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BISAC Subjects 2015 Edition
Connie Harbison
January 14, 2016
 The Subject Committee has a long history of considering
changes to the JUV/JNF sections based on comments from
users.
 ...
Issue raised again in 2014.
BISG office:
 Sent survey to entire membership
 Conducted focused interviews with stakehol...
Would you find it valuable if BISAC included
specific codes for young adult/ teen
content?
 3M
 Amazon.com
 Baker & Taylor
 Barnes & Noble
 Bowker
 Capstone
 Hachette
 Houghton Mifflin
Harcourt
 Nielsen
...
 Young adult/teen content would
benefit from its own subject
classification:
 Potential sales opportunity
 It has becom...
 Committee met several times in February 2015 to discuss
scenarios for creating YA sections.
 The committee agreed on pr...
 Changes may allow for more granular sales
analysis of juvenile titles.
 Provides a standard for age range distinction
b...
 Potential for massive recoding and migration
issues for both publishers and data aggregators.
 Requires publisher compl...
 What if the change is met with resistance and
failure to adopt?
 Parties using different versions will be providing dat...
 For the 2015 edition, the Subject Codes
Committee created two new sections, YOUNG
ADULT FICTION (YAF) and YOUNG ADULT
NO...
 Committee closed 2015 Edition in
September.
 21st edition of the BISAC subjects.
 2015 edition includes:
 512 additio...
Grade range: 10-12
Ages range: 15+
Now:
JUVENILE FICTION / Fantasy & Magic
JUVENILE FICTION / Love & Romance
Will change t...
 The Subject Committee will provide users with
recommendations for moving from inactivated to
valid codes.
 May not be a...
Grade range: 7-9
Ages range: 12-14
Now:
JUVENILE FICTION / Fantasy & Magic
JUVENILE FICTION / Mysteries & Detective Storie...
Grade range: 7-9
Ages range: 12-14
Now:
JUVENILE FICTION / LGBT
JUVENILE FICTION / Love & Romance
Will map to:
YOUNG ADULT...
 The Committee suggests the following
age/grade demarcations for each section:
Heading Age Range Grade Range
JUVENILE FIC...
 For content that spans age or grade ranges, the user must
decide for which audience the material is better suited –
chil...
 Committee recommendation for 2015 Edition
implementation target date:
 Publishers have expressed concern that their dat...
 Contact:
connie.harbison@baker-taylor.com
 For complete 2015 Edition (including
inactivations), go to:
https://www.bisg...
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BNC Webinar: Young Adult BISACs - Connie Harbison

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Connie Harbison, Chair of BISG's BISAC Subject Committee and Director at Baker & Taylor, explains the new Young Adult BISAC subject codes and provides useful resources for implementation.

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BNC Webinar: Young Adult BISACs - Connie Harbison

  1. 1. BISAC Subjects 2015 Edition Connie Harbison January 14, 2016
  2. 2.  The Subject Committee has a long history of considering changes to the JUV/JNF sections based on comments from users.  September 2003: “There is definitely a need for a new section for Young Adults. The section could most likely include both Fiction and Non Fiction terms, depending on the quantity of terms that will be needed for non-fiction.”  Then in October 2003 (after research): “This month’s attendees reversed the consensus reached in the prior month, concluding that a separate Teen or Youth section was not in the best interests of the overall Code List.”  Topic taken up again in 2011.  Dedicated meeting open to all BISG membership held June 2011  Outcome: “The overall feeling seemed to be that a significant and visible ROI would be needed to make such a large change.”
  3. 3. Issue raised again in 2014. BISG office:  Sent survey to entire membership  Conducted focused interviews with stakeholders.
  4. 4. Would you find it valuable if BISAC included specific codes for young adult/ teen content?
  5. 5.  3M  Amazon.com  Baker & Taylor  Barnes & Noble  Bowker  Capstone  Hachette  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt  Nielsen  Penguin Random House  Simon & Schuster
  6. 6.  Young adult/teen content would benefit from its own subject classification:  Potential sales opportunity  It has become its own subject  Awards (esp. ALA awards) tracking  Helps with unreliable or not provided audience codes and age/grade ranges
  7. 7.  Committee met several times in February 2015 to discuss scenarios for creating YA sections.  The committee agreed on presenting the following four scenarios:  Add two new sections for YA Fiction and Nonfiction; leave JUV/JNF as is.  Change literal of JUV/JNF and make sections more robust for YA.  Inactivate all JUV/JNF; add sections for Picture Books, Middle Grade, and Young Adult.  Do nothing – leave JUV/JNF sections as they are.  Two town hall meetings were held in March 2015.  During these meetings, perceived problem was addressed as well as how each scenario would solve that problem.  Committee recommendation was the addition of the new sections.
  8. 8.  Changes may allow for more granular sales analysis of juvenile titles.  Provides a standard for age range distinction between “Children” and “Young Adult”.  Publishers must ensure that the BISAC they provide corresponds to age range.  In some cases, the changes will force adoption of newest version of BISAC.
  9. 9.  Potential for massive recoding and migration issues for both publishers and data aggregators.  Requires publisher compliance between BISAC provided and ONIX age range and audience provided in age range composite.  Titles spanning the age “cut-off” between Children and Young Adult (e.g., the Harry Potter series or Robert Sabuda titles) may lead to confusion.
  10. 10.  What if the change is met with resistance and failure to adopt?  Parties using different versions will be providing data with a different meaning than intended.  Migration must be done at once – you cannot send part of your list in one edition and part in another edition.  Failure to implement the changes in a timely and accurate manner could actually result in lost sales.  Failure to migrate properly will result in data corruption.
  11. 11.  For the 2015 edition, the Subject Codes Committee created two new sections, YOUNG ADULT FICTION (YAF) and YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION (YAN).  Survey was distributed by BISG to determine most preferred name for section (Young Adult vs. Teen).  Based on the legacy JUVENILE FICTION and JUVENILE NONFICTION sections, but adapted for the young adult audience.  JUV/JNF Subjects not relevant to YA audience were removed and relevant subjects from the (adult) FICTION section were added to YOUNG ADULT FICTION.
  12. 12.  Committee closed 2015 Edition in September.  21st edition of the BISAC subjects.  2015 edition includes:  512 additions (446 YAF/YAN);  75 literal changes;  18 inactivations  Approved November 2015; released December 2015.
  13. 13. Grade range: 10-12 Ages range: 15+ Now: JUVENILE FICTION / Fantasy & Magic JUVENILE FICTION / Love & Romance Will change to: YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Fantasy / Wizards & Witches YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / Paranormal
  14. 14.  The Subject Committee will provide users with recommendations for moving from inactivated to valid codes.  May not be a one-to-one move (from one code to another); may instead provide users with a number of options depending on the title’s subject matter and audience.  The Subject Committee has developed a mapping table to assist publishers with transition to the new edition.  Mapping table is one-to-one mapping from JUV/JNF to YAF/YAN.  In some cases, a more specific YA code will have to be assigned manually.
  15. 15. Grade range: 7-9 Ages range: 12-14 Now: JUVENILE FICTION / Fantasy & Magic JUVENILE FICTION / Mysteries & Detective Stories Will map to: YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Fantasy / General YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Mysteries & Detective Stories Better subject (than Fantasy / General): YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Magical Realism (no direct map from a JUV heading)
  16. 16. Grade range: 7-9 Ages range: 12-14 Now: JUVENILE FICTION / LGBT JUVENILE FICTION / Love & Romance Will map to: YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBT YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / General Best subject: YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / LGBT (no direct map from a JUV heading)
  17. 17.  The Committee suggests the following age/grade demarcations for each section: Heading Age Range Grade Range JUVENILE FICTION (JUV) 0-11 Preschool-6 JUVENILE NONFICTION (JNF) 0-11 Preschool-6 YOUNG ADULT FICTION (YAF) 12-18 7-12 YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION (YAN) 12-18 7-12
  18. 18.  For content that spans age or grade ranges, the user must decide for which audience the material is better suited – children or young adults.  Often heard comments that users wanted to mix the new young adult headings with “adult” headings for those titles that have appeal to readers over the age of 18. (For example, users expressed the desire to use both YAF and FIC headings on titles.)  The Committee does not endorse this as a best practice.  Because the Committee’s stance is that the young adult headings should not be used with headings outside of their own section, we cannot guarantee that data recipients will not modify BISAC subjects in violation of that best practice.
  19. 19.  Committee recommendation for 2015 Edition implementation target date:  Publishers have expressed concern that their data recipients will reject the YAF and YAN codes if their systems are not ready and erroneously add JUV and JNF codes to YA titles.  Data senders could also continue sending JUV and JNF headings on YA titles if they do not adopt the new codes in a timely manner, thus causing issues for recipients.  Recommended implementation date – end of January.  Education (e.g., webinars) planned through by BISG.
  20. 20.  Contact: connie.harbison@baker-taylor.com  For complete 2015 Edition (including inactivations), go to: https://www.bisg.org/bisac/bisac-subject-codes @BISAC_Subjects

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