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Dissertation
Defense
April 17, 2015
SCHOLARSHIP IN ABUNDANCE:
INFLUENCE, ENGAGEMENT, &
ATTENTION IN SCHOLARLY NETWORKS


B...
scholarship
what people
had for lunch
NETWORKED SCHOLARSHIP
my research
¡ What counts as academic influence within open
networked circles?
¡ How does scholarly engagement in networks align
with...
WHY TWITTER?
(Lupton, 2014)
¡ How does networked
scholarship assemble in
“differential patterns
of matter-ing”?
A SOCIO-MATERIAL APPROACH
(Barad, 2007...
¡  13 participants
¡  Twitter “residents”* for at
least 2 years
¡  Varied institutional
affiliations & roles
¡  Canada, ...
¡  ETHNOGRAPHIC
§  Participant Observation
§  24 hour Reflections
§  Blog Posts
§  Profile Reflections
§  Interviews
§...
capacity to
contribute to
“The
Conversation”
scale of visibility
common
interests &
disciplines
shared ties
PAPER #1
INFLU...
INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATION
DOESN’T MATTER
(EXCEPT OXFORD)
MATTER-ING MATTERS
Sometimes…I’ll choose
someone with twenty
followers, because I come
across something they’ve
managed to...
PAPER #2
NETWORKED PRACTICES = SCHOLARSHIP
¡ Scholarship of discovery
¡ Scholarship of integration
¡ Scholarship of app...
BUT A
SCHOLARSHIP OF ABUNDANCE
h"ps://www.flickr.com/photos/92998734@N03/8466586880/	
  
PAPER #3
ATTENTION & VISIBILITY = VULNERABILITY
commodification + institutional indictments of deviance
+ re-inscription of...
AND ATTENTION & VISIBILITY = CARE
¡  Networks operate in distinct patterns of connection,
curation, and collaboration
¡  Networked scholarly practices ena...
¡  Networks becoming
institutionalized
¡  Consequences of public
speech becoming amplified
¡  Class and growing
academic...
THANK YOU
Many thanks to Dr. Sandy McAuley & Dr. Udo Krautwurst of UPEI, & Dr. Alec
Couros of the University of Regina for...
¡  Barad, K. (2007). Meeting the universe halfway: quantum physics and the
entanglement of matter and meaning. Durham, NC...
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Scholarship in Abundance: Influence, Engagement & Attention in Scholarly Networks

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In an era of knowledge abundance, scholars have the capacity to distribute and share ideas and artifacts via digital networks, yet networked scholarly engagement often remains unrecognized within institutional spheres of influence. The purpose of this dissertation study is to explore the meanings constructed and enacted within the networked practices of 13 scholars actively engaged in both institutional and networked participatory scholarship. Using ethnographic methods including participant observation, interviews, and document analysis, the study investigates networks as sites of scholarship, with the intent of furthering institutional academia’s understanding of networked practices.

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Scholarship in Abundance: Influence, Engagement & Attention in Scholarly Networks

  1. 1. Dissertation Defense April 17, 2015 SCHOLARSHIP IN ABUNDANCE: INFLUENCE, ENGAGEMENT, & ATTENTION IN SCHOLARLY NETWORKS 
 BONNIE STEWART FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
  2. 2. scholarship what people had for lunch NETWORKED SCHOLARSHIP my research
  3. 3. ¡ What counts as academic influence within open networked circles? ¡ How does scholarly engagement in networks align with institutional scholarship? ¡ How do attention and visibility operate on Twitter, and how do they shape participants’ experiences of care and risk within networks? ¡  (PS – What are the consequences of opening up scholarly publics to networks’ viral scale?) A THREE FOUR PAPER THESIS
  4. 4. WHY TWITTER? (Lupton, 2014)
  5. 5. ¡ How does networked scholarship assemble in “differential patterns of matter-ing”? A SOCIO-MATERIAL APPROACH (Barad, 2007) “situated knowledges”
  6. 6. ¡  13 participants ¡  Twitter “residents”* for at least 2 years ¡  Varied institutional affiliations & roles ¡  Canada, the US, Mexico, Ireland, Italy, South Africa, Singapore, Australia ¡  200-15,000 Twitter followers ¡  Agreed to public ID THE STUDY *(White & LeCornu, 2011)
  7. 7. ¡  ETHNOGRAPHIC §  Participant Observation §  24 hour Reflections §  Blog Posts §  Profile Reflections §  Interviews §  Open Coding ¡  PARTICIPATORY §  Invitations to expand, clarify, or reframe METHODOLOGIES & METHODS
  8. 8. capacity to contribute to “The Conversation” scale of visibility common interests & disciplines shared ties PAPER #1 INFLUENCE = CAPACITY TO CONTRIBUTE
  9. 9. INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATION DOESN’T MATTER (EXCEPT OXFORD)
  10. 10. MATTER-ING MATTERS Sometimes…I’ll choose someone with twenty followers, because I come across something they’ve managed to say in 140 characters, and I think “oh, look at you, crafting on a grain of rice.” - @KateMfD h"ps://www.flickr.com/photos/visualpanic/843670538  
  11. 11. PAPER #2 NETWORKED PRACTICES = SCHOLARSHIP ¡ Scholarship of discovery ¡ Scholarship of integration ¡ Scholarship of application ¡ Scholarship of teaching ! (Boyer, 1990)
  12. 12. BUT A SCHOLARSHIP OF ABUNDANCE h"ps://www.flickr.com/photos/92998734@N03/8466586880/  
  13. 13. PAPER #3 ATTENTION & VISIBILITY = VULNERABILITY commodification + institutional indictments of deviance + re-inscription of societal biases
  14. 14. AND ATTENTION & VISIBILITY = CARE
  15. 15. ¡  Networks operate in distinct patterns of connection, curation, and collaboration ¡  Networked scholarly practices enable and demand scholars’ individual – rather than institutional – cultivation of influence, visibility, and audiences ¡  Digital networks offer participants a sense of being someone who can contribute, and contributions open new doors into institutional prestige economy ¡  The intersection of high network status with lower or unclear institutional status creates identity dissonance OVERALL FINDINGS: DIFFERENTIAL PATTERNS OF MATTER-ING
  16. 16. ¡  Networks becoming institutionalized ¡  Consequences of public speech becoming amplified ¡  Class and growing academic precarity affect whether/ for whom scholarly practices continue to be viable IMPLICATIONS + FUTURE RESEARCH
  17. 17. THANK YOU Many thanks to Dr. Sandy McAuley & Dr. Udo Krautwurst of UPEI, & Dr. Alec Couros of the University of Regina for support and direction.
  18. 18. ¡  Barad, K. (2007). Meeting the universe halfway: quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. ¡  Boyer, E. (1990). Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate. Princeton, NJ: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. ¡  Haraway, D. (1988). Situated knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective. Feminist Studies, 14(3), 575-599. ¡  Lupton, D.A. (2014).‘Feeling Better Connected’: Academics’ Use of Social Media. Canberra: News & Media Research Centre, University of Canberra. ¡  White, D. S., & LeCornu, A. (2011). Visitors and residents: A new typology for online engagement. First Monday, 16(9). This research was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada through a Joseph-Armand Bombardier CGS Doctoral Scholarship award, by the University of Prince Edward Island, & by BMO. @BONSTEWART

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