The bathroom:• tiles on wall and floor• piping rigid in walls and floors• no transformation possibilities without demolishion• Transformation: ▫ costs ▫ time ▫ no optimal solution ▫ lots of efforts ▫ environmental impact
Importance of participation Belang inspraak 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Sanitair Tegelwerkaak aspect Type keuken Locatie toilet Locatie keukenntal en locatie stopcontacten en schakelaars Afwerking vloer Locatie badkamer Aantal slaapkamers Hang- en sluitwerk Telecom Oppervlakte woning Locatie wastafels Indeling begane grond Wanden (behang, stucwerk) Lengte en breedte woonkamer [source: Dr. Ir. Hofman] Binnenkozijnen en deuren
Bathroom: constructors view• A lot of different subcontractors/disciplines are nessesary to build a bathroom ▫ builder ▫ plumber ▫ electrician ▫ tiler• Planning• Source of failure costs
Prefabricated bathroom• bathroom in a box• prefabricated under preserved conditions• one party for production• no obstructions in building process on site• only advantages for the constructor• for the user/customer: ordinary bathroom• usually not practical for renovations
Development goals• Create a modular bathroom• Easy to transform• Less life cycle costs• Less environmental impact (initial and life cycle)• Applicable in new buildings and also for renovation of housing
Advantages modular bathroom• Customization (new and existing)• Transformation when changes occur• Less environmental impact• Lower lifecycle costs• Prefabricated modules• Easy to install• Like a kitchen!