MONTANA HISTORY
NATURAL
DISASTERS

storms

floods

earthquakes

1
FIRE

2
GREAT IDAHO – 1910
August 20, 21
Somewhere around
3,000 fires were burning
Hurricane force winds
Of around 75 mph turned
T...
A total of
3 million
Acres
burned

86 people killed

Enough
timber
killed to fill
a freight
train 2, 400
miles long
Most o...
MANN GULCH FIRE - 1949
A fire was spotted in the
Gates of the Mountains,
20 mi north of Helena
On August 5, 1949

The fire...
This August 1949 file photo
shows the scope of the fire

13 firefighters’ lives were lost
When a wall of flame raced up
a ...
Flat Creek Fire:
August 4, 2000 – September 8, 2000

7
Montana and Alberta Fires – July 30, 2003
Fast moving forest fires
raced through terrain at
the front range The
Rocky Moun...
Montana and Idaho Fires - 2000
-By August 8,
250,000 acres
Burned.
-Dense smoke from
Idaho and Western
Montana is visible
...
MONTURE FIRE – LOLO
NATIONAL FOREST

JULY 3, 2000-SEPTEMBER 10, 2000

JULY 31, 2000 – OCTOBER 3, 2000
VALLEY COMPLEX FIRE
...
JULY 31, 2000 –
OCTOBER 3, 2000
Valley Complex Fire

An evergreen tree
Goes up in flames on
Upper Nine Mile Fire – August ...
PHOTOS
BY
ELLEN
MYERS

12
MONTANA FIRE AND ELK:

Taken by John McColgan, a fire
Behavior analyst from Fairbanks, Alaska on August 6, 2000 at the
Bit...
STORMS

14
An aerial view of a farm shop between Brockton
And Culbertson destroyed by the storm.

July
2005

15
Clothing and household items are piled on the
Ceiling of 7-year-old Angel Bighorn’s home near
Brockton after a severe thun...
Lewistown MT supercell
17
Photo by Tanja Fransen
Results of a microburst near Circle, MT.

18
Mobile home
Destroyed by
Thunderstorm
Near
Brockton

19
RAILCARS DERAILED
BY STORM
NEAR
BROCKTON

20
21
22
FLOODS

23
Glasgow: 1952

Floodwaters surround Glasgow
This picture shows how levees protected the town from being
flooded. The flood...
Great Falls during 1908 flood; south side of
Missouri river across from Anaconda Smelter
At Black Eagle Falls

Montana Wea...
Entrance to St. Mary Ranger station
1964 flood
26
St. Mary Lodge marooned;
1964 flood

27
EARTHQUAKE
28
29
30
MADISON RIVER LANDSLIDE

31
Two people died
At Cliff Lake
Campground, 15
Miles southwest
Of the Madison
Canyon landslide
When a large
Boulder bounced
...
Chalked messages on Hebgen
Dam tell those flying over that
The Dam is OK, but people
Need help (SOS) to get out
Of the can...
Four small landslides dropped
Portions of Highway 287 into
Hebgen Lake, blocking the exit
Route for people in the Madison
...
Ground shaking caused roadbeds to
Settle and crack, hampering safe
Driving. This highway is U.S. 91
Between West Yellowsto...
36
37
38
39
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Montana History: Natural Disasters

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A short history of the more extreme natural disasters that have happened in Montana; a Montana History Powerpoint

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Montana History: Natural Disasters

  1. 1. MONTANA HISTORY NATURAL DISASTERS storms floods earthquakes 1
  2. 2. FIRE 2
  3. 3. GREAT IDAHO – 1910 August 20, 21 Somewhere around 3,000 fires were burning Hurricane force winds Of around 75 mph turned The many smaller fires Into a dangerous firestorm Became the largest forest Fire in American history Though most of the fires Started in western Montana they very quickly spread into Idaho – one town especially effected by it was Wallace, Idaho 3
  4. 4. A total of 3 million Acres burned 86 people killed Enough timber killed to fill a freight train 2, 400 miles long Most of the destruction occurred in a six-hour period 4
  5. 5. MANN GULCH FIRE - 1949 A fire was spotted in the Gates of the Mountains, 20 mi north of Helena On August 5, 1949 The fire had started near The top of a ridge between Mann Gulch and Meriwether Canyon – an extremely inaccessible area, with no roads 15 smokejumpers from Missoula parachuted in to fight the fire 5
  6. 6. This August 1949 file photo shows the scope of the fire 13 firefighters’ lives were lost When a wall of flame raced up a steep hillside, catching them unexpectedly The lightning-caused blaze burned More than 3,000 acres Controlling it required the efforts Of more than 400 firefighters. 6
  7. 7. Flat Creek Fire: August 4, 2000 – September 8, 2000 7
  8. 8. Montana and Alberta Fires – July 30, 2003 Fast moving forest fires raced through terrain at the front range The Rocky Mountains in northern Montana (bottom right) and Alberta Canada (top right). In Montana, the fires (marked in red) forced Thousands of tourists And staff to evacuate Glacier National Park (image center) Sunday, July 27th, while in Canada, the blaze forced many residents of the Small community of Hillcrest to evacuate their homes. 8
  9. 9. Montana and Idaho Fires - 2000 -By August 8, 250,000 acres Burned. -Dense smoke from Idaho and Western Montana is visible Stretching all the Way to North and South Dakota in This image from the Sea-viewing Wide Field of View Senso SEAWiFS) taken on August 7, 2000 9
  10. 10. MONTURE FIRE – LOLO NATIONAL FOREST JULY 3, 2000-SEPTEMBER 10, 2000 JULY 31, 2000 – OCTOBER 3, 2000 VALLEY COMPLEX FIRE PHOTO TAKEN BY ELLEN MYERS 10
  11. 11. JULY 31, 2000 – OCTOBER 3, 2000 Valley Complex Fire An evergreen tree Goes up in flames on Upper Nine Mile Fire – August 3, 200011 September 11, 2000
  12. 12. PHOTOS BY ELLEN MYERS 12
  13. 13. MONTANA FIRE AND ELK: Taken by John McColgan, a fire Behavior analyst from Fairbanks, Alaska on August 6, 2000 at the Bitterroot National Forest Fire - East fork of the Bitterroot River near Sula, MT 13
  14. 14. STORMS 14
  15. 15. An aerial view of a farm shop between Brockton And Culbertson destroyed by the storm. July 2005 15
  16. 16. Clothing and household items are piled on the Ceiling of 7-year-old Angel Bighorn’s home near Brockton after a severe thunderstorm turned 16 The mobile home up-side-down
  17. 17. Lewistown MT supercell 17
  18. 18. Photo by Tanja Fransen Results of a microburst near Circle, MT. 18
  19. 19. Mobile home Destroyed by Thunderstorm Near Brockton 19
  20. 20. RAILCARS DERAILED BY STORM NEAR BROCKTON 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. FLOODS 23
  24. 24. Glasgow: 1952 Floodwaters surround Glasgow This picture shows how levees protected the town from being flooded. The flooding occurred as far west as Havre with $7 million In damage. Amazingly less than a dozen people were injured and no Deaths. 24
  25. 25. Great Falls during 1908 flood; south side of Missouri river across from Anaconda Smelter At Black Eagle Falls Montana Weather: From 70 Below to 117 Above Published by Montana Magazine; 1982 25
  26. 26. Entrance to St. Mary Ranger station 1964 flood 26
  27. 27. St. Mary Lodge marooned; 1964 flood 27
  28. 28. EARTHQUAKE 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. MADISON RIVER LANDSLIDE 31
  32. 32. Two people died At Cliff Lake Campground, 15 Miles southwest Of the Madison Canyon landslide When a large Boulder bounced Over a picnic table And landed on their Tent. Their three Sons, sleeping a Few feet away Were not injured. 32
  33. 33. Chalked messages on Hebgen Dam tell those flying over that The Dam is OK, but people Need help (SOS) to get out Of the canyon. Driftwood was thrown up onto the Road by the seiche in Hebgen Lake 33
  34. 34. Four small landslides dropped Portions of Highway 287 into Hebgen Lake, blocking the exit Route for people in the Madison Canyon above the landslide. A splay of the Red Canyon fault scarp Lifted a 10-foot wall across the road, Making evacuating the area almost Impossible. 34
  35. 35. Ground shaking caused roadbeds to Settle and crack, hampering safe Driving. This highway is U.S. 91 Between West Yellowstone and Hebgen Lake. The north shore of Hebgen Lake was Submerged when the rock on which It rests dropped down adjacent to The new Hebgen fault scarp. The Main residence at Helgard Lodge Dropped off its foundation into the Lake and floated to this location. 35
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. 37
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. 39

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