Blogging & Law

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  • Needs for Cyber Laws in Malaysia Privacy and confidential of information. Intellectual Property rights. Legal status of online transactions. Integrity and security of information. Security of Government Data.
  • Other Cyber Laws being drafted: Private Date Protection Bill Electronic Government Activities Bill Electronic Transaction Bill
  • Section 211 1. Who can be sue? Application service provider/other person using a content applications service that provide content which is indecent, obscene, false, menacing or offensive in character with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any person. 2. If found guilty? Fine up to RM50,000 OR Jail up to 1 year OR both AND further fine of RM1,000 for every day or part of a day during which the offence is continued after conviction. Section 233 Who can be sue? 1. A person who a. by means of any network facilities/network service/application service knowingly makes/creates/solicit and initiates the transmission of any comment/request/suggestion/other communication which is obscene, indecent, false, menacing or offensive in character with intent to annoy/threaten/abuse/harass another person OR b. Initiates a communication using any applications service , whether continuously, repeatedly or otherwise, during which communication may or may not ensue, with or without disclosing his identity and with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass at any number or electronic address. 2. A person who knowingly a. by means of a network service or applications service provides any obscene communication for commercial purposes to any person; OR b. permits a network or applications service under the person’s control to be used for an activity described above. 2. If found guilty? - Fine up to RM50,000 OR Jail up to 1 year OR both AND further fine of RM1,000 for every day during which the offence is continued after conviction.
  • HQ Address: Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission Off Persiaran Multimedia 63000 Cyberjaya Selangor Complaint SKMM Hotline: 1-800-888-030 (Monday to Friday  8:30am – 5:30pm excluding public holiday) Online Complaint : http://aduan.skmm.gov.my Email: [email_address] SMS : SKMM ADUAN [complaints details] and sms to 15888 Fax : 03 - 8688 1880
  • Blogging & Law

    1. 1. <ul><li>DURASIM BABA & CO. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates & Solicitors | Peguambela & Peguamcara </li></ul>BLOGGING & LAW MARTIN TOMMY DURASIM FAEZAHWATY A.M. IBNU BABA
    2. 2. Whatever illegal offline is illegal online <ul><li>No indecent, obscene, false, menacing or offensive content. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a balance between the desire of viewers, listeners and users to have a wide range of content options and access to information and as well as the necessity to preserve law, order and morality. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to respect cultural, ethnic, religious, gender, socio-economic status diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful on content that is created for children and in which children are portrayed. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Before you initiate to blog… <ul><li>Comprehend the Copyright Law in Malaysia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The moment you publish a post, the appearance of your post is an Intellectual Property and you have an exclusive right on your own creation of idea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is illegitimate for others to publish a post exactly similar as yours. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Put out a copyright notice in your blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The copyright notice is not a compulsory thing to do. However, by putting out a copyright notice can serve as a reminder to others that you own the post as well as a restriction not to use it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a permission policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other users must abide to your permission policy on the usage of your post. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. When others steal your post <ul><li>Spot the culprit – Track down the site ownership and contact information </li></ul><ul><li>Make contact with the culprit – Inform them and request for removal/correction and/or compensation </li></ul><ul><li>Demand letter - If “request” method fails, write a demand letter demanding the culprit to remove the post </li></ul><ul><li>Notification – Inform and explain your reasons to the culprit’s hosting service of your request to remove the culprit’s website. </li></ul><ul><li>Use legal approach - Appoint a lawyer (your lawyer may advise you to lodge an official report either to the Malaysian Communication and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) or the police against the culprit’s wrongdoings.) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Need for Cyber Laws in Malaysia <ul><li>Privacy and confidential of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal status of online transactions. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity and security of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Security of Government Data. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Cyber Laws in Malaysia - any laws relating to protecting the Internet and other online communication technologies. <ul><li>Computer Crimes Act 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection against the misuse of computers and computer criminal activities e.g. unauthorised use of programs, illegal transmission of sata or messages over computers and hacking and cracking of computer systems and networks. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copyright (Amendment) Act 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides protection for copyrightable works includes computer software and the copyright protection online. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital Signature Act 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legalize legal recognition and authentication of the creator of an electronic document. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secures electronic communications especially on the internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Signature is an identity verification standard using encryption techniques to protect against email forgery. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By attaching the digital signature, one can ensure that nobody can eavesdrop, intercept or temper with transmitted data. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Cyber Laws in Malaysia - any laws relating to protecting the Internet and other online communication technologies. <ul><li>Telemedicine Act 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An act for the regulation and control of the practices or the application of telemedicine in Malaysia. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An act of the policy, regulatory framework for convergence of the telecommunications, broadcasting and computer industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission Act 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An act to provide for the establishment of the Malaysian communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC), with powers to supervise and regulate the communications and multimedia activities in Malaysia and to enforce the communications and multimedia laws of Malaysia. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission Act 1998 <ul><li>Section 211 – Prohibition on provision of offensive content. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 233 – Improper use of network facilities or network services, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Any person may be hold responsible under the provisions above when he/she “knowingly” provide and control over the online prohibited content. </li></ul>
    9. 9. What is the Prohibited Content? <ul><li>Indecent content (e.g. sex; nudity) </li></ul><ul><li>Obscene content (e.g. pornography; sexual degradation) </li></ul><ul><li>Violence (e.g. offensive violence; sexual violence) </li></ul><ul><li>Menacing content (e.g. annoyance; encourages crime; public disorder) </li></ul><ul><li>Bad language (e.g. hate speech) </li></ul><ul><li>False content (e.g. content which contains false information and likely to mislead) </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s content </li></ul><ul><li>Family values (e.g. gender equality) </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled people </li></ul>
    10. 10. Section 211 MCMC Act 1998 <ul><li>Who can be sue? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application service provider/other person using a content applications service that provide content which is indecent, obscene, false, menacing or offensive in character with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any person. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If found guilty? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine up to RM50,000 OR Jail up to 1 year OR both AND further fine of RM1,000 for every day or part of a day during which the offence is continued after conviction. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Section 233 MCMC Act 1998 <ul><li>Who can be sue? </li></ul><ul><li>1. A person who </li></ul><ul><li>a. by means of any network facilities/network service/application service knowingly makes/creates/solicit and initiates the transmission of any comment/request/suggestion/other communication which is obscene, indecent, false, menacing or offensive in character with intent to annoy/threaten/abuse/harass another person OR </li></ul><ul><li>b. Initiates a communication using any applications service , whether continuously, repeatedly or otherwise, during which communication may or may not ensue, with or without disclosing his identity and with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass at any number or electronic address. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Section 233 MCMC Act 1998 (con’t) <ul><li>2. A person who knowingly </li></ul><ul><li>a. by means of a network service or applications service provides any obscene communication for commercial purposes to any person; OR </li></ul><ul><li>b. permits a network or applications service under the person’s control to be used for an activity described above. </li></ul><ul><li>If found guilty? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine up to RM50,000 OR Jail up to 1 year OR both AND further fine of RM1,000 for every day during which the offence is continued after conviction. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. What to do when someone post prohibited contents against you online? <ul><li>Lodge a Complaint Report to MCMC Consumer Complaints Bureau; or </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint a lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Sabah Regional Office </li></ul><ul><li>6-10-10, 10th Floor </li></ul><ul><li>No. 6 Menara MAA </li></ul><ul><li>Lorong Api-Api 1, Api Api Centre </li></ul><ul><li>88000 Kota Kinabalu </li></ul><ul><li>Sabah </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: +60 88 270550 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: +60 88 253 205 </li></ul>
    14. 14. What to do when someone post prohibited contents against you online? <ul><li>HQ Address: </li></ul><ul><li>Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission Off Persiaran Multimedia 63000 Cyberjaya Selangor Complaint SKMM Hotline: 1-800-888-030 (Monday to Friday  8:30am – 5:30pm excluding public holiday) Online Complaint : http://aduan.skmm.gov.my Email: [email_address] SMS : SKMM ADUAN [complaints details] and sms to 15888 Fax : 03 - 8688 1880 </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>DURASIM BABA & CO. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates & Solicitors | Peguambela & Peguamcara </li></ul>THANK YOU

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