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The New Norm(al): Confronting What Open Means for Higher Education

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The opening provocation/keynote for #altc 2017, this talk examines open educational practices for a time of institutional decline & pervasive corporatism & sensationalism. It challenges the idea of norms and normal in the figure - and implied objectivity - of the Bell Curve, and posits instead the figure of the cyborg as a model for openness in fraught but important digital spaces.

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The New Norm(al): Confronting What Open Means for Higher Education

  1. 1. C O N F R O N T I N G W H AT O P E N M E A N S F O R H I G H E R E D U C AT I O N T H E N E W N O R M ( A L ) : Bonnie Stewart
 @bonstewart University of Prince Edward Island ALT-C 2017 #altc
  2. 2. N O R M A L . N O R M ( A L ) . N O R M .
  3. 3. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standard_deviation_diagram.svg
  4. 4. N O R M ( A L ) C A N = FA M I L I A R
  5. 5. N O R M ( A L ) C A N 
 = G AT E K E E P I N G O R …
  6. 6. E I T H E R WAY: 
 
 “ N O R M A L ” D I D N ’ T H E L P M E H E L P S T U D E N T S I N M Y F I R S T C L A S S R O O M
  7. 7. I P R O P O S E T H AT N O R M ( A L ) I S N ’ T H E L P I N G U S I N H I G H E R E D , E I T H E R .
  8. 8. – H E N RY S . H A S K I N S ( 1 9 4 0 ) “Normal is the wrong name often used for average.” https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standard_deviation_diagram.svg
  9. 9. https://www.flickr.com/photos/7304209@N02/16515490143
  10. 10. M A N Y O F U S L A B O U R F O R F R E E W I T H I N T H E A C A D E M I C P U B L I S H I N G S Y S T E M , Y E T W I T H O U T S E C U R E E M P L O Y M E N T T H AT R E WA R D S S E R V I C E
  11. 11. M A N Y O F U S A R E U N A B L E T O A C C E S S O R B E N E F I T F R O M T H E C I R C U L AT I O N O F O U R O W N S C H O L A R LY W O R K , D U E T O L A C K O F I N S T I T U T I O N A L A F F I L I AT I O N O R I N S T I T U T I O N A L L I M I TAT I O N O N J O U R N A L P U R C H A S E .
  12. 12. https://www.flickr.com/photos/jronaldlee/4585127996 NORM(AL): more students | fewer jobs | more bureaucracy | increased funding pressures
  13. 13. W E ’ R E G O I N G A B O U T I T 
 K I N D A W R O N G . I F O U R G O A L I S T O M A K E C H A N G E - I N P R A C T I C E S & K N O W L E D G E C R E AT I O N & E M P O W E R M E N T…
  14. 14. I N S T E A D , O U R T R A J E C T O R I E S O F C H A N G E S E E M T O I N C R E A S E I N E Q U A L I T I E S , R AT H E R T H A N P R O T E C T O R E X PA N D D E M O C R AT I C “ N O R M S . ”
  15. 15. W E L I V E I N A T I M E W H E N I N S T I T U T I O N S A R E U N D E R T H R E AT
  16. 16. A C A D E M I A I S N O T I M M U N E
  17. 17. L E A R N I N G T E C H N O L O G I E S C A N D I S R U P T G AT E K E E P I N G
  18. 18. B U T D I S R U P T I O N M AY N O T B E A M O D E L T H AT C A N P R E S E R V E I N S T I T U T I O N S
  19. 19. D I S R U P T I O N ≠ L E A R N I N G
  20. 20. W I D E N I N G PA R T I C I PAT I O N H A S T O B E A B O U T M O R E T H A N C H A I R S & T E C H
  21. 21. I S O P E N T H E P R O B L E M ? 
 I S O P E N T H E S O L U T I O N ? http://robinderosa.net/uncategorized/open-for-the-public-using-open-education-to-build-a-case-for-public-higher-ed/ - R O B I N D E R O S A , 2 0 1 6
  22. 22. I T M AY B E N E I T H E R . ! B U T I T I S T H E T R A J E C T O RY T H AT K E E P S H I G H E R E D F R O M B E I N G M O N O P O L I Z E D B Y O L D F O R M S O F G AT E K E E P I N G 
 & I N S T I T U T I O N S F R O M B E I N G U N D E R M I N E D B Y 
 N E W F O R M S .
  23. 23. – M A R T I N W E L L E R , 2 0 1 4 “Openness helps shape the identity…of higher education in general and its relationship to society.”
  24. 24. • WAIT.
 Open as…anything goes?!?
  25. 25. O P E N A S … L E S S E M P H A S I S O N G AT E K E E P I N G . ! O P E N A S … W I T H F E W E R B A R R I E R S .
  26. 26. O P E N A S … L E A R N I N G T O 
 E N G A G E B E Y O N D O U R S I L O S https://www.flickr.com/photos/docsearls/5500714140
  27. 27. A B U N D A N C E "For the first time in human history, two related propositions are true. One, it no longer is possible to store within the human brain all of the information that a human needs. Second, it no longer is necessary to store within the human brain all of the information that humans need. Education needs to be geared toward the handling of data rather than the accumulation of data.” – D AV I D B E R L O , 1 9 7 5
  28. 28. O P E N A S PA R T I C I PAT O RY, 
 N E T W O R K E D E N G A G E M E N T https://plus.google.com/+DaveGray/posts/CQRVeKEsUvF?pid=5751686447270321954&oid=117373186752666867801
  29. 29. O P E N A S B R E A K I N G D O W N B I N A R I E S & B O U N D A R I E S
  30. 30. • …While confronting 
 the decline of pet prestige economies.
  31. 31. … A N D C O N F R O N T I N G T H E C O R P O R AT E P L AT F O R M S O P E N R E L I E S U P O N .
  32. 32. O P E N A S A D A P T I V E C H A N G E
  33. 33. S O . H O W D O W E C O N F R O N T T H E WAT E R W E S W I M I N ?
  34. 34. H O W D O W E C O N F R O N T W H AT O P E N M E A N S F O R H I G H E R E D U C AT I O N ?
  35. 35. W E N E E D A M O D E L .
  36. 36. – J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D photo credit: Dawn Detweiler
  37. 37. photo credit: Dawn Detweiler
  38. 38. H O W W E S E E D E P E N D S O N W H E R E W E S TA N D .
  39. 39. A N E W ( O L D ) M O D E L F O R O P E N P R A C T I C E - HARAWAY’S CYBORG (1985)
  40. 40. – D O N N A H A R A WAY, 1 9 8 8 “The view from a body…a complex, contradictory, structuring, and structured body…situated knowledges allow us to become answerable for what we learn how to see.” photo credit: Neil Kramer
  41. 41. T H E C Y B O R G , C O N F R O N T E D
  42. 42. T H E C Y B O R G I S A F I G U R E O F S U B V E R S I O N
  43. 43. “The main trouble with cyborgs, of course, is that they are the illegitimate offspring of militarism and patriarchal capitalism, not to mention state socialism. But illegitimate offspring are often exceedingly unfaithful to their origins. Their fathers, after all, are inessential.” – D O N N A H A R A WAY, 1 9 9 1
  44. 44. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Unknown_engraver_-_Humani_Victus_Instrumenta_-_Ars_Coquinaria_-_WGA23954.jpg ! • ironic & faithful, “as blasphemy is faithful” ! • always hybrid ! • not born of purity or innocence ! • ties of affinity rather than identity
  45. 45. W H AT I S T H E C Y B O R G O F O U R E D - T E C H E R A B O R N F R O M ?
  46. 46. “””Those within the academy become very skilled at judging the stuff of reputations. ! Where has the person’s work been published, what claims of priority in discovery have
 they established, how often have they been cited, how and where reviewed, what 
 prizes won, what institutional ties earned, what organizations led?” 
 W – J O H N W I L L I N S K Y, 2 0 1 0
  47. 47. – M I K E C A U L F I E L D , 2 0 1 7 “As the financial model of the web formed around the twin pillars of advertising and monetization of personal data, things went awry.” Big data & big surveillance
  48. 48. FA I T H F U L T O …
  49. 49. W H AT W O U L D T H E C Y B O R G D O F R O M H E R E ? ( W W T C D ? )
  50. 50. http://www.longviewoneducation.org/social-media-isnt-for-learning/ – B E N J A M I N D O X D AT O R , 2 0 1 7
  51. 51. #antigonish2
  52. 52. N O T H I N G G O E S B A C K I N PA N D O R A’ S B O X
  53. 53. O P E N M E A N S B E L I E V I N G W E C A N D O S O M E T H I N G G O O D F R O M T H AT. ! ! T H A N K Y O U . @bonstewart

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