What is Optometry?
Optometry is a health care profession concerned with eyes and related
structures, as well as vision, visual systems, and vision information
processing in humans. Optometrists are professionals who provide primary
vision care ranging from sight testing and correction to the diagnosis,
treatment, and management of vision changes.
Optometrists qualify to diagnose and treat eye diseases such as Diabetic
Retinopathy, Cataracts, Glaucoma, and Macular Degeneration.
How are Optometrists regulated?
Like most professions, optometry education, certification, and practice is
regulated in most countries. Optometrists and optometry-related
organizations interact with governmental agencies, other health care
professionals, and the community to deliver eye and vision care.
How do optometrists check your eyes?
Checking your eye sight
You will be asked to read letters on a chart. For
those who are not able to read, there are other
tests such as identifying pictures or matching
letters and pictures.
Checking your outer eye
A light will be shone on the front of your eyes
to check their health and how well they react
Checking your inner eye
An ophthalmoscope is used to check the back of the eyes.The
light of the ophthalmoscope will be shone into your eyes to
check their health and you will be asked to look in different
Checking your eye muscles
Checking your eye muscles
Your optometrist will check that the muscles that
control your eye movement are working well.
Glasses or contacts??
Checking to see if you need glasses
If you need glasses or contacts to improve your vision, the
optometrist will work out exactly what prescription you need.They
may shine a light in your eyes and then ask you to look at letters or
colors on a chart through various lenses in a special frame or
How do I know if I need to
see an optometrist?
Officials compiled guidelines on questions one should ask oneself before
visiting an optometrist:
-- Can you see far away objects clearly but find close up ones blurry?You
could have hyperopia, or farsightedness.Other symptoms of hyperopia
include eyestrain, headaches and excessive blinking.
--What if your close up vision is fine but your distance vision is less than
perfect? Myopia, or nearsightedness, could be to blame.Other
symptoms of myopia include difficulty seeing clearly while driving,
particularly at night, frequent squinting and difficulty seeing writing on
signs and television.
-- If you're having difficulty seeing objects both near and far, you could
have astigmatism.Other symptoms of astigmatism include inability to
work on a computer, watery eyes and eye fatigue.
If you have these symptoms, it would be best for you to get your eyes
checked as soon as possible.