Forming Possessives of Nouns• When checking to see if you need to form a possessive noun, follow this example: - The girls’ purse = The purse of a girl• If the noun after “of” is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then an apostrophe is not needed. For example: - Seat of a car = Car seat
When you need to make a possessive noun, follow theserules:oAdd’s to the singular word (even When you have a word that is plural, when ending in –s): proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the “s”- The woman’s house • - The Thompsonses’ food was good. Add ‘s to the last noun to show jointAdd ‘s to the end of compound possession of an object:words: - Melissa and Candy’s apartment.• - My sister-in-law’s cat.
Showing omission of letters• When using a apostrophe to create a contraction, place apostrophe where the omitted letter(s) would go. For Instance: Don’t = do not I’m = I am He’ll = he will Who’s = who is Shouldn’t = Should not Didn’t = did not Could’ve = could have
Forming plurals of lowercase letters:• Apostrophes are also used to form plurals of letters which appear in lowercase “Three ps” versus “three p’s”. To make lowercase letters plural, place’s after letter.• Three iphone 4gs = Three of the ipone model 4g.• - There are three 4gs operating within the iphone.• The 1990s = The year in decade from 1990 to 1999.• - Gansta rap was popular during the 1990s.• - During the ’90s, Etnies skate shoes were popular.
Don’t use apostrophes for personal pronouns, the relative pronoun who, or for noun plurals.• When using a possessive pronoun no apostrophe is needed. For example: Words such as its, yours and her are all possessive pronouns but, words such as anyone, no one and anybody can be made possessive. • Wrong: his’ bike • Correct: his bike • Correct: one’s bike • Correct: anybody’s bike
R emember:• Its vs. It’s have different meanings:• (it’s) is a contraction for “it is”• (its) is a possessive pronoun “belonging to it”• Wrong: He waited for two hours’ to see Twilight.• Correct: He waited for two hours to see Twilight.
P roofreading for apostrophes:After finishing your paper, this would be a good time to go backand proofread. Use the strategies listed below to help youproofread for apostrophes: If you tend to leave out apostrophes, check every word that ends in –s or –es to see if it needs an apostrophe. If you put in too many apostrophes, check every apostrophe to see if you can justify it with a rule for using apostrophes.