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Westward
Expansion
OBJ #1:

• A. Louisiana Purchase
1.Purchased from France
- 1803
-$15 Million
(Napoleon Sells)
2. Geographic Location
*West...
3. Exploration

*Lewis & Clark
Job: Explore the new territory of Louisiana
-Find a North West Passage
-Find the true size ...
Lewis and Clark Expedition
• Sacagawea
shows Lewis
& Clark
through
the Louisiana
Purchase
Moving West (Mid-West)
• Industrial Revolution
**Creation of a factory system and use
of mechanical tools to improve life
...
People Move WEST!

* New Land means they can move!
• Use roads and the
NEW RAILROAD!
OBJ #2: War of 1812
• Europe was in a war, and needed supplies from
U.S
• People in U.S. losing $$/ Supplies were cut off
...
• Francis Scott Key writes
“Star Spangled Banner”
- National Anthem
U.S. won at New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent: Ended the war...
OBJ #3:

** TEXAS Republic:

- Americans settle in Texas
-Belongs to new country- Mexico
-Mexico wants Americans to learn
...
** Battle for Independence
-Mexico is winning at first
Alamo (1836): Texans stationed at Alamo; Mexico v.
Texas. Mexico br...
** 1836- Texas is FREE- On their own!
Asks to join the U.S.
U.S. says NO- North doesn’t like slavery
Finally YES as slave ...
OBJ #4:
Mexican American War

1. Mexico starts to welcome Americans into
its territories (New Mexico & California)
2.U.S. ...
Mexico v. U.S.
* Many Americans were against the war (Why?)
- U.S. Wins Easily!

*Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848):
Ends...
OBJ #5:

** Native Americans
* President Jackson wanted to open up the
land from Georgia to Mississippi for farming

1. In...
* -Cherokee Refuse
**Cherokee sue in Supreme Court to
stop removal (Jackson ignores order)
**1835- some Cherokee sign trea...
Trail of Tears:
OBJ #6:
** Manifest Destiny:
*1840’s – Belief that the U.S. and it’s
people had the right to “colonize” &
use all territor...
OBJ #7

*Promise of rich land in Oregon

** Oregon Trail- Rough trail, harsh
conditions, not enough food, people DIE
**Bot...
49 Parallel
th
CALIFORNIA!!
* After Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848):
belongs to U.S
** GOLD

RUSH!!

- 1848/49 (49’ers)

*Gold found at Sutter’s...
Westward expansion
Westward expansion
Westward expansion
Westward expansion
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Westward expansion

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Westward expansion

  1. 1. Westward Expansion
  2. 2. OBJ #1: • A. Louisiana Purchase 1.Purchased from France - 1803 -$15 Million (Napoleon Sells) 2. Geographic Location *West- Mississippi River
  3. 3. 3. Exploration *Lewis & Clark Job: Explore the new territory of Louisiana -Find a North West Passage -Find the true size of the territory -Discover Native Americans. -Describe Natural Resources ** SacagaweaIndian Woman, Hired to be guide, learned English
  4. 4. Lewis and Clark Expedition • Sacagawea shows Lewis & Clark through the Louisiana Purchase
  5. 5. Moving West (Mid-West) • Industrial Revolution **Creation of a factory system and use of mechanical tools to improve life and production ** Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney:1793 ** Steam Boat
  6. 6. People Move WEST! * New Land means they can move! • Use roads and the NEW RAILROAD!
  7. 7. OBJ #2: War of 1812 • Europe was in a war, and needed supplies from U.S • People in U.S. losing $$/ Supplies were cut off • British v. United States • British help Native Americans to attack American settlements. • War Hawks: wanted the U.S. to fight G.B. ( they like war) • British burn Washington DC
  8. 8. • Francis Scott Key writes “Star Spangled Banner” - National Anthem U.S. won at New Orleans Treaty of Ghent: Ended the war ** Both sides didn’t think they could win • Showed the U.S. could stand up to the British
  9. 9. OBJ #3: ** TEXAS Republic: - Americans settle in Texas -Belongs to new country- Mexico -Mexico wants Americans to learn customs **No more Americans: Texas is MAD! * Texas asks to leave Mexico and be on their own, Mexico says NO! * Houston chosen as leader of Texas Army
  10. 10. ** Battle for Independence -Mexico is winning at first Alamo (1836): Texans stationed at Alamo; Mexico v. Texas. Mexico breaks through and kills all Texans -Texans Recover- Capture Santa Anna (Dictator) Numbering approximately 189 men, the Texans fought off the Mexicans, who numbered around 3,000-4,000 troops, for 13 days until the Mexican Army finally overran the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
  11. 11. ** 1836- Texas is FREE- On their own! Asks to join the U.S. U.S. says NO- North doesn’t like slavery Finally YES as slave state Annexed : to add in 1845
  12. 12. OBJ #4: Mexican American War 1. Mexico starts to welcome Americans into its territories (New Mexico & California) 2.U.S. Annexes (adds) Texas (Upset Mexico) 3. U.S. thought Texas boarder at Rio Grande 4. Mexico thought boarder at Nueces
  13. 13. Mexico v. U.S. * Many Americans were against the war (Why?) - U.S. Wins Easily! *Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848): Ends War ($15 million) Mexico cedes (gave up) California & all of Southwest gives Mexico $15 million * Gadsden Purchase($10 million) for S. Arizona and Southern New Mexico
  14. 14. OBJ #5: ** Native Americans * President Jackson wanted to open up the land from Georgia to Mississippi for farming 1. Indian Removal Act of 1830: * Passed by Congress * Ordered Indians to give up lands East of Mississippi to trade for land in Oklahoma * BAD LAND!!
  15. 15. * -Cherokee Refuse **Cherokee sue in Supreme Court to stop removal (Jackson ignores order) **1835- some Cherokee sign treaty but most of 17,000 do not agree and will not accept it 2. Trail of Tears: 1838 **Trail from Georgia to Oklahoma. Many die during 800 mile march, treated bad by soldiers, hungry, cold, disease -Forced Out: Jackson Uses Military – Sends 7,000 troops in to force removal
  16. 16. Trail of Tears:
  17. 17. OBJ #6: ** Manifest Destiny: *1840’s – Belief that the U.S. and it’s people had the right to “colonize” & use all territory from Atlantic to Pacific. - Mountain Men: *Early explorers head into Louisiana *Send stories and goods back * Led people to explore the West
  18. 18. OBJ #7 *Promise of rich land in Oregon ** Oregon Trail- Rough trail, harsh conditions, not enough food, people DIE **Both U.S. and Great Britain said they owned Oregon **U.S. adds 5,000 more people & British don’t -1846 agreement to set border at the 49th Parallel ** Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, Montana.
  19. 19. 49 Parallel th
  20. 20. CALIFORNIA!! * After Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848): belongs to U.S ** GOLD RUSH!! - 1848/49 (49’ers) *Gold found at Sutter’s Mill 1848 *100,000 people come between 1848-1849 *Boomtowns: No Government /Rough Towns Becoming a State: 1850 * *Banned Slavery: Created trouble in Congress!

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