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Medieval Mythbusters


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Medieval Mythbusters

  1. 1. Medieval Mythbusters Barony of Castel Rouge April 27 2007
  2. 2. Myths of the Middle Ages <ul><li>There’s a lot of information on the Middle Ages/Medieval period of history </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of it is myth or fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Much of what we “know” comes from Hollywood! </li></ul>
  3. 7. Myth 1. People bathed once a year “ Contrary to popular legend, medieval man loved baths. Some castles had a special room beside the kitchen where the ladies might bathe sociably in parties. Hot water, sometimes with perfume or rose leaves, was brought to the lord in the bedchamber and poured into a tub shaped like a half-barrel and containing a stool, so that the occupant could sit and soak long. In the cities there were public baths, or “stews” for the populace”.
  4. 10. Myth 2. They never washed their clothes <ul><li>“ Wherefore love your husband's person carefully, and I pray you keep him in clean linen” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 14. Myth 3. Housing was bad <ul><li>A medieval cottage from the thirteenth century, </li></ul><ul><li>has been reconstructed by the Weald and </li></ul><ul><li>Downland Museum, Sussex, England. It has two </li></ul><ul><li>rooms, one containing the hearth that would </li></ul><ul><li>have been the main living area. The other room </li></ul><ul><li>contains a stone oven. The house would </li></ul><ul><li>have been very dark and smoky inside as there </li></ul><ul><li>is no chimney and only a small window. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants' houses have not survived because </li></ul><ul><li>they were made out of sticks, straw and mud. </li></ul><ul><li>They were one-roomed houses which the family </li></ul><ul><li>Shared with the animals.    </li></ul><ul><li>They made their houses themselves because </li></ul><ul><li>they could not afford to pay someone to build </li></ul><ul><li>them. The simplest houses were made out of </li></ul><ul><li>sticks and straw. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 16. <ul><li>Wattle and Daub houses </li></ul><ul><li>were taller and wider than </li></ul><ul><li>the simple stick and straw </li></ul><ul><li>houses. They also offered </li></ul><ul><li>better protection from the </li></ul><ul><li>weather. </li></ul><ul><li>They were made by first </li></ul><ul><li>constructing a framework of </li></ul><ul><li>timber, then filling in the spaces </li></ul><ul><li>with wattle (woven twigs). Finally, </li></ul><ul><li>the twigs were daubed with mud </li></ul><ul><li>which, when dried, made a hard </li></ul><ul><li>wall. </li></ul>
  7. 19. Myth 4. Food was bad <ul><li>“ Medieval cooking was not, as has been so easily assumed, a dubious practice that produced inedible dishes filled with strange spices and dangerous ingredients. Medieval cooks used many of the same type of foodstuffs that are in use today, in addition to forms of food preparation familiar to any of us. The dishes and recipes they prepared were neither inedible nor dangerous, but extremely delicious and nourishing products that employed the finest meats, grains, fruits, and vegetables medieval society was capable of developing. Then as now, mankind knew what tasted good and the sauces, stews, pies, roasts, and soups that satisfied the 14th century family are just as wholesome and enjoyable today” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  8. 22. Myth 5. Life was tough & miserable
  9. 23. Medieval Holidays <ul><li>Circumcision of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Twelfth Day </li></ul><ul><li>Candlemas </li></ul><ul><li>St Valentine's Day </li></ul><ul><li>Shrove Tuesday </li></ul><ul><li>Ash Wednesday </li></ul><ul><li>St. David's Day </li></ul><ul><li>St. Patrick's Day </li></ul><ul><li>Feast of St. Edward the Confessor </li></ul><ul><li>Feast of St. Benedict </li></ul><ul><li>The Annunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Palm Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>Good Friday </li></ul><ul><li>Easter Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>Hocktide </li></ul><ul><li>All Fool's Day, April Fool's Day </li></ul><ul><li>St. George's Day </li></ul><ul><li>May Day </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Rood Day </li></ul><ul><li>Rogation Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>Ascension Day or Holy Thursday </li></ul><ul><li>Whitsun or White Sunday, Pentecost </li></ul><ul><li>St. John the Baptist </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity Sunday Corpus Christi Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr St. James the Apostle and St. Christopher Feast of St. Peter in Chains St. Dominic Assumption of Our Lady St. Augustine of Hipo Nativity of Our Lady Exaltation of the Cross Michaelmas, or Feast of St. Michael the Archangel St. Denys' Day St. Crispin's Day All Hallows' Eve </li></ul><ul><li>All Hallows' Day All Souls' Day St. Edmund the King and Martyr St. Catherine's Day St. Nicholas' Day The Conception of Our Lady St. Andrew's Day Christmas Feast of the Holy Innocence Feast of St. Thomas the Archbishop and Martry </li></ul><ul><li>Other Days </li></ul>
  10. 27. Myth 6. You got sick & died <ul><li>“ Medieval medicine is an extremely learned theory that makes sense when one considers the information doctors of the period had to rely on.” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 28. Herbal discovery, 2005 <ul><li>“ The monks' knowledge of herbs was so great it could be used to influence medicine today. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;You would not bother with strange plants at a monastery unless they were going to be used and these medieval brothers knew what to do. They knew more about plants than anyone alive today,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 29. <ul><li>“ In farm and manorial households, the owner's wife was expected to provide medical care not only to her own family but to servants and dependents, including tenants and neighbors of lower status. If she did not provide the care herself, she was responsible for seeing that it was done.” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 30. Finding medieval facts <ul><li>The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Netserf: The Internet Connection for Medieval Studies </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Stefan’s Florilegium </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul>
  14. 31. The Barony of Castel Rouge