Russian Revolution


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This powerpoint was created as part of my very first lesson plan created in one of my college classes. It fits in to the unit plan designed for WWI.

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Russian Revolution

  1. 1. Russian Revolution<br />
  2. 2. Government before the Revolution<br />Autocratic Monarchy<br />Romanov Family<br />Tsar Nicholas II took the throne in 1884<br />
  3. 3. Russo-Japanese War<br />War breaks out in 1904<br />Causes:<br />Japan expanding west in to Manchuria and Korea<br />Russia expanding east in to Asia looking for warm water ports<br />Outcome:<br />Russia was defeated, the war ended in 1905<br />Far weaker than anyone in Europe thought <br />
  4. 4. Revolution of 1905<br />January 22, 1905 Bloody Sunday<br />Workers approached the Winter Palace with a petition, were fired upon by army guard<br />Unrest and dissatisfaction among peasants and workers<br />Political groups wanted government reform<br />
  5. 5. Government Changes<br />Creation of the Duma: May 1906<br />Initially an advisory committee<br />Broad participation in Duma<br />Legislative and oversight powers<br />Fundamental Laws: April 23, 1906<br />Maintained the authority of the Tsar over the Law, the Church, and the Duma<br />Confirmed basic human rights, subordinate to the law<br />
  6. 6. WWI<br />Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand<br />Russia backs Serbia as part of the alliances<br />Mobilization:<br />Russia attacked Germany before they were ready<br />Not enough soldiers, not enough supplies, industry and infrastructure not ready for war<br />
  7. 7. The Revolution Begins<br />February Revolution 1917(March according to Gregorian Calendar)<br />Reasons: <br />Failures of Russia in WWI<br />Public dissatisfaction over leadership<br />Economic problems.<br />Abdication of Tsar Nicholas: March 17, 1917<br />Provisional Government Created: March 12, 1917<br />Leader: Alexander Kerensky<br />
  8. 8. Return of Lenin<br />April 1917 Lenin returns to Russia from exile<br />Germany helped Lenin return<br />Trying to remove Russia from the war<br />
  9. 9. October Revolution<br />October 1917(November according to Gregorian calendar)<br />Provisional Government overthrown<br />Establishment of Soviet government under the Bolsheviks<br />
  10. 10. Russian Civil War<br />Breaks out in 1917 and lasts until 1923<br />Fighting between:<br />Bolshevik Red Army<br />White Army (anti-Bolsheviks)<br />Political parties fighting for control of Russia<br />The revolution of 1917 was not a planned revolution. Therefore haphazard leadership and government was formed. This led to instability.<br />
  11. 11. 1918<br />January: Creation of the Council of People’s Commissars<br />Highest government authority under Bolsheviks<br />March: Bolshevik party renamed Communist party<br />March 3, 1918: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk <br />Treaty between Germany and Russia<br />End of WWI for Russia<br />
  12. 12. In to the 20s<br />January 21, 1924<br />Lenin dies<br />1927<br />Stalin comes in to leadership power in Russia<br />