"Development Theories and Policies: Political-Economic Strategies in Historical Perspective"
(Lecture for the Master's in Development and International Relations Programme, Aalborg University, Denmark)
The lecture topic will be held in two sessions, on 22 September and 13 October. The first session will give a survey and review of the debates that have shaped development theory and policy in the last 500 years. It will investigate the causes of the wealth and poverty of nations, examining varying factors identified in development thought and practice from 17thcentury to the present (such as population, culture, religion, race, colonialism, imperialism, institutions, policy, geography, technology, and specific economic activities).
The second session will give an overview of political-economic development strategies that have made rich countries rich, from England to continental Europe and the USA in the 17th-20th centuries, and East Asia in the late 20th century. At the same time, it will discuss why poor countries stay poor. Special attention is given to policy success and failures in specific contexts, history of colonialism, theory of uneven economic development, and 'welfare colonialism' in development aid system.
The lecture will be discussed in an interdisciplinary approach derived from the fields of critical political economy, development economics, and economic history. It will give special emphasis not only on the 'history of development thought' (i.e., what theorists said must happen) but on the seemingly non-existent academic discipline: the 'history of development policy' (i.e., what policies were actually followed).