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Ch 10 bio 120


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Ch 10 bio 120

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Statement Brittany P Bio 120 WW10
  2. 2. The female sex cell is an ovum.
  3. 3. Ovum ● The ovum is a haploid gamete ○ It only has a single set of chromosomes ● It develops in the ovary before being released into the fallopian tubes
  4. 4. Ovum ● The ova has only 12-24 hours to be fertilized by a sperm before it begins to degenerate ● If fertilized, the ova divides until it becomes a morula and eventually an embryo ● If unfertilized, the ova will eventually be eliminated during menstruation
  5. 5. The three stages of delivery and labor are the dilation stage, the expulsion stage, and the placental stage.
  6. 6. First Stage: Dilation ● This is the longest stage of labor ● It starts once the cervix begins dilating ● It ends once it is fully dilated at 10 cm ● Has three substages ○ Latent: cervix is 0-3 or 4 cm ○ Active: cervix is 4-8 cm ○ Transition: cervix is 8-10 cm
  7. 7. Second Stage: Expulsion ● Begins when the cervix is fully dilated ● Finishes once the infant has fully passed through the birthing canal and is born ● Can last from 20 minutes to 2 hours
  8. 8. Third Stage: Placental ● Shortest stage of labor ● Begins once child is born ● Ends once placenta has detached and passed through the vagina ● Can last a few minutes to 20 minutes
  9. 9. One of the largest terms used in medical terminology refers to the removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and uterine tubes. This term is total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
  10. 10. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy-bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy ● Used to treat cancer and other gynecological diseases once other treatments have failed ● Women who have not begun menopause will after the surgery ● The space where the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and cervix once were will be filled by the intestines
  11. 11. Incisions for the procedure can either be low across the abdomen or vertical
  12. 12. Risks ● Blood clots ● Infection ● Hemorrhaging ● Early onset of menopause ● Damage to other organs in close proximity ● Death
  13. 13. Works Cited ● ● ● ● "Hysterectomy Surgery, Procedure, and Complications - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. 30 Oct. 2013 <http://www.medicinenet. com/hysterectomy/article.htm>. "The Ovum." The Ovum-Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body. 30 Oct. 2013 <>. "Stages of Childbirth." American Pregnancy Association. 30 Oct. 2013 <>. "Total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy." Juravinski Cancer Center. May 2010. Hamilton Health Sciences. 30 Oct. 2013 <total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy>.