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Erick Hernández
Lucas Suarez Field
Mas 365
 Capital- Santiago
 Population- 15,981,000 (2005)
 292,256 sq. miles
 Form of government- democracy
 1960’s was led by president Eduardo Frei,
strong democracy
 1970 Salvador Allende, implemented social
revolution
 Made...
 Pinochet took over after Allende was bombed
 Advisors from university of Chicago( aka
chicago boys)
 General Gustavo L...
 Suppression of political activity parties like
socialist, Marxist..etc. congressed dissolved and
constitution all suspen...
 War ended due to Plebiscite, Pinochet was not
allowed to run for presidency anymore
 Plebiscite- is a direct vote in wh...
Facts About Perú
- Perú has two capitals which are Lima and Cuzco.
- There are two capitals because Cuzco, the capital of ...
Perú
- Perú has had many dictatorships.
-The last one was during the years 1968-1980.
-In the 1950s through 1965 Perú had ...
Perú Before the Dirty War
-In the 1950s and the early 1960s the economy of Perú grew by
increasing the products that they ...
Dictatorship under General Alvarado
- However since 1965 the economy of Perú has had more problems.
- General Juan Velasco...
End of the Dictatorship
- Since he was unable to effectively manage the economy, and his
health was continuously worsening...
Guerrillas in Perú
- In 1960-1965 there was a Guerrilla Movement in Perú
- Some of the motives behind the movement were be...
El Niño
- One such problem was El Niño which caused flooding in certain
areas of the country and terrible droughts in othe...
Works Cited
- http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35762.htm
- http://science.jrank.org/pages/7630/Dictatorship-in-Latin-Ameri...
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The dirty war chile y perú

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The dirty war chile y perú

  1. 1. Erick Hernández Lucas Suarez Field Mas 365
  2. 2.  Capital- Santiago  Population- 15,981,000 (2005)  292,256 sq. miles  Form of government- democracy
  3. 3.  1960’s was led by president Eduardo Frei, strong democracy  1970 Salvador Allende, implemented social revolution  Made money which caused inflation, ordered dairy workers to take over, when they did all cows died so no dairy products were sold, led to loss in income.  People went on strike due to shortage of food  economy = bad!
  4. 4.  Pinochet took over after Allende was bombed  Advisors from university of Chicago( aka chicago boys)  General Gustavo Leigh Guzmán, Admiral José Toribio Merino, and General César Mendoza      Brought down inflation from 1000% to 10% ( known as mini miracle to Latin Americans)
  5. 5.  Suppression of political activity parties like socialist, Marxist..etc. congressed dissolved and constitution all suspended  Responsible for 3,197 murders  1,100 disappeared  Approximately 30,000 tortured  Operation condor- secret police that coordinated the repression of groups/ individuals against the government.
  6. 6.  War ended due to Plebiscite, Pinochet was not allowed to run for presidency anymore  Plebiscite- is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal  Economy grew way better due to the ideals of the “Chicago boys” which are still used today  Chile has one of best economies in Latin America  World’s largest producer of copper.
  7. 7. Facts About Perú - Perú has two capitals which are Lima and Cuzco. - There are two capitals because Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire has historical and cultural importance while Lima is important because in 1821 the independence of Perú was claimed there. - The population of Perú is 29,248,943 (Factbook).
  8. 8. Perú - Perú has had many dictatorships. -The last one was during the years 1968-1980. -In the 1950s through 1965 Perú had a higher rate of economic increase which exceeded the average of Latin America. Even though the Peruvian economy grew immense poverty and inequality also persisted.
  9. 9. Perú Before the Dirty War -In the 1950s and the early 1960s the economy of Perú grew by increasing the products that they exported. -The most famous exports include guano, silver, and gold. - In the 1960s however Perú adopted a new policy, Import substitution industrialization (ISI) which was common in the rest of Latin America. This policy means that products would be produced within the country, in this case in Perú.
  10. 10. Dictatorship under General Alvarado - However since 1965 the economy of Perú has had more problems. - General Juan Velasco Alvarado overthrew the elected President Fernando Belaunde Terry of the Popular Action Party (AP). - Some of the reforms that General Alvarado did include: agrarian reform programs, nationalizing the fishmeal industry, some petroleum and mining companies, as well as several banks.
  11. 11. End of the Dictatorship - Since he was unable to effectively manage the economy, and his health was continuously worsening, General Francisco Morales Bermudez took over in 1975. - The dictatorship ended in 1980. - During the 1980s the economy of Peru was unstable due to the leftover problems from the Military Government.
  12. 12. Guerrillas in Perú - In 1960-1965 there was a Guerrilla Movement in Perú - Some of the motives behind the movement were because a small percentage of the country owned over 50% of the land.
  13. 13. El Niño - One such problem was El Niño which caused flooding in certain areas of the country and terrible droughts in other parts which greatly damaged the successful fishing industry in Peru. -El Nino is a weather catastrophe that occurs every 5-7 years.
  14. 14. Works Cited - http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35762.htm - http://science.jrank.org/pages/7630/Dictatorship-in-Latin-America.html - http://www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/peru/ECONOMY.ht ml - http://www.eclac.org/publicaciones/xml/1/20061/dancourt.pdf - http://www.jstor.org/stable/2502695 - http://www.jstor.org/stable/2502695?seq=1 - http://countrystudies.us/peru/63.htm - http://www.applet-magic.com/peru.htm

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