Learning HTML - ILEAD USA

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Learning HTML - ILEAD USA

  1. 1. HTML ILEAD USA Brian Pichman @bpichman
  2. 2. HTML = Hypertext Markup Language • Displays web pages in a web browser. • Web browsers use the tags to interpret the content of the page. • HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (e.g., <html>) • Tags most commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1>
  3. 3. Before we learn HTML… • A “website” is a collection of “webpages” – A webpage is PAGENAME.HTML in an HTML site – Your home page should always be index.html • Technically www.yoursitename.com is actually www.yoursitename.com/index.html – Webpages are linked together through “hyperlinks” • A website is stored on a server. – A Server has an IP Address (10.231.231.21) and a DNS translates www.yoursitename.com to that Address
  4. 4. This is typically at index.html
  5. 5. Color As A Code http://colorschemedesigner.com
  6. 6. What Does HTML Code Look Like?
  7. 7. What Does HTML Code Look Like? www.circtech.net
  8. 8. <html> <head> <title>Learning Sites</title> </head> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html> The <html> element defines what the website is loading (whether it be an HTML site or PHP, etc) Important: Save your home page as: index.html
  9. 9. <html> <head> <title>Learning Sites</title> </head> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html> The <head> element must include a title for the document, and can include scripts, styles, meta information etc. It lets the browser know what to load Scripts (Like JQUERY) are called in the “Head” Tag
  10. 10. <html> <head> <title>Learning Sites</title> </head> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html> The <body> element must includes the content on the physical page. If you are using scripts, you can call the placement of the scripts in the body element. Here is where most of the “actual coding” takes place
  11. 11. Why is this important • Learning the foundations of HTML (its syntax, code attributes, ordering of code) helps: – You read web code (people typically use templates) – For Content Management Systems (Drupal, Omeka, Word Press)
  12. 12. Basic HTML Body Tags Formatting Text Tags o <h1> Creates the largest headline/heading o <h6> Creates the smallest headline/heading o <b> or <strong>,Creates bold text / words o <i> or <em> Creates italic text / words o <font size="3"></font> Sets size of font, from 1 to 7 o <font color="green"></font> Sets font color, using name or hex value o <blockquote> Indents text from both sides
  13. 13. Basic HTML Body Tags Formatting Paragraphs Tags o <p>Creates a new paragraph o <p align="left"> Aligns a paragraph to the left (default), right, or center. o <br> Inserts a line break o <ol>Creates a numbered list o <ul>Creates a bulleted list o <li>Precedes each list item, and adds a number or symbol depending upon the type of list selected o <hr /> Inserts a horizontal rule o <hr size="3" /> Sets size (height) of rule o <hr width="80%" /> Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value o <hr noshade /> Creates a rule without a shadow
  14. 14. Media HTML Tags Picture Tags o <img src="name"> Adds an image o <img src="name" align="left"> Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle o <img src="name" border="1"> Sets size of border around an image URL Tags o <a href="URL">NAME OF LINK</a> Creates a hyperlink o <a href="mailto:EMAIL">NAME OF LINK</a> Creates a mailto link o <a href="#NAME"></a> Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document (Defining A Book Mark) o <a name="NAME"></a> Creates a target location within a document
  15. 15. Basic Table Tags Formatting Paragraphs Tags Tables • <table></table> Creates a table • <tr></tr> Sets off each row in a table • <td></td> Sets off each cell in a row • <th></th> Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text) Table Attributes • <table border="1"> Sets width of border around table cells • <table cellspacing="1"> Sets amount of space between table cells • <table cellpadding="1"> Sets amount of space between a cell’s border and its contents • <table width="500" or "80%"> Sets width of table, in pixels or as a percentage of document width • <tr align="left"> or <td align="left"> Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right) • <tr valign="top"> or <td valign="top"> Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom) • <td colspan="2"> Sets number of columns a cell should span (default=1) • <td rowspan="4"> Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1) • <td nowrap> Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit
  16. 16. Not closing your tags (</TAG>) can ruin your site
  17. 17. Practice Coding http://www.codecademy.com/courses/html-one-o-one/0/1
  18. 18. A Quick Bit About CSS • CSS = Cascading Style Sheets – You can set what “Style” <h1> or <font=1> should be instead of the default sizes / colors. – It can also set the layout of the site, backgrounds, different regions (called <div>’s) – CSS are basically your “template design” • There are free webpage templates available. Google “FREE HTML WEB TEMPLATES”
  19. 19. What’s HTML5 • HTML5 is the latest version of HTML. It – Removes the need for flash objects – Uses “responsive design” – Makes using CSS easier; predefined elements
  20. 20. You Mentioned Scripts? • Check out “DynamicDrive.Com” http://www.dynamicdrive.com/dynamicindex10 /matrixeffect.htm#.UjpxXMbbN8E
  21. 21. Live Demos
  22. 22. Stay In Contact! • Brian Pichman – bpichman@evolveproject.org • Download Your Slides:

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