• A. Louisiana Purchase
1.Purchased from France
2. Geographic Location
*West- Mississippi River
*Lewis & Clark
Job: Explore the new territory of Louisiana
-Find a North West Passage
-Find the true size of the territory
-Discover Native Americans.
-Describe Natural Resources
** SacagaweaIndian Woman, Hired to be guide,
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Moving West (Mid-West)
• Industrial Revolution
**Creation of a factory system and use
of mechanical tools to improve life
** Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney:1793
** Steam Boat
People Move WEST!
* New Land means they can move!
• Use roads and the
OBJ #2: War of 1812
• Europe was in a war, and needed supplies from
• People in U.S. losing $$/ Supplies were cut off
• British v. United States
• British help Native Americans to attack American
• War Hawks: wanted the U.S. to fight G.B.
( they like war)
• British burn
• Francis Scott Key writes
“Star Spangled Banner”
- National Anthem
U.S. won at New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent: Ended the war
** Both sides didn’t think they could win
• Showed the U.S. could
stand up to the British
** TEXAS Republic:
- Americans settle in Texas
-Belongs to new country- Mexico
-Mexico wants Americans to learn
**No more Americans: Texas is MAD!
* Texas asks to leave Mexico and be on
their own, Mexico says NO!
* Houston chosen as leader of Texas
** Battle for Independence
-Mexico is winning at first
Alamo (1836): Texans stationed at Alamo; Mexico v.
Texas. Mexico breaks through and kills all Texans
-Texans Recover- Capture Santa Anna (Dictator)
Numbering approximately 189 men, the Texans fought off the Mexicans, who
numbered around 3,000-4,000 troops, for 13 days until the Mexican Army finally
overran the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
** 1836- Texas is FREE- On their own!
Asks to join the U.S.
U.S. says NO- North doesn’t like slavery
Finally YES as slave state
Annexed : to add in 1845
Mexican American War
1. Mexico starts to welcome Americans into
its territories (New Mexico & California)
2.U.S. Annexes (adds) Texas (Upset Mexico)
3. U.S. thought
Texas boarder at Rio
4. Mexico thought
boarder at Nueces
Mexico v. U.S.
* Many Americans were against the war (Why?)
- U.S. Wins Easily!
*Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848):
Ends War ($15 million) Mexico cedes (gave up)
California & all of Southwest gives Mexico $15
* Gadsden Purchase($10 million) for S.
Arizona and Southern
** Native Americans
* President Jackson wanted to open up the
land from Georgia to Mississippi for farming
1. Indian Removal Act of 1830:
* Passed by Congress
* Ordered Indians to
give up lands East of
Mississippi to trade
for land in Oklahoma
* BAD LAND!!
* -Cherokee Refuse
**Cherokee sue in Supreme Court to
stop removal (Jackson ignores order)
**1835- some Cherokee sign treaty but most of
17,000 do not agree and will not accept it
of Tears: 1838
**Trail from Georgia to Oklahoma. Many die
during 800 mile march, treated bad by soldiers,
hungry, cold, disease
-Forced Out: Jackson Uses Military – Sends 7,000
troops in to force removal
** Manifest Destiny:
*1840’s – Belief that the U.S. and it’s
people had the right to “colonize” &
use all territory from Atlantic to Pacific.
- Mountain Men:
*Early explorers head into Louisiana
*Send stories and goods back
* Led people to explore the West
*Promise of rich land in Oregon
** Oregon Trail- Rough trail, harsh
conditions, not enough food, people DIE
**Both U.S. and Great Britain said they
**U.S. adds 5,000 more people & British don’t
-1846 agreement to set border at the 49th
** Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming,
* After Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848):
belongs to U.S
- 1848/49 (49’ers)
*Gold found at Sutter’s Mill 1848
*100,000 people come between 1848-1849
*Boomtowns: No Government /Rough Towns
Becoming a State: 1850
* *Banned Slavery: Created trouble in