Photojournalism

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Photojournalism

  1. 1. Photojournalism Nafise Esmael Motlagh
  2. 2. Main concept History of photojournalism Journalism and photojournalism Technology of photojournalism Tips and tricks in assignments
  3. 3. History of photojournalism 150 years of photojournalism Early E l war photography h t h Photography and social change Development of 35mm Picture magazines Farm Securities Administration (FSA) World War 2 and after Magnum Photos
  4. 4. History of photojournalism The 1950s Vietnam Vi t Threat from television The new photojournalism War at the end of the 20th century Digital technology Citizen journalism The future
  5. 5. History of photojournalism BERESON ERWITT NATCHWAY MARK CAPA
  6. 6. Journalism and photojournalism
  7. 7. Journalism and photojournalismContactsThis module will enable you to: build up a contacts book understand the value of having good contacts develop a method of finding ideas
  8. 8. Journalism and photojournalism ContactsContacts bookValue of contactsPress and information officersColleaguesThe internetExercise
  9. 9. Journalism and photojournalismEditorial valuesThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t identify the values that underpin journalism understand h d t d how th these values are put i t l t into practice behave responsibly as a journalist
  10. 10. Journalism and photojournalism Editorial valuesAccuracyFairnessObjectivityResponsibility
  11. 11. Journalism and photojournalismEditors and assignmentsThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t understand the role of a picture editor develop skills t approach editors d l kill to h dit identify the different kinds of assignments and sales
  12. 12. Journalism and photojournalism Editors and assignmentsChain of commandKinds of editorTeamworkResponsibilityR ibilitBuilding trustFind an allyGet involvedBe a journalistTypes of commission or sale
  13. 13. Journalism and photojournalismEthics in photojournalismThis module will enable you to: understand some of the moral issues that confront photojournalists identify guidelines for ethical conduct develop a personal code of ethics
  14. 14. Journalism and photojournalism Ethics in photojournalismManipulation of picturesSetting up picturesMisuse of images by clientsThe public interest v. individual rightsHow to decide
  15. 15. Journalism and photojournalismIdeasThis module will enable you to: distinguish between images and illustrations understand where you are likely to find good visual images develop a sense of what the market wants
  16. 16. Journalism and photojournalismIdeasWhatWh t makes a good idea? k d id ?Stand-alone imagesJournalistic images versus illustrationsHow do you find ideas?What the market wantsIs it worth it?Exercise
  17. 17. Journalism and photojournalismRole of the journalistThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t understand the role journalists play in society be aware of the constraints under which a j journalist works identify the skills a journalist needs
  18. 18. Journalism and photojournalism Role of the journalistWhat do journalists do?Constraints on journalistsEditorial guidelinesActive journalismProcessing and presenting
  19. 19. Journalism and photojournalismWhat is news?This module will enable you to: identify different kinds of news test information for its newsworthiness understand the market for news
  20. 20. Journalism and photojournalism What is news?NewImportantInterestingRelevantTesting for newsworthinessTimingg
  21. 21. Journalism and photojournalismWriting captionsThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t write appropriate captions to your pictures practise writing clear, concise captions ti iti l i ti understand the importance of getting facts rights
  22. 22. Journalism and photojournalism Writing captionsTest the picturesComplement the imageExplainGuide and engage the viewerWrite concisely
  23. 23. TECHNOLOGY
  24. 24. TECHNOLOGYColorThis module will enable you to: identify the strengths and weaknesses of the two modes of photography. understand color temperature and how to control it see in black and white get the maximum information into a black and white image
  25. 25. TECHNOLOGYColor versus black and whiteColorColor temperatureDaylightArtificial lightFiltersBlack and white (B/W)Seeing in black and whiteLatitudeL tit dFiltersDigital camerasPrinting
  26. 26. TECHNOLOGYcompositionThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t use the elements of composition to create appealing images compose pictures that tell a story develop an individual style
  27. 27. TECHNOLOGY CompositionLearn to see photographicallyStudy picturesSt d pict resRule of thirdsBalanceVerticals and horizontalsForeground and backgroundFocusUsing the framePositive and negative spaceLightTone and contrastPatterns and linesDon’t forget the message
  28. 28. TECHNOLOGYExposureThis module will enable you to: understand the relationship between shutter speed, aperture and film speed use different ways of metering exposure expose for both negative film and digital cameras recognize the effects of over- and under exposure over under-exposure use camera controls creatively
  29. 29. TECHNOLOGY ExposureCamera controls – shutter speed, aperture and film speedMeteringExposure latitudeTypes of filmOver- and under-exposureMetering in difficult lightPracticeLighting ratiosExerciseTechnical criteria
  30. 30. TECHNOLOGYFlashThis module will enable you to: identify the different techniques of portable flash use flash to create natural effects
  31. 31. TECHNOLOGY FlashFlash powerDirect flashFill flashFlash as the main lightSeparate flash from cameraSynchronizing with shutter speedBalancing flashFlash blurBounce flashTips
  32. 32. TECHNOLOGYLensesThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t understand the effects created by lenses of different focal lengths use standard, wide-angle, telephoto and specialist lenses creatively p y
  33. 33. TECHNOLOGY LensesRange of lensesLens speedCamera shakeStandard lSt d d lensWide-angle lensesTelephoto and long lensesExtreme lensesSpecialist lensesZooms
  34. 34. TECHNOLOGYLightThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t identify the various types of natural and artificial light understand the characters of different types of light g sharpen your awareness of light use light creatively g y
  35. 35. TECHNOLOGY LightTypes of lightT f li htQualities of lightTimes of dayArtificial lightFlashReflectorsLearning to see light
  36. 36. Tips and tricks in assignments
  37. 37. Tips and tricks in assignmentsClose-up and detailThis module will enable you to: fill the frame using both close-up and a long lens appreciate the usefulness of the close-up or detail h t d t il shot practice using very close focus
  38. 38. Tips and tricks in assignments Close-up and detailPlaying with scaleCompositionLensesValue of the close-upExerciseTechnical criteria
  39. 39. Tips and tricks in assignmentsEstablishing shotThis module will enable you to: understand the concept of setting up a story practice the wide shot develop your range of visual abilities
  40. 40. Tips and tricks in assignments Establishing shotTimingLandscapesCompositionExerciseTechnical criteria
  41. 41. Tips and tricks in assignmentsPerson at workThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t understand how to shoot a single image gain th confidence of strangers and access i the fid f t d to them at work develop your understanding of lenses film lenses, and equipment
  42. 42. Tips and tricks in assignments Person at workGuidelinesPractical adviceExerciseTechnical criteria
  43. 43. Tips and tricks in assignmentsPortraitThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t practice head shots, environmental portraits and groups make a portrait that reveals a person’s character understand the use of light in a portrait
  44. 44. Tips and tricks in assignments PortraitHead h tH d shotsEnvironmental portraitsGroupsGeneral principlePractical adviceExerciseTechnical criteria
  45. 45. Tips and tricks in assignmentsRelationshipsThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t gain confidence in working in intimate situations with strangers understand how body language and expression convey feelings develop your understanding of camera operation in the field
  46. 46. Tips and tricks in assignments RelationshipsTypes of relationshipT f l ti hiEmotion and body languageScalePlanningAccess and permissionExerciseTechnical criteria
  47. 47. Tips and tricks in assignments Single imageWhat is my message?Who is my audience?How to photographTechniqueLearning what works and what sellsEthical considerations
  48. 48. Tips and tricks in assignmentsThe momentThisThi module will enable you to: d l ill bl t practice spontaneous shooting in situations you do not control develop your instinctive control of the camera explore the movement and organization of the street
  49. 49. Tips and tricks in assignments The momentGuidelinesPractical adviceExerciseTechnical criteria

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