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Reasons for citations


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Brief Lecture for BIOL 388, Parasitology

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Reasons for citations

  1. 1. CitationsWhy do scholars cite the things they cite?
  2. 2. Conceptual vs. Operational • A reference can refer to • The evolutionary lineage a concept, theory, or described by Smith idea in an original paper (2009) suggests that... • A reference can also • Using the multivariate refer to a technique, statistical techniques method or piece of developed by Jones equipment used in (1985) we analyzed... another studyMoravcsik, M. J., & Murugesan, P. (1975). Some Results on the Function and Quality of Citations. Social studies of science, 5(1), 86-92. Sage Publications. Retrieved from
  3. 3. Organic or Perfunctory• An organic reference is • Miller (2003) outlined one that is required for the basic concepts that understanding what is we build on here. going on in the current paper• A perfunctory reference • Other researchers have is one that simply examined this issue as acknowledges the well (Xi, 2003; Baker, existence of other work 1999).
  4. 4. Evolutionary or Juxtapositional • The original paper is • This research builds on cited because the work conducted in the current paper builds on 1990s by several the ideas in it researchers (Miller, 2004, Smith 2002) • The original paper is cited because the • Our study suggests an current paper offers an alternative explanation alternative to the than that offered by original paper Harper (1993).
  5. 5. Confirmative or Negational• The current paper can • As suggested by Smith confirm the work of the (1999), our findings original paper confirm that...• The current paper can • The method used by dispute the findings of Jones (2004) was not the original paper rigorous enough to support their conclusions.
  6. 6. Interesting Correlations Concepts CorrelationArticle titles that ask a question Decreased [1] Funny article titles Decreased [2] Bigger reference section Increased [3] Coverage in the popular news Increased [4] Sharing research data Increased [5] Open Access Increased [6]
  7. 7. Citation Correlation References 1. Jamali, H. R., & Nikzad, M. (2011). Article title type and its relation with the number of downloads and citations. Scientometrics, (49), 653-661. doi:10.1007/s11192-011-0412-z 2. Sagi, I., & Yechiam, E. (2008). Amusing titles in scientific journals and article citation. Journal of Information Science, 34(5), 680-687. doi:10.1177/0165551507086261 3. Corbyn, Z. (2010). An easy way to boost a paper’s citations. Nature. Nature Publishing Group. doi:10.1038/news.2010.406 4. Phillips, D. P., Kanter, E. J., Bednarczyk, B., & Tastad, P. L. (1991). Importance of the Lay Press in the Transmission of Medical Knowledge to the Scientific Community. The New England Journal of Medicine, 325(16), 1180-1183. 5. Piwowar, H. a, Day, R. S., & Fridsma, D. B. (2007). Sharing detailed research data is associated with increased citation rate. PloS one, 2(3), e308. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000308 6. Wagner, A. B. (2010). Open access citation advantage: an annotated bibliography. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, (60). Retrieved from article2.html •