By: Brandi VuPeriod 1: History
 Information, usually officially communicated by thegovernment, that is aimed at large numbers ofpeople to influence the...
 Governments wanted people to take action in theiropinions. This was known as the “telephone game”. Social network had ...
 Definition: The practice of officially examining books, movies,etc. and suppressing unacceptable parts. The U.S. Army ...
 Office of War Information and Bureau of Motion Picturesassured that the Hollywood films that were beingdistributed and ...
 American filmmakers did not want to offend foreigngovernments, so not all of their films were aboutworld issues. Most ...
 1939 - directed by German-born Anatole Litvak(who lived in the U.S. during WW2). First anti-Nazi American film. Altho...
Sergeant York About the life of Alvin York, an American soldierduring WW1. His religion stated that he could not kill o...
 Nazi leaders thought that the war would be shortand victoriouso Tried to persuade the civilians of Germany and theareas...
 Famous movie maker – Goebbelso Made Germany look like the best country; used Jews asscapegoats in his movies.Triumph of...
Kolberg Used 180,000 real German soldiers. German town who resisted the French emperorNapoleon Bonaparte’s army in 1908...
 Released in 1942 and seen by 28 million people. About the romance and marriage between a Germansinger played by Zarah ...
 When the U.S. entered the war, boosts in economy and adropping of the unemployment rate helped movieproductions get bac...
 U.S. Government made movies about the Japanese toinspire American citizens The Fighting Lady – an aircraft carrier and...
 American documentary pushed Americansemotions further that the United States were fightingfor the best Seven films mad...
Information:"Art, Entertainment, and Propaganda." World War II ReferenceLibrary. Ed. Barbara C. Bigelow, et al. Vol. 2: A...
American WW2 Propaganda Films: Charlie Chaplin. Digitalimage.http://www.car-ups.com/images/2012-12-12/american-wwii-propa...
Opened by Censor Stamp. Digital image. Stamps - Auctions(Images). N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013.<http://www.stamps-auctions....
Why We Fight Series. Digital image. Paste Magazine. N.p., n.d.Web. 4 May 2013.<http://cdn.pastemagazine.com/www/system/im...
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bvu_Propaganda Used in Filmmaking During WW2

  1. 1. By: Brandi VuPeriod 1: History
  2. 2.  Information, usually officially communicated by thegovernment, that is aimed at large numbers ofpeople to influence their opinions. Used to state a lie or to be one-sided = enemycommunication. During WW2, BBC (British Broadcasting Channel)was the most popular station to listen to newsreels.o Exaggerated the Allies’ victories, or underplayed theirdefeats.o Became very popular; people believed their opinions.What Is Propaganda?
  3. 3.  Governments wanted people to take action in theiropinions. This was known as the “telephone game”. Social network had to be biased – “Follow theLeader(s)”. Imagery was also used (posters, films, photography) Slogans had to be simple and repeatable.o Hitler said, “The intelligence of masses is small. Theirforgetfulness is great. They must be told the same thing athousand times.”The Strategies of Propaganda
  4. 4.  Definition: The practice of officially examining books, movies,etc. and suppressing unacceptable parts. The U.S. Army and Navy set this system up to protect militarysecrets and guarantee domestic security by the late 1930s. Congress passed the Smith Act in 1940. This made sure thatcivilians could not support the idea to overthrow thegovernment. Government officials were allowed to deport foreigners whowere connected with revolutionary organizations. Government regulated the publication of terrible images andvideos of war on the homefront. Armed forces censoredphotographers and filmmakers.Censorship
  5. 5.  Office of War Information and Bureau of Motion Picturesassured that the Hollywood films that were beingdistributed and played were not a harm to the war aims. December 19, 1941 – FDR created the Executive Order#8985. This helped created the Federal Office ofCensorship.o Expanded to 90 offices across the U.S. with more than14,000 examiners.o Scanned radio & movie scripts, magazine and newspaperstories, listened to phone conversations, checked forinvisible ink, banned crossword puzzles, and reviewedmore than one million letters a day.Censorship
  6. 6.  American filmmakers did not want to offend foreigngovernments, so not all of their films were aboutworld issues. Most films anti-Axis were not distributed.Movies vs. the Gov’t
  7. 7.  1939 - directed by German-born Anatole Litvak(who lived in the U.S. during WW2). First anti-Nazi American film. Although it was a commercial hit, itwas banned incountries who supported Germany (or did not wantto offend them). This movie urged civilians to persuade governmentofficials to enter the war to stop GermanyConfessions of a Nazi Spy
  8. 8. Sergeant York About the life of Alvin York, an American soldierduring WW1. His religion stated that he could not kill otherpeople, but fought for the U.S. anyway. Released in 1941 to give confidence to civilians.A Yank in the RAF American pilot who joined Britain’s Royal Air Forceto fight the Nazis.Sergeant York & A Yank InThe RAF
  9. 9.  Nazi leaders thought that the war would be shortand victoriouso Tried to persuade the civilians of Germany and theareas they occupied – wanted support & cooperationo Propaganda in other countries showed that Germanywanted to win the war to make a New Order and anew Europe Germany’s government shut down museums,concert halls, and sport arenas; but, movie theaterswere notGerman Films
  10. 10.  Famous movie maker – Goebbelso Made Germany look like the best country; used Jews asscapegoats in his movies.Triumph of the Will Actress – Leni Riefenstahl This film made the Nazi party’s rally in Nuremberg lookgood.Jud Suss Wanted more Germans to be anti-Jewish. About a Jew who became an adviser to a German duke.He and his friends wanted to take over a city in Germany.Triumph of the Will & JudSuss
  11. 11. Kolberg Used 180,000 real German soldiers. German town who resisted the French emperorNapoleon Bonaparte’s army in 1908. The Germanyarmy saved them at the last minute. Goebbels wanted German civilians to resist theAllies. Opened in Berlin at the end of January 1945 as theAllies were advancing to the heart of Germany.Kolberg
  12. 12.  Released in 1942 and seen by 28 million people. About the romance and marriage between a Germansinger played by Zarah Leander (a Swedish star) andan air force fighter pilot. Zarah Leander sang the song, “I Know Someday aMiracle Will Happen”.o Became the theme song for German civilians.Die Grosse Liebe
  13. 13.  When the U.S. entered the war, boosts in economy and adropping of the unemployment rate helped movieproductions get back on track. 1944 – over 100 million movie tickets were sold everyweek.o Population in the U.S. was 130 million people. “The Motion Pictures Committee Cooperating forNational Defense” showed defense films made by thegovernment with no charge.o Also called recruitment films – persuaded men and womento be a part of the war effort. Women in Defense – Written by Eleanor Roosevelt. Sheencouraged women to take their part in defense factories or thearmed services.U.S. and Their PropagandaFilms
  14. 14.  U.S. Government made movies about the Japanese toinspire American citizens The Fighting Lady – an aircraft carrier and the lives ofthe workers on it With the Marines at Tarawa – the director used realsoldiers to film this movie of the Battle of Tarawa Liberation of Rome – documentary about the Alliesadvancing to Rome and successfully freeing thecivilians from German rule in World War 2After Pearl Harbor…
  15. 15.  American documentary pushed Americansemotions further that the United States were fightingfor the best Seven films made by the U.S. Army Signal Corpso Showed how the Axis governments brainwashed andtreated their country.o Leaders were using civilians to win powero Teachers and principals had to teach their studentshow pure their government and leaders were The famous Hollywood director - Frank CapraWhy We Fight
  16. 16. Information:"Art, Entertainment, and Propaganda." World War II ReferenceLibrary. Ed. Barbara C. Bigelow, et al. Vol. 2: Almanac. Detroit:UXL, 2000. 369-390. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 4 May2013."Communication: Propaganda." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 04 May 2013.Laurie, Clayton D. "Propaganda during World War II." InfobaseLearning. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2013.Stokesbury, James L. "World War II." World Book Student. WorldBook, 2013. Web. 4 May 2013.Stults, Taylor. "Propaganda." World Book Student. World Book,2013. Web. 4 May 2013.Pictures:Adolf Hitler. Digital image. Biography Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May2013.<http://www.biographyonline.net/military/images/adolf-hitler.jpg>.Bibliography
  17. 17. American WW2 Propaganda Films: Charlie Chaplin. Digitalimage.http://www.car-ups.com/images/2012-12-12/american-wwii-propaganda-films03.jpgCar-ups. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013.BBC Logo. Digital image.https://si0.twimg.com/profile_images/662708106/bbc.pngTwitter:BBC News Channel. N.p., n.d.Web. 4 May 2013.Eleanor Roosevelt Portrait. Digital image. Wikimedia/wikipedia.N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013.<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/22/Eleanor_Roosevelt_portrait_1933.jpg/144px-Eleanor_Roosevelt_portrait_1933.jpg>.Franklin Roosevelt. Digital image. Biography.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4May 2013.<http://www.biography.com/imported/images/Biography/Images/Profiles/R/Franklin-Roosevelt-9463381-1-402.jpg>.Hawaii - Honolulu - Internment - Camp. Digital image. Tofugu. N.p.,n.d. Web. 4 May 2013. <http://www.tofugu.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/hawaii_honolulu_internment_camp2.jpg>.Joseph Goebbels. Digital image. Wikimedia/wikipedia. N.p., n.d.Web. 4 May 2013. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1968-101-20A,_Joseph_Goebbels.jpg/245px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1968-101-20A,_Joseph_Goebbels.jpg>.Bibliography
  18. 18. Opened by Censor Stamp. Digital image. Stamps - Auctions(Images). N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013.<http://www.stamps-auctions.com/images/aus-c1.jpg>.Prelude to War. Digital image. Imdb Media. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May2013.<http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMTMwODY5MzQ4N15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODY0MzU1MQ@@._V1_SY317_CR51,0,214,317_.jpg>.Prelude to War: For Hiter We Live. Digital image. Moma.org. N.p.,n.d. Web. 4 May 2013. <http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/inside_out/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/PreludetoWar.jpg>.Sergeant York Movie. Digital image. YellowAirplane/Models/Famous People. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013.<http://yellowairplane.com/Models_Famous_People/sergent_york.jpg>.Spy Poster. Digital image. TwentyFour Frames. N.p., n.d. Web. 4May 2013.<http://twentyfourframes.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/spy-poster.jpg>.Bibliography
  19. 19. Why We Fight Series. Digital image. Paste Magazine. N.p., n.d.Web. 4 May 2013.<http://cdn.pastemagazine.com/www/system/images/thumbs/www/articles/Why_We_Fight_300x207.jpg?1273915419>.With the Marines at Tarawa Movie Poster. Digital image. MoviePoster Shop. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013. <http://images.moviepostershop.com/with-the-marines-at-tarawa-movie-poster-1944-1020198776.jpg>.Zarah Leander. Digital image. Wikimedia/wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web.4 May 2013.<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2f/Zarah_Leander.jpg>.Bibliography

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