Ancient theatre - Theatre I

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Ancient theatre - Theatre I

  1. 1. Ancient Theatre Egyptian, Greek, and Roman
  2. 2. How do we know history happened? Someone thought it was important enough to write down.
  3. 3. First recorded performance Passion Play of Abydos 2500 BCE Ancient Egyptian Myth of Horus Ikhernofret Stela
  4. 4. Greek Theatre City Dionysia - 600 BCE Honored the God Dionysus God of Wine
  5. 5. Dionysian Festival Started as a singing competition between tribes. Tragos - Goat; Ode - Song (literally Goat Song) Eventually evolved toward play performance competition. Mask of Dionysus
  6. 6. Thespis Credited as the first actor. Stepped out the Chorus and began responding to them. As the festival evolved the rules limited the number of actors outside of the chorus.
  7. 7. Three Major Tragedians Sophocles - Theban Plays Aeschylus - Agamemnon, Prometheus Bound, Libation Bearers Euripides - Madea, Trojan Woman, Hippolytus Euripides added intrigue to stories
  8. 8. Greek comedy Made fun of society. Comes much later than tragedy. Aristophanes - The Clouds, The Birds, Lysistrata
  9. 9. Greek Theatre Architecture Usually an outdoor amphitheater.
  10. 10. Aristotle Greek Philospher Poetics - Outlined what makes a good story and in turn what makes a good play. Six elements of Drama - Plot, Character, Theme, Language, Rhythm, Spectacle
  11. 11. Elements of Drama Plot - The events of a story Character - Persons or things involved in those events Theme - Idea the story represents
  12. 12. Elements of Drama Rhythm/Music Language/Diction Spectacle
  13. 13. PaperMan
  14. 14. Roman Theatre Mostly copied the greeks.
  15. 15. Surviving playwrights Terrence - Comic Playwright, Adelphoe(The Brothers) Plautus - Comic Playwright, Manaechmi Seneca - Tragedy, adapted greek tragedies for Roman Audience.
  16. 16. A Roman Culture evolved Rome moved from a Republic to an Emperor As this happened their tastes moved from live theatre toward more violent entertainments Bloodsport, gladiators, and Chariot races.

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