Brief changing face of india


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Brief changing face of india

  1. 1. 7KH changing “ PPP has been a success in India but it is a mistaken notion to assume there is a one-size- Õlk%Ydd HHH eg]d ”F ew countries are under as much To cope with this problem, the Indian urban pressure as India. Propelled Government is poised to launch the by strong economic growth, the US$40b second phase of its urban renewalcountry has seen huge numbers of its plan within the next couple of months.population forsake rural areas in favor of The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urbanits towns and cities. Its urban population Renewal Mission (phase II) will be carriednow numbers more than 400 million — gml gn]j l`] f]pl Õn] q]Yjk lg kmhhgjlup from 285 million in 2001 — and is infrastructure development in India’s 28projected to rise to 700 million in 2020. states and will be deployed in addition Similarly, the number of towns has to the plans of individual state. “Theincreased from 5,161 in 2001 to 8,000 [`Ydd]f_] ak fgl gfdq lg Zja_] l`] ]Õ[alin 2011 — an increase of 55%. Cities, too, but also to build for the future,” he says.are rapidly expanding. There are currently “Our vision is to facilitate the creation of55 cities with a population of more than ][gfgea[Yddq naZjYfl$ af[dmkan]$ ]^Õ[a]flone million and this is likely to be close and sustainable urban centers.” Indiato 70 cities in the next decade. There will `Yk kh]fl f]Yjdq MK)-Z gf l`] Õjklalso be six megacities with a population phase, which was launched in Decemberof 10 million — more than in the whole 2005, and there have been some notableof Europe. successes — particularly the development Urban population of of metro systems in Delhi, Mumbai, 285 million in 2001Mind the gap Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Jaipur.Small wonder, then, that Urban The Minister believes that IndianDevelopment Minister Kamal Nath is dYf f]]k lg Z] mk] egj] ]^Õ[a]fldqfocusing on delivering the infrastructure in the years ahead. “We are working tonecessary to cope with these sweeping formulate land use plans with town anddemographic shifts. city planners,” he says. “If you take the “Although only 31% of India is population, and divide with the availableurbanized, we have the second-largest land area, it is one of the most denseurban population in the world,” he says. 5,161 towns in 2001 countries in the world. Take away the“But, as India grows, the growth has mountains, the forests, the deserts, thepreceded infrastructure. We have a huge rivers and the lakes from the Indian landaf^jYkljm[lmj] ]Õ[al Yf o] f]] lg mass, and the density of land populationZja_] l`ak ]Õ[al Yk al j]eYafk Y `m_] will be very high. So we have to look atchallenge.” This challenge is crystallized egj] ]^Õ[a]fl mk] g^ dYf$ oal` kljYl]_a[by the too-familiar sight of slums and management for land assets.”homelessness in many Indian cities — thedirect result of too many people movingto urban areas unable to cope with suchYf afÖmp
  2. 2. Conversation | The changing face of India face RI ,QGLD India is on the move. Its surging economy has triggered an urban expansion that is seeing new towns and cities emerge across the country. For Urban Development Minister Kamal Nath, the focus now is ensuring that India has the infrastructure The role of the to transform themselves to remain as engines of the global economy. New needed to cope with this private sector economic architecture will be needed for While much of the impetus for this urban their future.” transformational change Certainly, the fundamentals that transformation comes from government — both national and state — it is clear that make India attractive to investors remain the private sector also has an important intact. The high potential of the domestic role to play, particularly in light of a market, driven by an emerging middle growth rate that has recently slowed to class, cost competitiveness and a huge 5.3%. Although such an expansion would pool of talent continue to make India be eagerly welcomed by many countries, one of the most preferred destinations it represents the lowest in seven years for foreign investment. This underlying ^gj AfaY È Yf Y ka_faÕ[Yfl kdgogof strength will help Nath’s drive to deliver from the double-digit pace of growth that a number of investment-based models ofMind the gap occurred between 2004 and 2008. private public partnerships (PPP) that can Minister Nath, however, is keen to play implement the massive projects. “PPP has down any concerns. “India has become too been a success in India but it is a mistaken used to a boom,” he says. “So whenever fglagf lg Ykkme] l`]j] ak Y gf]%kar]%Õlk% it’s not a boom, people think gloom. But all model,” he says. “We are appraising Urban population of more all the macroeconomic indicators are very various PPP models and would like to than 400 million in 2011 good, with growth predicted to be 6.8% get a basket of PPP options to continue next year — which is much more than large-scale development.” most other countries in the world. This There is little doubt that such is a perception problem and it affects all investment is needed. “Economic activity sectors in India. is what attracts people to urban areas,” “The Government has been seeking to says Minister Nath. ”In the next 10 years manage the country’s growth — ensuring 70% of new jobs will be created in ourMind the gap urban areas, and almost 70% of our that it touches all parts of the country and all sections of society. This is because GDP will be generated in urban areas.” growth will not be sustainable unless Irrespective of slowing economic growth, 8,000 towns in 2011 it is inclusive. By contrast, Western India’s towns and cities will be at the countries are looking at the structure forefront of the country’s development in of their economies and how they need the years to come. Citizen Today October 2012 09