Knight Tpol 10.Ppt


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  • Knight Tpol 10.Ppt

    1. 1. Theory and Practice of Online Learning Chapter 10 EDET J755 – Summer I, 2009 Bonnie G. Knight
    2. 2. Instructional Design In An Ideal World <ul><li>Stable instructional designs of online learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate media have been selected </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies selected are appropriate for the course content </li></ul><ul><li>Designs are cost-effective and practical for use </li></ul>
    3. 3. Distinct Institutional Models for Online Instruction <ul><li>Gains support from faculty, administrators, and students </li></ul><ul><li>Supports the design, development and implementation of high quality instruction </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is an Online Course? <ul><li>Currently, there is no standard or accepted definition. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two Distinct Categories Now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Text Based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online Delivery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Early Days of Online Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All were delivered as text-based courses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanteges </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticisms </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twenty First Century Shifts In Online Course Development </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Twenty First Century Shifts In Online Course Development <ul><li>Attempt to use the strengths of the Internet as a teaching and learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Management Systems (LMS) are now used extensively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the benefits? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the choices? </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Learner-Centered Design <ul><li>Places the control of learning itself into the hands of the students </li></ul><ul><li>Has led to the emergence of </li></ul><ul><li>“ E-Learning 2.0” </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to Implications for instructional design and development </li></ul>
    7. 7. Persuading Faculty Members To Use Educational Technology <ul><li>Using technology - accepted as a workable vehicle for instruction delivery only in the past few years </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty members - need to feel they are receiving encouragement and support in all areas of online development </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving compliance - Make using technology more meaningful for instructors </li></ul>
    8. 8. Concerns Regarding Online Course Pedagogy Must Be Addressed <ul><li>Online instruction is still considered a novelty rather than a standard </li></ul><ul><li>The Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education must be followed </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and Access must be balanced </li></ul>
    9. 9. Promoting Active Learning Leading to High-Order Thinking integrate formative assessment create material that is a little more difficult create opportunities for high levels of interaction emphasize cognitive flexibility use problems that require students to understand there may be no one correct answer Promote active learning to lead to the development of high-order and critical thinking skills Instructionally innovative ways in which to deliver course content can be developed
    10. 10. Learn How to Teach Online <ul><li>Enroll in an online course </li></ul><ul><li>Think of learning online as a different kind of classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare yourself for the investment of time and effort required </li></ul><ul><li>Use technology extensively to answer students </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative in using technology to teach more effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Lay out the ground rules immediately </li></ul>
    11. 11. Technical Skills Are Necessary For Online Teaching Have a basic understanding of how web browsers work on different types of computers. Understand basic Internet functions, bandwidth, and connection speeds. Make sure you are very comfortable with using email. Find out if your institution supplies regular training for software. Teaching online may require learning new software applications. Teaching online requires one to possess at least basic PC skills.
    12. 12. Make the Course Successful <ul><li>Plan and design the course completely </li></ul><ul><li>Manage Time And Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Create a frequently asked questions (FAQ) page </li></ul><ul><li>Refer students to a help-desk contact </li></ul><ul><li>Learn where you can find help and resources </li></ul>
    13. 13. Creating a Quality Course <ul><li>Centralize web development into one department or unit </li></ul><ul><li>Use repositories of reusable learning objects </li></ul><ul><li>Use the capabilities of Web 2.0 </li></ul>
    14. 14. The Course Development Team Instructional Designer & Graphic designer & Web developer & Programmer & Subject Matter Expert (SME)
    15. 15. Developing Effective Instructional Materials <ul><li>Depends on planning, collaboration and the efforts of many people; </li></ul><ul><li>Online multimedia and course development; </li></ul><ul><li>Pegogical Standards; </li></ul><ul><li>And everyone involved in online instructional development . </li></ul>
    16. 16. Bibliography <ul><li>Ganjalizadeh, Saiid (2006, September 15). OVERVIEW OF OPENSOURCE LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. Retrieved June 10, 2009, from Educause Web site: http://net. educause . edu / ir /library/pdf/DEC0602.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Theory and Practice of Online Learning, 2 nd Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Anderson, T. & Elloumi, F. (Eds.). (2008) Theory and Practice of Online Learning , 2 nd edition, Athabasca, AB, Canada: Athabasca University. </li></ul>