Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia

  1. 1. Schizophrenia By: Emily Boyles
  2. 2. What is Schizophrenia?● Severe disabling brain condition● Patients struggle with functioning in normal everyday life: ○ Problems distinguishing between real and imagined experiences ○ Difficulty thinking/speaking logically ○ Lack social skills ○ Experience extreme paranoia● With medication and treatment schizophrenics can be relieved from many of their symptoms, but still must learn to cope with some for the rest of their life.
  3. 3. What causes Schizophrenia?● There is no specific cause of schizophrenia, but there are contributing factors: ○ Family ■ Those with second degree relative are more likely to get schizophrenia than the general public ■ 10% of people with 1st degree relative ■ Identical twins at 40-60% ■ Cant tell if someone will have schizophrenia by their genes ○ Environment ■ Viruses ■ Malnutrition ■ Birth Complications ■ Psychosocial Contributions
  4. 4. Symptoms:● Hallucinations● Delusions● Trouble creating and sharing logical thoughts● Incoordination● Inability to plan● Depression● Trouble interpreting others faces/actions● No critical thinking skills and decision making skills● Inability to pay attention and use recently learned information
  5. 5. Diagnosis:● Many symptoms makes up Schizophrenia, not just one or two● According to the DSM-IV a person must show signs of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior, and negative symptoms for at least one month
  6. 6. TreatmentCommon Antipsychotic Medication:● Do not cure schizophrenia. Only relieves some symptoms ○ Chlorpromazine ○ Haloperidol ○ Perphenazine ○ Fluphenazine● Everyone reacts to medication differently, additional medication can be given. Initial symptoms that usually diminish after a few days include: ○ Drowsiness ○ Dizziness when changing positions ○ Blurred vision ○ Rapid heartbeat ○ Sensitivity to the sun ○ Skin rashes
  7. 7. Treatment:Antipsychotic Medication:● Use of antipsychotics increases the risk of diabetes, heart attack,septicemia and other health risks● Very important for patients to take medication regularly● The symptom of loss of white blood cell requires patients to get regular blood tests
  8. 8. Psychotherapy:Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-● Therapists test their patients reality● Identify and change dysfunctional behaviors, thoughts, and expression of emotion● Teaches patients to not listen to hallucinationsInterpersonal Therapy-● Therapists link their patients interactions to psychotic symptoms● Focuses on the unconscious and unresolved issues● Teaches social functioning
  9. 9. Works Cited American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic andstatistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.).Washington, DC: Author. Canberk. Powerpoint Background. N.d. Blogspot. N.p., 10July 2011. Web. 28 May 2012. <http://pptbackgroundtemplate.blogspot.com/2011/07/dna-poeerpoint-ppt-background.html>. Schizophrenia Brain. N.d.Schizophrenia. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2012. <http://www.schizophrenia.com/sz.images/szbrainloss.gif>Schizophrenia Causes, Symptoms, Signs, Diagnosis, andTreatments. N.p.: U.S. Department of Healthand Human Services, 2012. Print.

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