would serve as a model for others </li></ul><ul><li>Covenant Communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>intolerant of dissent </li></ul></ul>Must Know Must Know
  19. 19. New England <ul><li>Puritans were governed by the male members of the church </li></ul><ul><li>Town meetings – discussions about church rules that eventually became legislative assemblies </li></ul>Must Know