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The 1960 Valdivia Earthquake

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The 1960 Valdivia Earthquake

  1. 1. THE GREAT CHILE EARTHQUAKE Boris
  2. 2. What is it  The Great Chilean earthquake was the biggest earthquake ever with a rating of 9.5 on the Richter magnitude scale.The place that was most affected wasValdivia.The earthquake occurred on 22 of may, 1960 when it hit.The resulting tsunamis and landslides affected Japan, Hawaii, Southern Chile, the Philippines, New Zealand, South East Australia, the Aleutian Islands eastern New Zealand.
  3. 3. How does this relate to science  Lots of the rock had been eroded by gravity when landslides occurred and rock was eroded by tsunamis at the time they hit and after when the water left . Rock was greatly weathered by water both mechanically when tsunamis hit and chemically because of all the salt water. Gravity pulled rocks through cracks in roads when the earthquake happened.This is tied in with the rock cycle because now the rock is turned into sediment by heat and pressure.
  4. 4. What caused it and what type of plate boundary?  The Nazca plate was driving itself deeper and deeper under the South American plate for millions and of years even before the first humans even roamed the earth. The type of plate boundary involved was convergent meaning one plate was going under another meaning the Nazca plate is much smaller than the South American plate.
  5. 5. Casualties  Southern Chile,Tsunami and Earthquake: 1655 dead, 3000, injured, 2,000,000 homeless. $550,000,000 overall damage.  Hawaii,Tsunami: 61 deaths, $75,ooo overall damage  Japan,Tsunami: 138 deaths, $50,000 overall damage  Philippines,Tsunami: 32 dead or missing  US,Tsunami: $500,ooo overall damage
  6. 6. Bibliography  Works Cited  Epicenter of 1960Valdivia Earthquake. Wikimapia. N.p., May 2006.Web. 8 June 2014.  è<http://wikimapia.org/12201285/Epicenter-of-1960-Valdivia-earthquake>.  Map of Southern Chile showing the epicenter of the 22nd of May, 1960 earthquake. Earthquakes. N.p., n.d.Web. 8 June 2014. <http://www.pdhcenter.com/courses/g175/Fig8.gif>.  "The 1960 Quake." With Friendship.com. N.p., n.d.Web. 8 June 2014. <http://withfriendship.com/images/f/27637/the-1960-quake-the-result-of.jpg>.  "1960Valdivia Earthquake." Wikipedia. N. pag. Print.  "1960Valdivian Earthquake." HGHStrip. N.p., n.d.Web. 8 June 2014. <http://www.hghstrip.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/1960-Valdivia-earthquake.jpg>.  "The 1960Valdivian Earthquake." With Friendship.com. N.p., n.d.Web. 8 June 2014. <http://withfriendship.com/images/f/27637/the-1960-valdivia-earthquake.jpg>.  Valdivia after the biggest earthquake ever recorded. The XO Dictionary. N.p., n.d.Web. 8 June 2014. <http://thexodirectory.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Valdivia-after-the-biggest- earthquake-ever-recorded.jpg>.  AValdivia street after the earthquake of 22 May 1960. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d.Web. 8 June 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Valdivia_after_earthquake%2C_19 60.jpg/250px-Valdivia_after_earthquake%2C_1960.jpg>.

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