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Bengkel Metadata, RDA & Hyperlink PUiTM 2010
Anjuran : BPBPT PTAR
Tarikh : 5 April 2010
Tempat : Bilik Seminar PTAR 1
Penceramah : Pn.Hamidah Abdul Rahman
Jawatan: Senior Lecturer

Published in: Education
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  1. 1. RESOURCE DESCRIPTION AND ACCESS (RDA) : AN INTRODUCTION TO CATALOGUING IN THE 21ST CENTURY<br />Presented by:<br />Hamidahbt. HJ. A. Rahman<br />Senior Lecturer<br />Faculty of Information Management<br />UiTMPuncakPerdana Campus<br />40150 Shah Alam<br />SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN<br />4/5/2010<br />1<br />
  2. 2. 4/5/2010<br />2<br />What is RDA?<br />Resource Description and Access<br />A content standard for:<br />Describing resources<br />Enabling access to resource descriptions <br />Based on AACR2 but not AACR3<br />Defines what goes into a catalogue record but not how it is encoded or displayed<br />
  3. 3. 4/5/2010<br />3<br />Some Related Standards<br />FRBR = a entity-relational model of the data required to find, identify, select and obtain resources<br />ISBD = rules that organise the display of a bibliographic description of an item in a catalogue<br />MARC = communication and exchange format providing a structure for encoding the content of bibliographic and authority data<br />Dublin Core = metadata schema<br />
  4. 4. 4/5/2010<br />4<br />FRBR<br />Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records<br />IFLA study; report published 1998<br />Entity-relationship model that defines:<br />Tasks: find, identify, select, obtain<br />Resource relationships:work, expression, manifestation, item<br />Entities: people, corporate bodies<br />Entities: concepts, objects, events, places<br />
  5. 5. 4/5/2010<br />5<br />ISBDs<br />International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions<br />Developed 1969 onwards by IFLA<br />Defined seven areas of description and their order<br />Title<br />Statement of Responsibility<br />Edition<br />Resource specific information<br />Publication details<br />Physical description<br />Series information<br />Notes and standard identifiers<br />
  6. 6. 4/5/2010<br />6<br />AACR<br />Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules<br />A content standard for bibliographic description and access<br />Bibliographic – not just books<br />Built on other, earlier sets of rules<br />Key principles<br />One principle entry per resource<br />Catalogue from item in hand<br />Chief source of information<br />
  7. 7. 4/5/2010<br />7<br />AACR / RDA timeline<br />1967 UK and US editions<br />1978 Second unified edition - consistent with ISBDs. Several later revisions issued.<br />1997 Toronto conference on AACR2<br />1998 FRBR study<br />2004 Start work on AACR3<br />2005 Develop RDA not AACR3<br />2009 RDA launch (provisional)<br />
  8. 8. 4/5/2010<br />8<br />AACR 2<br />Part 1: Description<br />Chapter 1: General rules<br />Chapters 2 -12: Resource-type-specific rules<br />Chapter 13: Analytic entries<br />Part 2: Headings, Uniform Titles, References<br />Chapter 21: Choice of access points<br />Chapters 22 – 26: Construction of access points<br />Appendices<br />A: Capitalisation, B: Abbreviations, C: Numerals,D: Glossary, E: Initial articles<br />
  9. 9. 4/5/2010<br />9<br />What’s wrong with AACR?<br />Increasingly complex<br />Lack of logical structure<br />Mixing content and carrier data<br />Hierarchical relationships missing<br />Anglo-American centric viewpoint<br />Written before FRBR<br />Not enough support for collocation<br />Unclear relationship with MARC Format<br />
  10. 10. 4/5/2010<br />10<br />RDA – The Aims<br />Rules should be easy to use and interpret <br />Be applicable to an online, networked environment<br />Provide effective bibliographic control for all types of media<br />Encourage use beyond the library community<br />Be compatible with other similar standards<br />Have a logical structure based on internationally agreed principles<br />Separate content and carrier data<br />Examples – more of them, more appropriate<br />
  11. 11. 4/5/2010<br />11<br />Who is working on RDA?<br />Joint Steering Committee (JSC)<br />1 representative each from:ACOC, ALA, BL, CCC, CILIP, LC<br />JSC reps consult with their ‘constituency’<br />In UK, CILIP/BL Committee on RDA plus specialist groups (e.g. Rare Books Group, IAML(UK & Ireland) ) <br />RDA Editor: Tom Delsey<br />RDA Project Manager: Marjorie Bloss<br />
  12. 12. 4/5/2010<br />12<br />And also<br />Task focused working groups<br />RDA GMD/SMD Working Group<br />RDA and ONIX Initiative<br />RDA Examples Working Groups<br />and<br />DCMI RDA Task Group<br />
  13. 13. 4/5/2010<br />13<br />How is RDA being developed?<br />Draft – (responses – revised drafts – further responses, etc.) – acceptance<br />Latest draft released 17 Nov. 2008;responses to date from:<br />ACOC, ALA, BL, CCC, CILIP, LC<br />France, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden<br />ISSN International Centre <br />Final product – the publishers (ALA, CILIP, CLA)<br />
  14. 14. 4/5/2010<br />14<br />RDA Timeline<br />2005<br />Prospectus issued<br />Draft of chapters relating to description<br />Content and carrier studies<br />2006 and 2007<br />Further drafts of chapters on description and access<br />Work on appendices and glossary<br />2008<br />Draft issued in PDF format in November<br />2009<br />First public view of online product – late February 2009?<br />June 2010 – Publication ready?<br />
  15. 15. 4/5/2010<br />15<br />RDA Outline Structure<br />Introduction<br />Attributes<br />Sections 1 to 4 (chapters 1 to 16)<br />Relationships <br />Sections 5 to 10 (chapters 17 to 37)<br />Appendices A to M<br />Glossary<br />
  16. 16. 4/5/2010<br />16<br />What will RDA look like? - 1<br />Section 1: Recording manifestation and item attributes<br />Ch. 1 General guidelines<br />Ch. 2 Identifying manifestations and items<br />Ch. 3 Describing carriers (technical description)<br />Ch. 4 Providing acquisition and access information (terms of availability, etc.)<br />
  17. 17. 4/5/2010<br />17<br />What will RDA look like? - 2<br />Section 2: Recording attributes of work and expression<br />Ch. 5 General guidelines (incl. construction of access points for works and expressions)<br />Ch. 6 Identifying works and expressions (e.g. uniform and collective titles, etc.)<br />Ch. 7 Describing additional attributes of works and expressions (incl. nature and coverage of content, intended audience, etc.)<br />
  18. 18. 4/5/2010<br />18<br />What will RDA look like? - 3<br />Section 3: Ch. 8, 9, 10, 11Recording attributes of person, family and corporate body (= name headings)<br />Section 4: Ch. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16Recording attributes of concept, object, event and place (= subject headings)<br />Section 5: Ch. 17Recording primary relationships between work, expression, manifestation and item<br />Section 6: Ch. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22Recording relationships to persons, families and corporate bodies associated with a resource<br />
  19. 19. 4/5/2010<br />19<br />What will RDA look like? – 4<br />Section 7: Ch. 23Recording subject relationships<br />Section 8: Ch. 24, 25, 26, 27, 28Recording relationships between works, expressions, manifestations and items<br />Section 9: Ch. 29, 30, 31, 32Recording relationships between persons, families and corporate bodies<br />Section 10: Ch. 33, 34, 35, 36, 37Recording relationships between concepts, objects, events and places<br />
  20. 20. 4/5/2010<br />20<br />What will RDA look like? - 5<br /><ul><li>Appendices</li></ul>A: Capitalisation<br />B: Abbreviations<br />C: Initial articles<br />D: Record syntaxes for descriptive data (ISBD, M21, DC)<br />E: Record syntaxes for access point control data<br />F: Additional instructions on names of persons<br />G: Titles of nobility, rank, etc.<br />H: Conversion of dates to Gregorian calendar<br />J, K, L, M: Relationship designators<br />Glossary<br />Index<br />
  21. 21. 4/5/2010<br />21<br />Using RDA<br />First analyse the resource being described<br />What is the content type?<br />Held in what carrier form?<br />Which audience is it intended for or primarily used by?<br />To what other resources is it related?<br />To which persons, families or corporate bodies is it related?<br />To what concepts, events and places is it related?<br />
  22. 22. 4/5/2010<br />22<br />One rule for all …<br />Mostly:<br />Rules apply to all content types<br />Rules apply to all media types<br />With<br />Examples of application to specific content and media<br />Occasionally:<br />Rules apply to specific materials or contexts<br />
  23. 23. 4/5/2010<br />23<br />Words, words, words …<br />Can look opaque or ‘going round in circles’<br />Trying to avoid reference to specific content and carriers<br />Hope to improve wording over time<br />“Use as the preferred source ofinformation a source forming part of the resource itself that is appropriate to (a) the type of description and (b) the presentation format of the resource”<br />Means:<br />Comprehensive or analytical description<br />Multiple pieces, early print, moving images, or ‘all other materials’<br />
  24. 24. 4/5/2010<br />24<br />RDA – What will it be?<br />Initially an online resource<br />Complete text<br />Pricing, subscription, etc. - still not decided<br />Potentially:<br />Concise text<br />Tailored texts (law, music, serials, etc.)<br />Training resource<br />Incorporated into LMS cataloguing modules<br />Loose-leaf print version(s)<br />
  25. 25. 4/5/2010<br />25<br />Beyond RDA<br />RDA aims to be:<br />Independent of communication formats<br />UNIMARC, MARC, MARCXML, MODS/MADS<br />DC, EAD, ISBD, VRA, MPEG7<br />Compatible / better aligned with other similar standards, for example:<br />Archives: ISAD(G)<br />Museums: Cataloguing Cultural Objects<br />
  26. 26. 4/5/2010<br />26<br />RDA and MARC 21<br />Mapping RDA and MARC 21<br />Report issued in Nov. 2006 and discussed at MARBI Midwinter 2007<br />How will RDA impact on MARC 21?<br />New fields / subfields now being added <br />How will MARC 21 impact on RDA?<br />Identification of data provisions in MARC 21 that were not in early draft of RDA<br />This fed into RDA development process<br />
  27. 27. 4/5/2010<br />27<br />Looking into the crystal ball<br />FRBR<br />Potential influence on development of cataloguing systems<br />Authority records, uniform titles, work records<br />OPACs<br />Multiple interfaces for different audiences<br />Enhance for accessibility - supports all users<br />Links (actual resources, restrictions, supporting or associated resources)<br />RDA<br />Use outside the library domain <br />
  28. 28. Any Questions?<br />http://www.catalogingfutures.com/catalogingfutures/rda-online/<br />http://www.rdaonline.org/<br />4/5/2010<br />28<br />