Ubuntu karmic (English)


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Public Linux introduction conference held in October 2009 (Release of Ubuntu Karmic) in Kerman Province, Mohamad ARAB (boynux) was main lecturer.
Thanks to Didehbannet Co. Ltd. made this happen.

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Ubuntu karmic (English)

  1. 1. On the occasion of Ubuntu GNU/LinuxUbuntu GNU/Linux 9.109.10 release
  2. 2. GNU
  3. 3. GNU  GNU (Gnu is Not Unix)  Software development started in 1984.  Tools to create ”Free” software including OS, Programming languages & Applications  Freedom to Distribute, Change, Study, Copy, …  However you cannot change the license if it is software under GPL.
  4. 4. Open Source  'Open source' concept was existing from years ago.  In the early years of automative development, a group of manufacturers owned the license of engines, but this monopolicy broken in 1911.  ARPANET used the same concept to develope network telecomunication protocols which is started in 1960 and led to birth of the Internet in 1969.  Netscape in 1998 announced the source code realese for ”Navigator”.
  5. 5. Tux the penguin, mascot of Linux
  6. 6. GNU/Linux  GNU/Linux is a general name for any OS based on Linux Kernel & GNU.  GNU/Linux is one of greatest collections of ”Free” and ”Open-Source” software.  Linux name is actually comes from Linux-Kernel  Linux-Kernel development started by Linux Torvalds in 1991.  GNU/Linux name is pomoted by Free Software Foundation (FSF)
  7. 7. GNU/Linux  GNU/Linux specifically is very famous because of ”Linux Servers”.  GNU/Linux is installable on various computer hardware, embeded systems, cellphones, wrist watches and even super computers.  GNU/Linux now a days is popular among desktop and notebook computer users.  Ubuntu distibution has the largest desktop and specially notebook installations.
  8. 8.  Is a 'Free' Unix-like operating sysem, developed by 'Brekeley Software Distribution'  Known as unknown 'Free OS' gaint.  Is not Unix, but behaviour, internal structure and API is very similar to Unix.  Is a full-featured OS.  Works on most common CPUs and Hardware.  Most Linux software run on BSD FreeBSD/OpenBSD
  9. 9. Copyright/GPL  GNU - General Public License  Most of GNU software released under GPL.  This license obliges developers to release source code along software binary.  Most GNU/Linux libraries are released under LGPL  LGPL: Lesser GNU General Public License.  Linux Kernel released under GPL v2 license.  Lastest GPL license version is 3
  10. 10. Linux Distros  Prior to the release of first GNU/Linux distributions, GNU/Linux users should be a professional Unix user.  GNU/Linux distributions created after first GNU/Linux bundles developed by other than Linux- Kernel developer.  GNU/Linux attracted users to be replacement for proprietary OS like: Windows, MS-DOS, Mac-OS.  GNU/Linux is attractive mainly because of Stability, Low-cost and free access to source codes.
  11. 11. Linux Distros  First GNU/Linux distros:  Boot-root, MMC Interim Linux, TAMU, SLS, Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X  Yggdrasil is the first GNU/Linux released on CD-ROM  SLS (Softlanding Linux System)  Slackware distro developed based on GNU/Linux, is the oldest distro still active.
  12. 12. Linux Distros  Some of famous GNU/Linux distros:  Arch Linux  CentOS (Based on RedHat)  Debian  Fedora (Owned by Red Hat Co.)  Gentoo (For power users)  gOS (Netbook)  Knoppix (First live CD, Based on Debian)  Kubuntu (KDE Version of Ubuntu)  Linux Mint (Based on Ubuntu)
  13. 13. Linux Distros  Mandriva (Base on RedHat, famous in France and Brazil)  MontaVista Linux  OpenGEU (Based on Ubuntu)  OpenSUSE (based on Slackware)  Oracle Enterprise Linux (Based on RedHat)  Pardus (Developed in Turky)  PCLinuxOS (Based on Mandriva)  RedHat Enterprise Linux (Based on Fedora)  Sabayon Linux (Based on Gentoo)  SimplyMEPIS (Based on Gentoo)
  14. 14. Linux Distros  Slackware (one of first linux distros, founded in 1993)  Ubuntu (Based on Debian)  Ubuntu Netbook remix (Specially for Netbooks)  Xubuntu (Xfce version of Ubuntu)
  15. 15. Thanks Any Questions? Mohamad ARAB Summer 2009 / Kerman Special thanks to Didehbannet Co. sponsoring this conference.