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Russian 18th Century Attire

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Russian 18th Century Attire

  1. 1. Russian 18th Century Attire<br />Brandi Cruz<br />
  2. 2. Peter’ Reforms<br /> During his reign, Peter I initiated reforms of Russian culture that included dress attire for in court and at home. However, his reforms were not always and completely favored because of their radical change from the traditional or because those reforms went against religious beliefs. As a result, some men preferred to pay the beard tax or chose to wear their traditional clothes at home while deferring to Peter’s court demands for European dress. However, according to Raisanovsky and Steinberg, it was not until the middle of the 18th century, in Empress Elizabeth’s reign, that Western fashions became a major focal point in Russian culture (264). Thus by Catherine II’s rule, Western garb particularly the French styles were fully entrenched at informal court occasions such as parties or masquerades while traditional attire was still worn at formal ceremonies like coronations.<br />Peter I Against a Scene of the Battle of Poltava (tapestry by Philippe Behagle and Ivan Kobylyakov; wool & silk) <br />www.hermitagemuseum.org<br />
  3. 3. Women’s Attire<br />Images of Tradition<br />Europeanization<br />Click Picture<br />Click Picture<br />
  4. 4. Women’s Jewelry & Accessories<br />The pictures are from www.hermitagemuseum.org<br />
  5. 5. Men’s Wear<br />Images are from www.hermitagemuseum.org<br />
  6. 6. Men’s Jewelry & Accessories<br />
  7. 7. Magnificence of the Tsars<br />Click Link to Watch Video<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQEju1h0fRw<br />http://www.madrascafebooks.co.nz/images/images_product/1851775501.jpg<br />• The Magnificence of the Tsars was an exhibit that was set up at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London. It was open from December 2008 to March 2009.1<br />• The items being shown were on loan from Moscow Kremlin Museums in exchange for British fashions from the 18th and 19th centuries to be put on display in Moscow.2<br />• The V&A exhibit displayed Russian attire that spanned from 1721 to 1917.2<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />With Peter I, women were ousted from social seclusion and adorned in western garb.<br />Men were made to conform through uniforms and finely stitched garments of Parisian style.<br />And, however slow the initial progress was in the first decades of the 1700s, it is clear that by the end of the century, western fashion had made an impact on Russian wear; materials were characterized by silks, caftans were tapered, and camisoles were shortened to waistcoats. (www.hermitagemuseum.org/fcgi-bin/db2www/descrPage.mac/descrPage?selLang=English&indexClass=SUIT_EN&PID=JRT-15570-15572&numView=1&ID_NUM=4&thumbFile=%2Ftmplobs%2FT46T2JR_23T4J0ULCK6.jpg&embViewVer=last&comeFrom=quick&sorting=no&thumbId=6&numResults=6&tmCond=Ceremonial+Costume&searchIndex=TAGFILEN&author=)<br />
  9. 9. Links:<br />www.alexanderpalace.org<br />www.hermitagemuseum.org<br />Information on Exhibit<br />•1http://www.vam.ac.uk/exhibitions/future_exhibs/tsars/index.html<br />•2http://specialartgalleryexhibits.suite101.com/article.cfm/magnificence_of_the_tsars_at_va<br />• movie: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQEju1h0fRw<br />

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