FINDING THE IMPACT OF
BIBHU PRASAD TRIPATHY
Icfai Business School
Enrollment No: 08BS0000761
The present study is based
on two aspects.
… UNDP-GEF-CEE SGP
Projects implemented by The
Humanity &Utkal Sevak
Samaj (USS) .
… Kaun Banega Bharat ka
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
To find and study the impact of
conservation of environment through
To study and compare the impacts of the
initiatives taken for the biodiversity
conservation at the different geographical
To spread the message of climate change
and the necessary actions required to
check the same through the KBPA
As the SGP project implemented by “The
Humanity” is going on at 50 villages
located at the Khaprakhol Block in
Bolangir dist., 10 villages were visited
for studying the various activities for the
primary data collection.
The SGP project implemented by “USS”
has been implemented at 5 villages (2
villages in Tangi-Choudwar Block in
Cuttack dist. and 3 villages in
Badachana Block in Jajpur dist). All
were visited for data collection.
interview, Observation, Indirect
Questioning methods & village stay
have been used for primary data
… Most of the data are of qualitative nature
… The educational backgrounds of the
respondents are not so strong.
The reports prepared by The Humanity
and USS the implementing NGOs for
SGP projects have been refered for
METHODOLOGY FOR KBPA
The KBPA campaign involved meeting
the principals/Headmasters of different
schools and explaining them the
procedure for the same in the preliminary
The voting has been done at the second
phase by visiting the schools.
Also the impact of the campaign on the
Students/Teachers has been studied.
Objectives of the SGP Project by
To facilitate, development of NTFP &
Medicinal plants based community
level enterprises in order to secure
sustainable livelihoods as well as
conservation of eco system for forest
dependent marginalized sections
To take steps for conservation of
medicinal plants through carrying out
cultivation in selected community
lands, school campus and developing
demonstration field and herbal garden
in the project area.
To facilitate formulation of an integrated
community based forest management plan with
special emphasis on eco system.
To facilitate formation of forest management
groups (FMGs) and networking among such groups
in order to have a comprehensive and effective
management of greater area of forest and its
biodiversity through enhancement of their skill and
To take steps to check ecological hazards by
popularizing and promoting the traditional variety
of seeds through community initiatives.
COST BENEFIT FROM NTFPs
Price of Selling (In Rs)
Bela Collectively through SHGs
Price of Selling (In Rs)
Char Nut Individually (Before) / KG
0 50 100 150 200
Before extracting oils through the mills available at
The oils were toxic.
The mill owners used to keep the residues after
After the SGP project implementation, 15 oil extracting
machines have been provided to different SHGs and
individuals and training has been provided.
Simple mechanism and cost effective.
Trainings on bottling of these oils.
Quality of the oil extracted is very higher than before as
the toxicity is reduced substantially in this method.
The cost analysis is provided below
COST ANALYSIS OF OIL
Profit From Extraction/KG
Cost of Extraction/liter (In Rs) Quality of Oil
Processing Transportation Total Residues Total
Before 1 1 2 Nil Nil Highly Toxic
After 0.86 Nil 0.86 3 3 substantially
Net Profit/Kg : 1.14 + 3 = Rs 4.14
SEED BANK/GRAIN BANK
They are storing both
traditional and commercial
seeds and grains. Rice Grains
This helps them to use at
lower costs and reduced
Also, more than 20
traditional and local seeds
have been preserved in this
Training on Organic Farming (30 Farmers)
Soil Productivity Healthy Crops Production Cost &
Five nurseries have been developed with more
than 50 types of herbal medicinal plants, out of
which three were visited.
Two have been developed at Talenpali School
and Khaprakhol Govt. UP School. One at
The students and the public are thus knowing
about the use of these medicinal plants like
Gudmari, Bacha, Akarkara, Kedar, Lemon
Grass, Gugul, Ashwagandha, Jatropha, Kumkum,
Dankari, Brudhatarak, Chireita, Amla, Basanga,
Begunia, Guluchi, Bhismajadi etc.
TalenPali School Nursey
Students taking care of plants
Gandhamardan Mountain Range located
near Harishankar in Khaprakhol Block has
vast collection of herbal medicinal plants.
Seventy Baidyas part of Baidyas
Organization as part of the SGP project.
Trained on collecting the herbals from the
nearby Jungles in sustainable manner and
plant them near their villages.
Received trainings for identifying different
herbal medicinal plants.
Have more than 500 varieties of herbals
People are coming in more number to them
after they received training.
Ten FPCs have been formed and eight
have been strengthened to
protect forest land of about 1500 Acres &
plant new trees to regenerate the
Four of them were interviewed.
They have regenerated about 150 Acres
of forest land that were degraded before
the SGP project started.
Coordination of FPCs.
Impact on environment Impact on livelihood economy of communities Other Impacts
Creating and training women SHGs
1. Collecting the NTFPs in 1. Getting greater value on the sales of 1. The social bonding among the
sustainable manner after NTFPs. members has increased.
training. 2. Also getting loans from Govt. 2. Have learnt the business Skill.
2. No more burning the dry 3. Taking loan from their savings at 3% p.m. 3. Watershed dept. of Govt. and other
leaves while collecting which is far better than that from local NGOs are replicating this system for
Mahua flowers. Hence no landlords. its success.
more fire in forest. 4. Getting more profits by doing business in
Training on NTFP collection, Value addition & Collective Marketing
1. As people are now 1. People are getting more profit on NTFPs 1. Qualities of the NTFPs have
dependent on NTFPs due to directly selling to the primary increased.
instead of cutting the traders. 2. Other NGOs and Govt. also providing
trees for woods, the 2. They are getting more profits on oil trainings to some SHGs on NTFPs.
forests are conserved. extraction and also getting good quality. 3. Some companies like CCD have
2. Biodiversity is conserved. come to collect the NTFPs directly as
the qualities have increased.
Local Food Security through Grain/Seed Bank system and Organic Farming
1. The traditional grains are 1. The people are getting the seeds directly 1. The absence of pesticides implies
preserved which were on from the seed bank without taking loan healthy vegetables and grains.
verge of extinction. from external entities.
2. The productivity of the soil 2. The farmers are getting huge monetary
is increased through use of benefit by not using fertilizers and
organic composts. pesticides.
3. Maintenance cost is very less for the
Impact on environment Impact on livelihood economy of Other Impacts
Nursery plantation and Training to Baidyas on use and sustainability of medicinal plants.
1. The Baidyas are 1. The Baidyas are using the herbals for 1. The community is able
collecting herbals in a the treatment of the community more to know the different
sustainable manner. actively, hence benefited herbal plants and their
2. They are also planting economically. qualities through
and preserving rare nurseries.
medicinal plants found in 2. School children are
the region. actively nurturing the
herbal plants and using
for their common uses.
Creation and coordination of Forest Protection Committees (FPCs).
1. Vast areas of destroyed 1. Due to forest protection the 1. It has provided scope
forest land have been community is getting more NTFPs. for social bonding
regenerated. among the community
2. About 1525 Acres of as they realize the
existing forest areas are importance of their
well protected from the forest.
intruders. 2. Better coordination has
3. New plantations are developed between the
taking place to increase neighbor villages.
the forest land.
OBJECTIVE OF SGP PROJECT BY USS
Utilize the unutilized and under utilized natural
resources like land and water to meet their
livelihood and development requirement in a
Ensure food security by promoting sustainable
agriculture (both crop & vegetables) among the
tribal people – women specially.
Conserve and regenerate depleting natural forest
/ species and promote social forestry.
Strengthening CBOs for effective participation
and process sustainability.
Total 10 SHGs till now; seven in the five old villages
and three in 3 new villages.
Before borrowing from the landlords and riches of
the nearby villages at 7-10 % interest/month.
Serving the lender free of cost.
Had to keep some valuable things as guarantees .
After saving money through SHGs, they are getting
loans from this savings at 3% interest/month
without any guarantee.
Rules and regulations have been prescribed for the
All activities promoted through SHGs to strengthen
Before lands were not plain and unfit for
cultivation leading to dependency on
As part of the SGP project, about 92.29
Acres of land have been developed for
Total 70 farmers have been benefited
through land development activity.
Out of them 18 farmers were met and the
details are provided below.
Total developed Land
Village Name No of Farmers Total Area of Land Developed (In Acres)
Land Leveling Bonding & Gully
Purnachandrapur 14 4.8 15.77
Kolha 26 15 16.5
Genjasahi 9 4.04 12.94
Haridapal 10 5.79 5.64
Bhalumara 11 7.37 4.44
Total 70 37 55.29
Name of Farmer Village Area of Land Return from these lands (In Rs)/Year
Before After Development
Lilabati Mahanta Genjasahi 1 2000 3500
Malati Mahanta Genjasahi 0.75 3000 4000
Pratima Mahanta Genjasahi 2.5 0 3000
Surendra Mahanta Genjasahi 2.5 0 20000
Anand Ku Mahanta Purnachandrapur 3.5 10000 12500
Subhasini Mahanta Purnachandrapur 1 7500 10000
NB: All calculations Rebati Mahanta Purnachandrapur 1 5000 7500
are at current
Aasamani Mahanta Purnachandrapur 0.25 1500 2500
market price. Scale:
50 KG of Paddy = Rs Netramani Mahanta Purnachandrapur 0.5 3000 5000
500. Rama Ch Mahanta Purnachandrapur 2.5 0 10000
Debendra Hembram Bhalumara 2.5 1000 10000
Nakula Mahanta Bhalumara 0.5 4000 6000
Krushna Ch Pradhan Kolha 3.5 2500 10500
Kolha Pradhan Kolha 1.5 5000 7500
Poka Pradhan Kolha 0.5 2000 3000
Indramani Mahanta Haridapal 1.5 5000 7500
Bharat Mahanta Haridapal 1 5000 7500
Chintamani Mahanta Haridapal 0.5 2000 4000
Return from these lands
15000 (In Rs)/Year Before
Return from these lands
10000 (In Rs)/Year After
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Better Farming of 5 other
IRRIGATION Sreema Seeds
Activity Cost (In Rs) Revenue (In Profit (In Rs)
Name Land Size
Water Supply Nil 31500 31500
Haridapal 20 to Sreema
Bhalumara 15 Pisciculture 1000 8000 7000
Duckery 1200 760 (440)
Total 2200 40260 38060
COST ANALYSIS OF POND
Cost (In Rs)
Revenue (In Rs)
Profit (In Rs)
Water Suply to Pisciculture Duckery Total
Pisciculture has been promoted in the SGP project for the 44
families not having farming lands.
Initially it has been implemented in three ponds. The cost
analysis of this is presented below.
5000 Cost Cost
4000 Revenue Revenue
1 2 3 1 2 3
Training on Organic Farming (300)
Crops Harmful to Health Healthy Crops
Farmer’s Name Rama Chandra Mahanta
Farm Land 3 Acres
Cultivation Paddy, Bitter-Gourd, Tomato,
Brinjal, Ladiesfinger, Maize etc.
Out of money gained in 3 years from Has built a Pucca Building and Well
farming of Brinjal & Bitter-Gourd
Rest Money from other farmings Utilized for home expenses.
Cost of Building Rs 1,29,000
Cost of Well Rs 30,000
Extra Sales last year. 80 KG of Bitter-Gourd
Certification Best farmer of Jajpur district in
Agro Service Centre
AGRO Service Centre
Impact on Environment Impact on Livelihood Economy of Other Impacts
1. Dependency on forest is decreased 1. Community is getting food at 1. Extra income has improved the
due to agriculture, hence forest its own. living standard of the community as
degradation is reduced. 2. Labor cost during crop they are spending for their welfare.
2. Productivity of the soil has collection has reduced by half 2. It has encouraged the community
increased. of the earlier due to lesser for intensive farming.
3. Due to agriculture, food security is grasses. 3. Nearby villages have replicated this
sustained. 3. Developed lands are providing activity seeing the results.
4. Underutilized natural resources; extra crop, hence extra income
land and water are efficiently by sale.
1. Productivity of the soil is increased. 1. More use of organic composts 1. Produced crops and vegetables are
2. Lesser use of chemical fertilizers means lower cost of farming as good for health due to lesser use of
means lesser harm to environment. these are locally prepared. chemicals.
2. Wastes are properly utilized.
1. Environmental awareness has been 1. Getting loans at lesser interest 1. Due to savings, they are spending
generated among the community. than before. for their prosperities such as study
2. Savings implies more of their children.
monetary security. 2. It has increased the social bonding
3. Getting loans and other among the women.
benefits provided by 3. They are getting outer knowledge.
government. 4. Their leadership and management
skills have improved.
Impact on Environment Impact on Livelihood Economy of the Other Impacts
Pond & Pisciculture
1. Water resource is sustainably 1. Getting incomes from fish farming 1. Community has learnt the business
utilized. and duck rearing. skills.
2. Lands are watered properly 2. Getting incomes from sale of excess 2. Community is getting water for
ensuring food security. water. various uses such as bathing.
3. Biodiversity is conserved. 3. Watering of farmlands at no cost. 3. Have developed management skills.
1. Food security is ensured. 1. People are getting grain at lower 1. It has developed saving attitude in
interest rates. the community.
2. Through saving they are generating 2. It has developed management skills
more profits. of the community.
Agro Service Centre
1. Farming has become more 1. Cost of borrowing agro equipments 1. Time consumption for agriculture
efficient, hence dependency on has reduced. has reduced.
forest is reduced. 2. SHGs are generating incomes by
providing equipments on rent.
1. Plantation means conservation of 1. Community can get fruits at no cost. 1. It has improved the food habits of
environment. 2. It will generate income through sale the community.
2. More oxygen is exerted into of fruits. 2. People can get more vitamins
atmosphere. through these fruits.
1. Vegetable cultivation has 1. Community is getting vegetables on 1. People are getting more nutritional
conserved the biodiversity. their own for consumption. foods.
2. Vegetable seeds are preserved 2. Generating income through sale of 2. Has inhibited vegetable
through farming. excess vegetables. consumption in the community.
3. Food security is ensured. 3. Waste land is efficiently utilized.
A total of 18 schools in Bhubaneswar were
visited in the preliminary phase of KBPA
Voting in 14 schools has been completed.
Rest couldn’t be due to exams n early Vacations.
In 11 schools direct interaction with the
students was held through workshops.
The impacts of the campaign are listed as
The students really felt the situation regarding climate
change and expressed their concern for the same.
The teachers too expressed their concern and cooperated
in explaining the measures to check the climate change.
The Pick Right component was highly appreciated.
The students choose proven and famous leaders such as
Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Azad, Sachin Tendulkar, Naveen
Pattanaik and others as their choice for ambassador to
spread the message of climate change.
DETAILS OF THE SCHOOLS VISITED
Date of Preliminary Date of Voting No of Students
Sl No School Name
Phase Phase Voted
1 Kalinga Vidyapitha 27 Feb 2009 15 Apr 2009 66
2 Vivekananda Shiksha Kendra 27 Feb 2009 11 Apr 2009 82
3 Govt. High School, Unit- 6 2 Mar 2009 17 Apr 2009 93
Govt. High School, Power
4 3 Mar 2009 15 Apr 2009 61
House Colony, Unit-8
Prabhujee English Medium
5 4 Mar 2009 13 Apr 2009 121
Chintamaniswar Girls High
6 6 Mar 2009 9 Apr 2009 74
Chintamaniswar Girls UP
7 6 Mar 2009 9 Apr 2009 21
M C Govt. High School,
8 6 Mar 2009 9 Apr 2009 228
Buxi Jagabandhu English
9 6 Mar 2009 8 Apr 2009 48
10 Govt. High School, Unit-1 7 Mar 2009 11 Apr 2009 170
11 Govt. Girls High School, Unit-1 7 Mar 2009 17 Apr 2009 218
12 Govt. Girls High School, Unit-9 7 Mar 2009 13 Apr 2009 228
Children's Centre of Integral
13 7 Mar 2009 8 Apr 2009 36
14 Indira English Medium School 18 Apr 2009 18 Apr 2009 NA
No of Students Voted
No of Students Voted
Explaining KBPA Process Distributing Voting Slips
Students Listening Explaining Pick Right Actions