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What's up with Finland's education system?

Published in: Education
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  1. 1. What’s up with Finland?
  2. 3. Pasi Sahlberg
  3. 5. Irmeli Halinen
  4. 6. Assessment is not a spreadsheet, it’s a conversation
  5. 8. Learning is done in a context and for a purpose
  6. 9. We need to reformulate learning difficulties as a problem for the curriculum rather than a problem of the child.
  7. 11. Finland Alberta sq km ~ 350,000 ~650,000 resources timber oil children in poverty 1 in 25 1 in 10 population ~ 5 million ~ 3.7 million
  8. 13. <ul><li>What has Finland *not* done: </li></ul><ul><li>increase school inspection </li></ul><ul><li>standardized testing </li></ul><ul><li>externally imposed learning standards </li></ul><ul><li>competition </li></ul><ul><li>choice </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>What has Finland done: </li></ul><ul><li>reduce class size </li></ul><ul><li>improve formative assessment practices </li></ul><ul><li>increasing teacher pay & notoriety </li></ul><ul><li>all teachers have masters degrees </li></ul><ul><li>curriculum and assessment are local responsibilities </li></ul>
  10. 15. Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  11. 16. Personalization <ul><li>Setting a clear but flexible national framework for school-based curriculum planning </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging local and individual solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Offering personal learning plans for those who have special needs </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  12. 17. Focus on creative learning <ul><li>Teaching and learning focus on deep, broad learning, giving equal value to all aspects of the growth of an individual’s personality, moral character, creativity, knowledge, and skills. </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  13. 18. Encouraging risk-taking <ul><li>School-based and teacher curricula facilitate finding novel approaches to teaching and learning, and encourage risk-taking and uncertainty in leadership, teaching and learning </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  14. 19. Learning from the past and owning innovations <ul><li>Teaching honors traditional pedagogical values, such as teacher’s professional role and relationship with students </li></ul><ul><li>Main sources of school improvement are proven good educational practices from past </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  15. 20. Shared responsibility <ul><li>Gradually building a culture of responsibility and trust within the education system that values teacher and principal professionalism in judging what is best for students </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting resources and support to schools and students who are at risk to fail or to be left behind </li></ul><ul><li>Sample-based student assessments. </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  16. 21. Teach Less, Learn More
  17. 22. Teach Less, Learn More
  18. 25. Test Less, Learn Better
  19. 27. More Equity Through Growing Diversity <ul><li>equal educational opportunities for all </li></ul><ul><li>Ability groupings abolished in1985 </li></ul><ul><li>no streaming or tracking until age 16 </li></ul><ul><li>This required teachers to employ differentiated learning for different pupils. Led to lots of PD focusing on research-based teacher education. </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  20. 28. Teacher Education <ul><li>all teachers have a masters degree </li></ul><ul><li>3 year bachelor - 2 year masters </li></ul><ul><li>one major - two minors </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 10 applicants are accepted to prepare to become a primary teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Exam scores + interview </li></ul><ul><li>teaching > doctor, lawyer, architect </li></ul>Finnish Lessons by Pasi Sahlberg
  21. 29. Random Facts <ul><li>All education is publicly financed </li></ul><ul><li>All teachers have masters degrees </li></ul><ul><li>There are no formal teacher evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>For every 45 minutes of classroom there is 15 minutes of recess </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers are not required to be at school if they have no classes </li></ul>
  22. 30. Random Facts <ul><li>Do not employ standardized census-based tests to determine their progress or success </li></ul><ul><li>No strict national standards for or descriptions of student learning </li></ul><ul><li>Spend 6 times more on teacher professional development than testing. </li></ul><ul><li>No word Finnish word for accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all graduate </li></ul>
  23. 31. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>@joe_bower </li></ul>