Unit 7 powerpoint #1 (america reacts to world war ii the rise of dictatorships)

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Rise of Dictatorships

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Unit 7 powerpoint #1 (america reacts to world war ii the rise of dictatorships)

  1. 1. Today’s Objective We will analyze the events that led to the rise of dictatorships in Germany and Italy in the years following World War I.
  2. 2. ANNOUNCEMENTS
  3. 3. • • • • • This Week in U.S. History Tuesday, Jan. 7 The Rise of Dictatorships Wednesday, Jan. 8 Early Years of World War II Thursday, Jan. 9 America the Neutral Friday, Jan. 10 Events leading to Pearl Harbor attack Monday, Jan. 13 Semester Review
  4. 4. Unit 6 TEST on Thursday!
  5. 5. U.S. History Tutorials Monday and Tuesday, 3-4 p.m.
  6. 6. Gopher Hoops vs. Mansfield Timberview, Tuesday, Turner Gym Girls, 6 p.m., Boys, 7:30
  7. 7. Gopher Wrestling Girls and Boys Wrestling Teams vs. SGP, Friday, 6 p.m., Old Boys Gym
  8. 8. Today’s Agenda • • Review of Previous Learning Fin Anticipatory Set Video • Lesson FDR • Group Discussion The • Product T-Chart
  9. 9. GP1-RD2-CC Gilded Age - 1800s Progressive Era – ’00s Imperialism/World War I – ’10s Roaring ’20s – ’20s Depression – ’30s World War II – ’40s Cold War – ’50s Civil Rights Movement – ’60s
  10. 10. By Brad Harris, Grand Prairie HS SEs: 2B, 2C, 2D, 7A, 12B
  11. 11. Today’s Objective We will analyze the events that led to the rise of dictatorships in Germany and Italy in the years following World War I.
  12. 12. Anticipatory Set What problems did FDR face in his second term?
  13. 13. State Standards 16D (s) 19B (r) 20B (r) Compare the New Deal policies and its opponents' approaches to resolving the economic effects of the Great Depression. Explain constitutional issues raised by federal government policy changes during times of significant events, including the Great Depression. Evaluate the impact of relationships among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, including Franklin D. Roosevelt's attempt to increase the number of U.S. Supreme
  14. 14. Blackjack’s Warning Gen. John J. “Blackjack” Pershing had warned during WWI that not getting an unconditional surrender from Germany would lead to another
  15. 15. Effects of Treaty of Versailles The peace treaty that officially ended World War I and placed total blame for the war on Germany.
  16. 16. Effects of Treaty of Versailles Germany lost lands that were used to create new countries such as Poland and Czechoslovakia
  17. 17. Effects of Treaty of Versailles Germany had to pay billions in reparation payments, causing it to fall deep into debt.
  18. 18. The Rise of Dictatorships Sovie t Russ ia ny ma Ger Austria-Hungary The dissolution of the German and AustroHungarian Empires led to the creation of fragile new democracies throughout
  19. 19. The Rise of Dictatorships a siia uss Rus et R iiet Sov Sov Germany Poland Czechoslo vakia Austria Hungary Romania Yugoslavia Bu aria The dissolution of the German andlgAustroHungarian Empire led to the creation of fragile new democracies throughout
  20. 20. The Rise of Dictatorships The Depression hit Europe – especially Germany – even harder than it hit the U.S.
  21. 21. The Rise of Dictatorships The instability of Europe made conditions favorable for the rise of dictatorships in the years following World War I.
  22. 22. By the early 1930s, Adolf Hitler of Germany, Benito Mussolini of Italy, and Josef Stalin of Soviet Russia all had come to power.
  23. 23. Communism in Russia The Russian Revolution led to the world’s first Communist state in the Soviet Union.
  24. 24. Communism in Russia Joseph Stalin took power in the Soviet Union and established a Communist
  25. 25. Russia and Stalin (:56)
  26. 26. Mussolini and the Fascists Benito Mussolini -- known as Il Duce – and the Fascists Party took control of Italy In 1922, promising the re-establishment of a Roman
  27. 27. Mussolini and the Fascists Mussolini established a fascist government, which is a government which puts the nation above everything else, including individual
  28. 28. Italy and Mussolini (:56)
  29. 29. Hitler and the Nazis Germans were captivated by the great speeches of Hitler, who promised a return of Germany to greatness under the Nazi
  30. 30. Hitler becomes dictator In 1933 – after the Nazis gained control of the German Parliament (the Reichstag) – Hitler was elected German Chancellor.
  31. 31. Hitler becomes dictator Later that year, the Enabling Act of 1933 was passed, giving Hitler the authority to enact laws without the approval of the Reichstag.
  32. 32. Hitler becomes dictator The Enabling Act, which gave Hitler total control of the government for four years, in essence made Hitler a dictator.
  33. 33. The Rise of Dictatorships A dictator is a political leader who has total control over a nation.
  34. 34. Adolf Hitler and the Rise of the Nazi Party (2:50)
  35. 35. Hitler and the Nazis Nazism was a form of fascism, but included racism and a hatred of the Jewish race.
  36. 36. Totalitarian States Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin had established totalitarian states, governments which had total control of
  37. 37. Totalitarian States Dictators glorified violence, obedience to leaders, and extreme nationalism.
  38. 38. Totalitarian States Dictators arrested, imprisoned, and often killed their opponents or those who opposed the government.
  39. 39. Nationalism and the Rise of the Axis Powers (:50)
  40. 40. Rise of Dictatorships Mussolini and Hitler both came to the aid of Fascist dictator Francisco Franco in Spain.
  41. 41. The Spanish Civil War The Spanish Civil War, which began in 1936, led to an alliance between Germany
  42. 42. Nazi Germany Fascist Italy Imperialist Japan
  43. 43. Coming Up Next: World War II Begins!!!
  44. 44. Today’s Objective We will analyze the events that led to the rise of dictatorships in Germany and Italy in the years following World War I.
  45. 45. Today’s Product I will define the term “dictator” four ways: a book definition, in your own words, give an example, and draw a picture.

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