What is Schizophrenia?● Severe disabling brain condition● Patients struggle with functioning in normal everyday life: ○ Problems distinguishing between real and imagined experiences ○ Difficulty thinking/speaking logically ○ Lack social skills ○ Experience extreme paranoia● With medication and treatment schizophrenics can be relieved from many of their symptoms, but still must learn to cope with some for the rest of their life.
What causes Schizophrenia?● There is no specific cause of schizophrenia, but there are contributing factors: ○ Family ■ Those with second degree relative are more likely to get schizophrenia than the general public ■ 10% of people with 1st degree relative ■ Identical twins at 40-60% ■ Cant tell if someone will have schizophrenia by their genes ○ Environment ■ Viruses ■ Malnutrition ■ Birth Complications ■ Psychosocial Contributions
Symptoms:● Hallucinations● Delusions● Trouble creating and sharing logical thoughts● Incoordination● Inability to plan● Depression● Trouble interpreting others faces/actions● No critical thinking skills and decision making skills● Inability to pay attention and use recently learned information
Diagnosis:● Many symptoms makes up Schizophrenia, not just one or two● According to the DSM-IV a person must show signs of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior, and negative symptoms for at least one month
TreatmentCommon Antipsychotic Medication:● Do not cure schizophrenia. Only relieves some symptoms ○ Chlorpromazine ○ Haloperidol ○ Perphenazine ○ Fluphenazine● Everyone reacts to medication differently, additional medication can be given. Initial symptoms that usually diminish after a few days include: ○ Drowsiness ○ Dizziness when changing positions ○ Blurred vision ○ Rapid heartbeat ○ Sensitivity to the sun ○ Skin rashes
Treatment:Antipsychotic Medication:● Use of antipsychotics increases the risk of diabetes, heart attack,septicemia and other health risks● Very important for patients to take medication regularly● The symptom of loss of white blood cell requires patients to get regular blood tests
Psychotherapy:Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-● Therapists test their patients reality● Identify and change dysfunctional behaviors, thoughts, and expression of emotion● Teaches patients to not listen to hallucinationsInterpersonal Therapy-● Therapists link their patients interactions to psychotic symptoms● Focuses on the unconscious and unresolved issues● Teaches social functioning
Works Cited American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic andstatistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.).Washington, DC: Author. Canberk. Powerpoint Background. N.d. Blogspot. N.p., 10July 2011. Web. 28 May 2012. <http://pptbackgroundtemplate.blogspot.com/2011/07/dna-poeerpoint-ppt-background.html>. Schizophrenia Brain. N.d.Schizophrenia. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2012. <http://www.schizophrenia.com/sz.images/szbrainloss.gif>Schizophrenia Causes, Symptoms, Signs, Diagnosis, andTreatments. N.p.: U.S. Department of Healthand Human Services, 2012. Print.