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Remediating Backlist Ebooks
with Accessibility in Mind
ebookcraft 2019
LAURA BRADY
• Get rid of bits and bobs that
you no longer need
• Refashion the HTML with the
breadth of your experience
• EPUB 3 declaration
• Clean up markup
• Navigation
• Page list – yes? No? Maybe?
• Semantics
• Image descriptions
• Metadata
But first….
First step in remediation
Why switch to EPUB 3?
• Styling and layout
enhancements
• Global language support
• Rich media and interactivity
• Accessibility
It’s really just a different wrapper
Must have
• New HTML header
• Navigation document
• OPF version 3.0 declaration
Nice to have*
• HTML 5
• Semantics
• Pagelist and Landmarks
• Accessibility Metadata
*More than nice, really. I am messing with you.
Sigil
EPUB3-itizer plugin
• Basic technical conversion
• Creates navigation
document, among
other things
Lots of cleanup still required
Bits and Bobs
HTML 5
Banish generic HTML. Use:
<section>
<aside>
<figure>
<figcaption>
<blockquote>
Language Declarations
• Document Language
– Cleanup
– Add
– Move
• Language shifts
– Cleanup
– Add
– Move
Page List
• Figure out a way to convert EPUB 2-style page
markers into epub:type pagelist anchors
Find: <a id="page_(dd)"></a>
Replace: <span epub:type="pagebreak"
role="doc-pagebreak" id="page$1"
title="$1" />
Navigation
• TOC
• Landmarks
– epub:type &
ARIA roles
• Page list
Landmarks
• Basic set:
– Frontmatter
– Bodymatter
– Backmatter
– TOC
– LOI, LOT
– Bibliography
– Index
– Glossary
Semantics
• Map to ARIA roles
• CircularFlo’s
GreenLight tool
may be of use
Image Descriptions
• Good basic image
description is worth the
effort
• Turn text as image into
live text wherever
possible
Metadata
• Basic
• Schema.org
<metadata>
<meta property="schema:accessibilitySummary">
This publication conforms to WCAG 2.0 Level AA.
</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessMode">textual</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessMode">visual</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessModeSufficient">textual,visual</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessModeSufficient">textual</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">structuralNavigation</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">MathML</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">alternativeText</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">longDescriptions</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityAPI">ARIA</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityControl">fullKeyboardControl</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityControl">fullMouseControl</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityControl">fullTouchControl</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityHazard">noFlashing</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityHazard">noSound</meta>
<meta property="schema:accessibilityHazard">noMotionSimulation</meta>
…
</metadata>
Validate early, validate often
Thank you!
@LauraB7
lbrady@anansi.ca
https://www.alexisarnold.com/#/crystallized-books/

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Remediating Backlist ebooks with Accessibility in Mind - Laura Brady (House of Anansi Press) - ebookcraft 2019

  • 1. Remediating Backlist Ebooks with Accessibility in Mind ebookcraft 2019 LAURA BRADY
  • 2. • Get rid of bits and bobs that you no longer need • Refashion the HTML with the breadth of your experience • EPUB 3 declaration • Clean up markup • Navigation • Page list – yes? No? Maybe? • Semantics • Image descriptions • Metadata
  • 4. First step in remediation Why switch to EPUB 3? • Styling and layout enhancements • Global language support • Rich media and interactivity • Accessibility
  • 5. It’s really just a different wrapper
  • 6. Must have • New HTML header • Navigation document • OPF version 3.0 declaration
  • 7. Nice to have* • HTML 5 • Semantics • Pagelist and Landmarks • Accessibility Metadata *More than nice, really. I am messing with you.
  • 8. Sigil EPUB3-itizer plugin • Basic technical conversion • Creates navigation document, among other things
  • 9. Lots of cleanup still required
  • 11. HTML 5 Banish generic HTML. Use: <section> <aside> <figure> <figcaption> <blockquote>
  • 12.
  • 13. Language Declarations • Document Language – Cleanup – Add – Move • Language shifts – Cleanup – Add – Move
  • 14. Page List • Figure out a way to convert EPUB 2-style page markers into epub:type pagelist anchors Find: <a id="page_(dd)"></a> Replace: <span epub:type="pagebreak" role="doc-pagebreak" id="page$1" title="$1" />
  • 15. Navigation • TOC • Landmarks – epub:type & ARIA roles • Page list
  • 16. Landmarks • Basic set: – Frontmatter – Bodymatter – Backmatter – TOC – LOI, LOT – Bibliography – Index – Glossary
  • 17. Semantics • Map to ARIA roles • CircularFlo’s GreenLight tool may be of use
  • 18. Image Descriptions • Good basic image description is worth the effort • Turn text as image into live text wherever possible
  • 20. <metadata> <meta property="schema:accessibilitySummary"> This publication conforms to WCAG 2.0 Level AA. </meta> <meta property="schema:accessMode">textual</meta> <meta property="schema:accessMode">visual</meta> <meta property="schema:accessModeSufficient">textual,visual</meta> <meta property="schema:accessModeSufficient">textual</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">structuralNavigation</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">MathML</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">alternativeText</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityFeature">longDescriptions</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityAPI">ARIA</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityControl">fullKeyboardControl</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityControl">fullMouseControl</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityControl">fullTouchControl</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityHazard">noFlashing</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityHazard">noSound</meta> <meta property="schema:accessibilityHazard">noMotionSimulation</meta> … </metadata>

Editor's Notes

  1. It’s no more complex than that.
  2. https://github.com/kevinhendricks/ePub3-itizer https://github.com/Sigil-Ebook/Sigil/releases/tag/0.9.10 Pause here to look at what the converted ebook looks like.
  3. A lot of cleanup still required, mostly InDesign’s fault
  4. As Dave Cramer says, “Trust HTML.”
  5. Demo global cleanup work
  6. Assembling into a page list in the nav is going to be a little more work, but worth it.
  7. http://kb.daisy.org/publishing/docs/html/roles.html
  8. http://www.perkinselearning.org/technology/blog/how-write-alt-text-and-image-descriptions-visually-impaired
  9. http://kb.daisy.org/publishing/docs/metadata/schema-org.html