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TAX DEDUCTION AT  SOURCE (TDS)   OTHER THAN    SALARIES Shankar Bose, IIT   MSTU, Puri
The Indian Income Tax Act provides for chargeability of tax on the totalincome of a person on an annual basis. The quantum...
Easential features of rent are that:      1.    Payment is made under any lease, sub-lease tenance, or any            othe...
:3:           Any other profession notified by the Board for purposes of Section           44AA or of this section. Techni...
:4:   responsible for paying the income covered by these sections in duplicate in   prescribed proforma and verified showi...
:5:specify the amount of tax deducted and rate at which it is deducted.(FormNo.16A, under Rule-31). On production of this ...
:6:                Government Account within the prescribed time as specified in Rule-                30.    DUTIES OF TAX...
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Tds other than salary.bose

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Tds other than salary.bose

  1. 1. TAX DEDUCTION AT SOURCE (TDS) OTHER THAN SALARIES Shankar Bose, IIT MSTU, Puri
  2. 2. The Indian Income Tax Act provides for chargeability of tax on the totalincome of a person on an annual basis. The quantum of tax determined as perthe statutory provisions is payable as: a) Advance Tax b) Self Assessment Tax c) Tax Deducted at Source(TDS) d) Tax Collected at Source(TCS) e) Tax on Regular AssessmentTax Deducted at Source(TDS) and Tax collection at source(TCS), as the verynames imply aim at collection of revenue at the very source of income. It isessentially an indirect method of collecting tax which combines the concepts of“pay as you earn” and “collect as it is being earned”. The concept of TDS requires that the person on whom responsibility has been cast, is to deduct tax at the appropriate rates, from payments of specific nature which are being made to a specified recipient. The deducted sum is required to be deposited to the credit of the Central Government. TDS PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO NON-SALARY INCOME The statutory provision regarding deduction of the tax at source is dealt in Chapter XVII of the Income Tax Act, 1961 which gives the details of the relevant provisions of TDS, the rates and also the exemptions where no tax is to be deducted. The following items of payment are subject to tax deduction at source :- 1. Interest on securities(S.193) 2. Dividents(S.194) 3. Interest other than interest on securities(S.194A) 4. Winnings from lottery or crossword puzzles(S.194B) 5. Winnings from house race(S.194BB) 6. Payments to contractors and sub-contractors(S.194C) 7. Insurance Commission(S.194D) 8. Payments to non-resident sportsmen or sports associations(S.194E) 9. Payments in respect of deposits under National Savings Scheme etc.(S.194EE) 10. Payments on account of repurchase of units by a Mutual Fund or Unit Trust of India(S.194F) 11. Commission etc. On sale of lottery tickets(S.194G) 12. Commissions or brokerage, etc(S.194H) 13. Rent(S.194-I)
  3. 3. Easential features of rent are that: 1. Payment is made under any lease, sub-lease tenance, or any other agreement or arrangement. 2. Payment is made either for use of land or building(including factory building) (together or separately) with or without furniture, fittings and land appurtenant thereto. 3. Immaterial whether land or part of such building is owned by the person to whom rent is paid. Following points require consideration: 1. If building is let out with furniture and fittings and rent is payable under to separate agreements, composite rent is subject to tax. 2. If a non-refundable deposit is made by tenant, then TDS is applicable. 3. If refundable deposit is paid no TDS to be done, but if deposit carried interest TDS on interest will be governed by Sec.194A. 4. If municipal taxes, ground rent etc. are borne by tenant no TDS on such sum. 5. Hotel accommodation taken on regular basis by any person other than Individual/HUF will be in the nature of rent and TDS is to be done. 6. No TDS, if payee is Government or local authorities referred to in section 10(20). 7. Payee can make application to the Assessing Officer in Form 13 for a certificate for deduction of tax at lower rate or to deduct no tax. Deduction of Tax on Service Tax component of rental income vide circular No.4/2008 of CBDT dated 28.04.2008 it has been clarified that deduction U/s.194-I would be required d to be made on the amount of rent paid/payable without including the Service Tax. This is so, as Service Tax does not partake the nature of Income of the landlord.14. Fees for professional or technical services(S.194J) Professional Service means service rendered by a person in the course of carrying on any of the following professions: 1. Legal 2. Medical 3. Architectural 4. Engineering 5. Profession of accountancy 6. Technical consultancy 7. Interior decoration 8. Advertising
  4. 4. :3: Any other profession notified by the Board for purposes of Section 44AA or of this section. Technical services has the same meaning as in Explanation-2 to section 9(1).15. Payments of Compensation on acquisition of certain immovable property(S.194LA)16. Other sums. This section deals with TDS on payments being made to non-residents. For example, payments to a non-resident(not being a company) or a foreign company, of any interest(not being interest on securities) or any other sum subject to Income-tax(non- salary)(S.195)17. Income payable “net of tax” i.e. Where, under an agreement or arrangement the Income-tax is borne by the person by whom the Income is payable to assessee. This amount of income-tax would be added to the income of the assessee and the Income-tax would be deducted on the amount also(S.195A)18. Income in respect of units, as referred in Section 115AB, payable to an Offshore Fund(S.196B)19. Income from foreign currency bonds or shares of Indian company, referred to in Section 115AC.(S.196C)20. Income of Foreign Institutional Investors from securities referred to in Section 115AD. However, if capital gain arises from transfer of securities referred to in Section 115AD, no tax is deductible on payment to a Foreign Institutional Investor(S.196D)21. Section 206C prescribes collection tax at source(TCS) on specified items. The provisions of TCS apply to business of: a) Alcoholic liquor for human consumption b) Tendu leaves c) Timber obtained under a forest lease d) Timber obtained by any mode other than under a forest lease e) Any other forest produce not being timber or tendu leaves f) Scrap EXEMPTIONS Lower deduction/non-deduction of tax1. Section.197 :- Section 197 gives a right to the assessee to obtain a certificate from the Assessing Officer that tax may be deducted at a lower rate than prescribed in Sections 192, 193, 194, 194A, 194C, 194D, 194G, 195H, 194-I, 194J, 194K, 194LA and 195, by making an application. He can even apply for no deduction of Income- tax at source. Income-tax rules have prescribed from No.13, under Rule 28 for such application.2. Section.197A :- Section 197A provides that no deduction of income tax at source is to made u/s.194 or 194EE in case of an individual resident of India if the individual gives the declaration to the person
  5. 5. :4: responsible for paying the income covered by these sections in duplicate in prescribed proforma and verified showing that the tax, on his estimated total income of the year, including the income from which tax is to be deducted will be NIL. Form No.15G under Rule 29C has been prescribed for such application. 3. Section 197(1A) :- Similarly, for section 193, 194A and Section 194K, exemption u/s.197A, from deduction of tax, can be obtained by any person (except a company or a firm) on furnishing a declaration in duplicate and in prescribed proforma in a similar manner. Similarly for sections 193, 194, 194A, 194EE or 194K, exemption from TDS u/s 197A can be obtained by an individual resident in India who is of age of 65 years or more during the previous year. 4. Section 197A(1B) :- The provisions of this section shall not apply when the gross total income of the assessee from all sources exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to Income Tax.Interest to Government etc.:- Interest or dividend or any other sum payable to the Government orReserve Bank of India or a Corporation established under a Central Act or aMutual Fund specified u/s.10(23D), payable to it by way of interest or dividiendin respect of securities or shares owned by it or any other income accruing to it,is not subject to deduction of tax at source(S.196). DEPOSIT OF TAX AND CREDIT OF TDS 1. Deposit of Tax :-Where tax has been deducted under sections 193, 194, 194A, 194B, 194BB, 194C, 194D, 194E, 194EE, 194F, 194G, 194H, 194-I, 194J, 194K, 194LA, 195, 196A, 196B 196C and 196D, it is duty of the person deducting tax at source to deposit the amount or tax so deducted within the prescribed time in any branch of Reserve Bank of India or State Bank of India or any authorized band accompanied by prescribed Income tax challans as per the time limit and mode specified in Rule-30. 2. Credit of TDS :- Where taxes have been deducted at source from any payment of income receivable by an assessee, the amount of tax deducted at source whould be included in the income of the assessee while computing the income of the assessee and would be deemed to be the income received(S.198). Further, credit will be given to the assessee while calculating the net tax payable by him and the tax deducted at source will be treated as a payment of tax on his behalf. (i.e. the Central Government by the payer who has deducted the tax at source)S.199. 3. TDS Certificate:- A certificate is prescribed u/s.203, which is to be issued by person deducting tax at source. Every person deducting tax is duty bound to furnish this certificate to the person from whose income/payment the tax has been deducted. The certificate should
  6. 6. :5:specify the amount of tax deducted and rate at which it is deducted.(FormNo.16A, under Rule-31). On production of this certificate, credit u/s.199, fortax paid, will be given to the person, from whose income the tax has beendeducted, in this income-tax assessment for the assessment year in which theincome(or payment) is assessable. However where tax has been deducted or paid on or after 01.04.2010 there shall be no requirement to furnish such a certificate.4. Tax Deduction Account Number(TAN):- A person deducting tax at source, if not already allotted a TAN(or a tax deduction and collection account number) should apply for allotment of TAN in Form No.49B. The application has to be made in duplicate to the Assessing Officer(AO) or to any particular Assessing Officer where this duty is assigned by the Chief Commissioner or the Commissioner to that A.O. The application should be made within one month from the end of the month in which the tax is deducted for the first time. TAN should be quoted in all the TDS Certificates, challans, quarterly statements, correspondence, etc. Non compliance with the provisions of Section 203A may lead to rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than 3 months but which may extended to 7 years and with a fine of Rs.10,000/-. Reference Section 302A, Rule 114A Rule 114AA.5. Time Limit for Deposit of Tax :- Section 200 provides that any person, who has deducted any sum at source as provided in Section 192 to 196D, is obliged to pay the tax deducted at source to the credit of Central Government. Rule 30 of the Income-tax rules lays down the time and the mode of the payment of the tax deducted at source to the Government Account. Wherein the deduction is by or on behalf of the Government, it has to be credited to the Central Government Account on the same day. In respect of sums deducted u/s.193,194A(interest on securities), 194(payment to contractors and sub-contractors), 194D, 194E, 194G, 194H, 194-I, 194J, 195, 196A, 196B, 196C and 196D it has to be credited with one week from the last day of the month in which deduction is made. In any other cases the sum deducted at source is to be credited to the Central Government Account within a week from the last day of the month in which deduction is made. Every person responsible for deducting tax at source shall at the time of payment or credit of income, whichever is earlier, verify whether the payment being made is to be subject to deduction of tax at source. If it is so, he must deduct such tax as per the prescribed rates. Further, he is required to deposit such tax deducted in the Central
  7. 7. :6: Government Account within the prescribed time as specified in Rule- 30. DUTIES OF TAX DEDUCTOR/COLLECTOR 1. To apply for Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN) in form 49B, in duplicate at the designated TIN facilitation centers of NSDL(please see www.incometaxindia.gov.in), within one month from the end of the month in which tax was deducted. 2. To quote TAN (10 digit reformatted TAN) in all TDS/TCS challans, certificates, statements and other correspondence. 3. To deduct/collect tax at the prescribed rates at the time of every credit or payment, whichever is earlier, in respect of all liable transactions. 4. To remit the tax deducted/collected within the prescribed due dates by using challan no. ITNS 281 by quoting the TAN and relevant section of the Income-tax Act. 5. To issue TDS/TCS certificate, complete in all respects, within the prescribed time in Form No.16(TDS on salaries), 16A(other TDS) 27D( TCS). 6. To file TDS/TCS quarterly statements within the due date. 7. To mention PAN of all deductees in the TDS/TCS quarterly statements.Download TDS rates fy 2011-12 ay 12-13 with due dates & note from hereCONSEQUENCES OF DEFAULTFailure to deduct or remit TDS /TCS(full or part) • Interest :Interest at the rates in force (12% p.a.) from the date on which tax was deductible /collectible to the date of payment to Government Account is chargeable. The Finance Act 2010 amended interest rate wef 01.07.2010 and created a separate class of default in respect of tax deducted but not paid to levy interest at a higher rate of 1.5 per cent per month, i.e. 18 per cent p.a. as against 1 per cent p.m., i.e. 12 per cent p.a., applicable in case the tax is deducted late after the due date. The rationale behind this amendment is that the tax once deducted belongs to the government and the person withholding the same needs to be penalized by charging higher rate of interest Penalty equal to the tax that was failed to be deducted/collected or remitted is leviable. • In case of failure to remit the tax deducted/collected, rigorous imprisonment ranging from 3 months to 7 years and fine can be levied. • Dis allowance of Expense for non deposit of TDS -Section 40(a)(ia) • Failure to apply for TAN in time or Failure to quote allotted TAN or Wrong quoting of TAN :Penalty of Rs.10,000 is leviable u/s.272BB(for each failure) • Failure to issue TDS/TCS certificate in time or Failure to submit form 15H/15G in time or Failure to furnish statement of perquisite s in time or Failure to file Quarterly Statements in time: For each type of failure, penalty of Rs.100/- per day for the period of default is leviable. Maximum penalty for each failure can be up to the amount of TDS/TCS THANK YOU

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