Co-creating Global Natural History Networks


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Co-creating Global Natural History Networks

  1. 1. Co-creating Global Natural History Networks Boris Jacob Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium Bianca Crowley Biodiversity Heritage Library, Smithsonian Institution, USA [email_address] Constance Rinaldo Ernst Mayr Library/MCZ/Harvard University, USA [email_address] DISH Conference 2011 The Netherlands
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>3 Ideas from Yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>What is Biodiversity Heritage Literature </li></ul><ul><li>About </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritag Library (BHL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritag Library for Europe (BHL-Europe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Biodiversity Heritag Library (gBHL) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication strategy and tools </li></ul><ul><li>What can you/we do? </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 Ideas from Yesterday <ul><li>DISH is not only presenting, but questioning, talk to people, make judgements on what is relevant for your institution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Batt, DISH 2011 Opening Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speed of change makes research on the job impossible. Make informed choices with the best possible information today. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Katherine Watson, DISH 2011 Keynote Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thinking for ourselfs as networks, movement, ideology, rather than institutions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Leadbeater, DISH 2011 Keynote Speech </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Biodiversity Heritage Literature <ul><li>Huge amount of out of copyright works to scan </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text types (Scientific literature, Exhibition reports...) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audiences (Scientists, Humanities, Artists, Education, ...) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media (Print Text, Illustrations Photographs, Annotations, ...) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form (Oversize, Fold-outs, ...) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Example 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific descriptions of animals, plants, nature in general (Taxonomic literature) </li></ul><ul><li>Type in a taxon name and find all detected occurrences in the text corpus. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Example 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Literature on expeditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research on cultural practices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural history in cultural contexts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific understanding of nature over time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search in Darwin ’ s Library. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Example 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrations of Nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History of scientific illustrations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research on one artists work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspiration for artists. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cool dinosaur and skeleton pictures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find illustrations on Flickr. </li></ul>
  8. 8. BHL in a Nutshell <ul><li>Over 36 million digitised pages and counting, page level access. </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to taxonomic names via uBio & connection to EOL species pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Open data services - BHL makes available:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All book, or bibliographic, data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All taxonomic name data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for free to download, re-use, re-purpose, and re-mix by anyone, anywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User engagement, interaction, feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>A Portal, Darwin library, the article repository Citebank , Develper tools, API, OpenURL. </li></ul>
  9. 9.
  10. 10. BHL-Europe in a Nutshell <ul><li>European biodiversity knowledge freely available globally to everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>28 partner institutions and companies </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising and preserving digital European biodiversity heritage literature and facilitating the open access to this literature through a multilingual community portal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Global References Index to Biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Biodiversity Library Exhibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and Europeana. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Comparing BHL and BHL-Europe <ul><li>BHL (US/UK) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural and language similarities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly private funding initially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian/Scientist partnership at start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration of scientific names services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BHL-Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on aggregation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multicultural and multilingual setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EC funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientist driven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilingual portal, integration of various names services (e.g. common names) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. gBHL in a Nutshell <ul><li>BHL nodes in Australia, Brazil, China, Egypt, Europe, USA, more to come </li></ul><ul><li>A distributed network with different countries, different cultures, different institutions/projects/organisational models, different policies, different partnerships, different funding </li></ul><ul><li>Staff working within the gBHL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>works in 9 different time zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in nearly 50 different institutions worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speak over 10 different languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technologists, scientists, and librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most are not BHL (US) employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No institutional mandate, Regional governance , bottom up development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One Mission </li></ul>
  14. 14. gBHL Mission
  15. 16. Communication Strategy <ul><ul><li>Know your mission, share your vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forget about hierarchy  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open up all lines of communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage trial-and-error problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share best practices, technologies, workloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower decision making at all levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Welcome all ideas   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foster excitement and dedication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust each other to do what is best for the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward experimentation and creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failures are simply lessons learned </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Communication Tools <ul><li>Skype, Wikis, Email, Phone, Issue tracking systems, Twitter, Slideshare, Blogs, Facebook, Flickr, YouTube, Chat, Google docs, Google calendar, Whiteboards, Photos, Videos, Posters, Presentations, Papers, Tutorials, Documentation, Doodle, Meetings, GitHub, Google code, and Face-to-face communication whenever we can get it. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Communication Tools <ul><li>What we need to make the tools work: Moderators, Mediators, Committees, Cheerleaders, Praise, Passion, Patience, Criticism, Cooperation, Being proactive, Flexibility, Time, Prioritization, Funding, Institutional support, Creativity, Rapid prototyping approach </li></ul>
  18. 19. Pros & Cons <ul><li>People feel free to contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid rollout </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding is uncertain </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing is uncertain </li></ul><ul><li>Mistakes are made </li></ul><ul><li>Time intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Timezones </li></ul>
  19. 20. What can you/we do? <ul><ul><li>Donate , Contribute content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread the word, Lobby government agencies and policy makers for support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide feedback , Participate in crowdsourcing initiatives </li></ul></ul>Photographs by R. Paul Skeehan (skee 2