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Vancouver Referencing Jan 2018

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Guide to Vancouver Referencing at Bond University

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Vancouver Referencing Jan 2018

  1. 1. Vancouver Style REFERENCING GUIDE AT A GLANCE • This guide is based on the AMA Manual of Style, available: - Online at http://ezproxy.bond.edu.au/login?url=http://www .amamanualofstyle.com - On the Main Library shelves at R119 .A533 2007 • Refer to the manual for more detail than this guide provides. With minor variations, the referencing outlined in this guide matches that required for submission to JAMA journals. • The 'JAMA - Bond' EndNote style can be used for referencing according to this guide. - If it's not already installed see this page for information on installing: http://bond.libguides.com/endnote/referencing-styles.
  2. 2. 1 EXAMPLE ASSIGNMENT In-text citations IN-TEXT CITATIONS • A consecutive number is allocated to each source as it is referred to for the first time, and is then used for that source every time it is referred to subsequently • Use superscript numbers without brackets, e.g. found by Smith1 • When citing multiple references at a given place in your paper, separate these with commas. A hyphen is used where more than two references are consecutive. No spacing is used for in-text citations: as reported previously2,3 The derived data were as follows 2-4,7 : • Including page numbers is helpful for direct quotes, or if you wish to cite a specific page of a source. Use brackets only around the page numbers. • For EndNote add these details into the suffix of the Word in-text citation e.g. (p21) or (pp3,5) stated that "the findings require replication to determine clinical utility"2(p21) Westman5(pp3,5),9 reported 8 cases in which vomiting occurred • A secondary citation is where you cite something that someone else has cited, and you have not seen the original work. See the section 'Secondary citations' below • If naming the author(s) as part of your citation, use only the surname. For a 2-author citation list both, e.g. Doe and Roe3 noted that. For more than 2 authors use et al, e.g. Doe et al3 reported that Reference list PubMed abbreviations are used for journal titles In-text references are placed outside of full stops and commas, but inside of colons and semi-colons. Numbers are used in the body of the text to indicate where someone else’s work is being referred to A numbered list at the end of the text provides full details for each corresponding in- text reference
  3. 3. 2 Author Title of book (italicised, and major words capitalised) City of publication Country of publication (if city not well known) Indicates editors rather than authors REFERENCE LIST EXAMPLES Book................................................................................................................................................. 2 Ebook............................................................................................................................................... 3 Chapter in a book/ebook.................................................................................................................. 4 Dictionary entry................................................................................................................................ 4 Conference paper ............................................................................................................................ 4 Standard .......................................................................................................................................... 5 Report .............................................................................................................................................. 6 Patent............................................................................................................................................... 6 Thesis or dissertation....................................................................................................................... 6 Newspaper article............................................................................................................................ 7 Lecture materials ............................................................................................................................. 7 Assignment document ..................................................................................................................... 8 Journal article .................................................................................................................................. 8 Web page ........................................................................................................................................ 9 Podcast............................................................................................................................................ 10 Streaming video (including YouTube) ............................................................................................. 11 DVD/VHS recording......................................................................................................................... 11 Personal communications................................................................................................................ 12 Legal materials ................................................................................................................................ 12 Classical works (including religious works such as the Bible)......................................................... 14 Figures and tables from another source (including images) ........................................................... 15 Other useful information: Abbreviating journal names ............................................................................................................. 16 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................... 16 Secondary citations ......................................................................................................................... 16 Further information .......................................................................................................................... 17 BOOKS AND EBOOKS • Capitalise the major words of the book title, i.e. words such as 'in', 'of' and 'the' should be lowercase • If the city of publication is not well known, follow the city with the country name • If there are seven or more authors or editors list the first 3 followed by 'et al.' • For EndNote: Use the 'Book' reference type, or 'Edited Book' reference type for books with editors Book - One to six authors or editors 1. Hoppert M. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH; 2003. 1. Khan J, Kennedy TJ, Christian DR. Basic Principles of Forensic Chemistry. New York: Humana Press; 2012. 1. Gallen I, ed. Type 1 Diabetes: Clinical Management of the Athlete. London: Springer; 2012. 1. Gilstrap LC, Cunningham FG, Van Dorsten J, eds. Operative Obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. Publisher Year Indicates an editor rather than an author
  4. 4. 3 If 7 or more authors or editors, list the first 3 and use et al. Author/s of the chapter or part of the book Book - Seven or more authors or editors 1. Hofmeyr GJ, Neilson JP, Alfirevic Z, et al. A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2008. 1. Harrison TR, Longo DL, Kasper DL, et al, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012. Book - no author or editor 1. Dorland's Pocket Medical Dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2013. Book - edition other than first 1. Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobyashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical Microbiology. 4th ed. St Louis, United States: Mosby; 2002. Book is one volume of a multi-volume work 1. Lee GR, Bithell TC, Foerster J, Athens JW, Lukens JN, eds. Wintrobes Clinical Haematology. Vol 2. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1993. Book in a series 1. Bell L, ed. Forensic Microscopy for Skeletal Tissues: Methods and Protocols. New York: Humana Press; 2012. Methods in Molecular Biology; vol 915. Book - organisation as author • Where the publisher is an organisation and is part of a larger, better known organisation it is helpful to list them both separated by a comma. For EndNote, enter these details in the 'Publisher' field. eg. 'National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales' or 'Centers for Disease control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services' 1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Hospital Separations due to Injury and Poisoning, Australia 2006-07. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; 2012. 1. Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health. Standards for Childhood Immunisation. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service; 1994. EBOOKS • Electronic books are referenced in the same way as print books, with the addition of [ebook] after the title. All the examples above can be used where appropriate for ebooks, just add [ebook] after the title • Check the title page or other pages at the start of the book to find the place of publication; if none can be found, use [place unknown] • For EndNote: Use the 'Book' reference type, or 'Edited Book' reference type for books with editors. Add '[ebook]' in the 'Type of Work' field Ebook 1. Holroyd-Leduc J, Reddy M. Evidence-Based Geriatric Medicine [ebook]. Chichester, United Kingdom: Wiley; 2012. 1. Standring S, ed. Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice [ebook]. 40th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2008.
  5. 5. 4 Editor/s of the bookTitle of the chapter or part of the book (First word and proper nouns and acronyms capitalised)Author/s of the chapter or part of the book CHAPTER IN A BOOK/EBOOK • These examples are for a chapter or part of an edited book, where the chapter or part has an individual title and author/s • Only the first word of the title of the chapter or paper should be capitalised, except for proper nouns or acronyms • For EndNote: Use the 'Book Section' reference type. Add '[ebook]' in the 'Type of Work' field • If page numbers for an ebook are not present, use the chapter number instead Book chapter 1. Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, eds. The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002:93-113. 1. Ford HL, Sclafani RA, Degregori J. Cell cycle regulatory cascades. In: Stein GS, Pardee AB, eds. Cell Cycle and Growth Control: Biomolecular Regulation and Cancer. Hoboken, United States: Wiley-Liss; 2004:42-67. Ebook chapter - with page numbers 1. Atkins D, Barton M. The periodic health examination. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine [ebook]. 24th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2008:52-56. Ebook chapter - without page numbers, and place of publication unknown 1. Coleman E. Carbohydrate and exercise. In: Rosenbloom C, Coleman E, eds. Sports Nutrition: A Practice Manual for Professionals [ebook]. [place unknown]: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; 2012:chap 2. DICTIONARY ENTRY • A specific entry in a dictionary can be referenced by adding the entry information after the year. For EndNote put this information in the 'Detail' field, e.g. 'Biliary calculus; p. 203' • For EndNote: Use the 'Book' reference type, or 'Edited Book' reference type if the dictionary has editors Dictionary entry, print, with editor 1. O'Toole MT, ed. Mosby's Medical Dictionary. 9th ed. St Louis: Elsevier Mosby; 2013. Biliary calculus; p. 203. Dictionary entry, print, no editor 1. The Times English Dictionary. London: Times Books; 2000. Seizure; p. 1200. Dictionary entry, e-book, no editor 1. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary [ebook]. London: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2011. Nairovirus; p. 1230. CONFERENCE PAPER (INCLUDING OTHER PRESENTATIONS AT CONFERENCES OR MEETINGS) Conference paper - published in a book/ebook of proceedings • For EndNote: Use the 'Book Section' reference type. For ebooks, enter 'ebook' in the 'Type of Work' field.
  6. 6. 5 In a book 1. Oudijk G. The history of leaded petrol in North America and Europe. In: Morrison RD, O'Sullivan G, eds. Environmental Forensics: Proceedings of the 2011 INEF Conference. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry; 2012:49-63. In an ebook 1. New MI, Parsa AA. Long range outcome of prenatal treatment. In: New MI, Simpson JL, eds. Hormonal and Genetic Basis of Sexual Differentiation Disorders and Hot Topics in Endocrinology: Proceedings of the 2nd World Conference [ebook]. New York: Springer; 2011:33-36. Conference paper - published in a journal • Treat this the same as a journal article, as shown on page 9 of this guide. For EndNote: use the 'Journal Article' reference type. This example has been published in a supplement to a volume of the journal . Erten S, Chowdhury SA, Guan X, et al. Identifying stage-specific protein subnetworks for colorectal cancer. BMC Proc. 2012;6(suppl 7):S1. doi:10.1186/1753-6561-6-S7-S1. Conference paper - not published in a book or journal, found online • For EndNote use the 'Conference Paper' reference type. Put the type of presentation in the 'Type' field, e.g. Paper, Poster, Seminar etc. Put the entire date in 'Access Date' field, eg. May 7, 2010, and the URL in the 'URL' field 1. Bennett C. Are we there yet? - a journey of health reform in Australia. Paper presented at: College of Medicine Health Leadership Series 2013; March 18, 2013; Sydney. http://www.nd.edu.au/__data/ assets/pdf_file/0005/117752/Are-we-there-yet-A-journey-of-health-reform-in-Australia.pdf. Accessed April 4, 2013. Conference paper - not published in a book or journal • For EndNote use the 'Conference Paper' reference type. Put the type of presentation in the 'Type' field, e.g. Paper, Poster, Seminar etc. 1. Wikswo M, Hall AJ. A novel surveillance system for person-to-person enteric disease outbreaks. Paper presented at: International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases; March 13, 2012; Atlanta, United States. STANDARD • Referenced in the same way as a book, except the standard number is added after the year of publication • When there is more than one publisher listed just use the first (for example a standard jointly published by Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand) • For EndNote: Use the 'Book' reference type. Put the standard number in the 'Detail' field • Multiple organisations as authors should be separated by a semicolon rather than a comma. For EndNote this can be achieved by listing the organisations together on one line of the 'Author' field, e.g. 'Standards Australia; Standards New Zealand,' Standard 1. Standards Australia; Standards New Zealand. Sterilization of Health Care Products - Radiation Part 2 - Establishing the Sterilization Dose. Sydney: Standards Australia; 2006. AS/NZS ISO 11137.2:2006. 1. International Organization for Standardization. Risk Management: Principles and Guidelines. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization; 2009. ISO 31000:2009(E).
  7. 7. 6 This is the full title of this particular report REPORT • A report is a more formal text document, often with a title and authors, and sometimes (but not always) having an official report number. This includes scientific, technical or other organisational reports Report - in print • Treat these as a book. Extra detail such as a report number can be added at the end • Where the publisher is an organisation and is part of a larger, better known organisation it is helpful to list them both separated by a comma. For EndNote, enter these details in the 'Publisher' field. e.g. 'National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales' or 'Centers for Disease control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services' • For EndNote: Use the 'Book' reference type, and place details such as report numbers in the 'Detail' field 1. McKetin R, Chalmers J, Burns L, et al. Research to Explain and Respond to the Ecstasy Use Situation in Australia: a Birth Cohort Analysis of National Ecstasy Use Trends. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales; 2010. NDARC technical report 313. 1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Disability, Ageing and Carers: Summary of Findings. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 1999. ABS publication 4430.0. Report - online • Treat these as a webpage. Any extra detail such as a report number should be added before the URL • For EndNote: Use the 'Web Page' reference type, and place details such as report numbers in the 'Description' field 1. Turban D. Isotopic ratios of uranium in uranium salts and pitchblende. Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency Technical Report No 160. http://www.arpansa.gov.au/pubs/technicalreports/tr160.pdf. Published 2012. Accessed November 8, 2013. 1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Regional population growth, Australia, 2007-08: Queensland. Australian Bureau of Statistics Cat No 3218.0. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/3218.0Main%20Features62007- 08?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=3218.0&issue=2007-08&num=&view=. Published 2009. Accessed November 8, 2013. 1. World Health Organization. Equitable access to essential medicines: a framework for collective action. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2004/WHO_EDM_2004.4.pdf. Published 2004. Accessed October 29, 2013. PATENT • The date of publication of the patent is included at the end • For EndNote: Use the 'Patent' reference type. Put the patent type in the 'Country' field, eg. United States, Australian, European etc. 1. Pagedas A, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent 20020103498. August 1, 2002. THESIS OR DISSERTATION • For EndNote: Use the 'Thesis' reference type. Put the type of thesis in the 'Thesis type' field, eg. 'master's dissertation'
  8. 8. 7 The type of thesis or dissertation, as listed in the thesis or dissertation Lecturer’s name Title of lecture Description of the materials Week Subject code Thesis or dissertation 1. McGlynn M. Weighing the evidence: clinical decision making in neurological physical therapy [Masters of Science thesis]. Toronto: University of Toronto; 2004. 1. McLellan CP. Neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine and physiological responses of elite rugby league players to competitive match-play [PhD thesis]. Gold Coast, Australia: Bond University; 2010. 1. Borkowski M. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of hispanic Americans [master's dissertation]. Mount Pleasant, United States: Central Michigan University; 2002. NEWSPAPER ARTICLE • For EndNote: Use the 'Newspaper article' reference type. Put the page numbers in the 'Pages' field • If you have found the article on the web include the URL and the date accessed. If you have found the article using a subscription library databases (such as Library Search, Proquest, Factiva and Pressdisplay) do not include this information Newspaper article - online, no page numbers 1. Hashim S. Late-night snacks ‘could wreak havoc on your memory’. Daily Telegraph. January 6, 2016. http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/lifestyle/health/late-night-snacks-could-wreak-havoc-on- your-memory/story-fni0dihe-1227698559429. Accessed January 7, 2016. Newspaper article - online, no author, no page numbers 1. Diseased organs may be used to deter smokers. Sydney Morning Herald. June 29, 2005. http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/diseased-organs-may-be-used-to-deter-smokers/2005/06/ 29/1119724681753.html. Accessed September 19, 2013. Newspaper article - online, with no page numbers, found in library database 1. Dearne K. Dispensing with the chemist. Australian. June 14, 2005. Newspaper article - in print 1. O'Leary C. Vitamin C does little to prevent winter cold. West Australian. Jun 29, 2005:1. Newspaper article - in print, no author 1. Stiff warning on potency tablet. Gold Coast Bulletin. August 30, 2012:3. LECTURE MATERIALS • For EndNote: Use the 'Web page' reference type. Put the type of materials in the 'Type of Medium' field, e.g. 'unpublished lecture materials'. Put details of the lecture (week, course code etc.) in the 'Description' field. The URL, date accessed etc. may be omitted. 1. Tajouri L. Viruses and viral replication. [unpublished lecture materials]. Week 3, MBBS-YR1_132, MBBS Year One, Bond University, lecture given September 4, 2013. Place of publication, ie. location of the university Publisher, ie. the university or institution Further descriptive information which could help to identify the lectureDegree name and year of the degree
  9. 9. 8 Year This is the PubMed abbreviation for this journal name – it happens to be the same as the full journal name ASSIGNMENT DOCUMENT • For EndNote: Use the 'Web page' reference type. Put the type of materials in the 'Type of Medium' field, eg. 'unpublished assignment document'. Put details of the assignment document (eg. due date) in the 'Description' field. The URL, date accessed etc. may be omitted. 1. Smith J. Assignment 2: Reflective essay. [unpublished assignment document]. MEDI13-301, Medical Program Year One, Bond University, assignment document for assessment due October 11, 2018. JOURNAL ARTICLE • Capitalise only the first word of an article title, except for proper nouns or acronyms • Journal names are abbreviated. Use the Journals database on PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/journals) to find abbreviations. For journals not listed there see the section below, 'Abbreviating journal names' • For articles that you access online, include the DOI if it is findable. A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique number assigned to electronic information sources. Look for the DOI on the page where you accessed the article or in the article itself. It will look something like this: 10.1161/01.hyp.0000035706.28494.09. URLs are not required • For EndNote: Use 'Journal Article' reference type. For setting up EndNote to use abbreviations see the section below 'Abbreviating journal names' Journal article - one to six authors 1. Gappmaier E, Tavazoie SF, Jacketta MG. Cardiorespiratory response to exercise on a large therapeutic roll. Cardiopulm Phys Ther J. 2013;24(3):5-13. 1. Drummond P. Triggers of motion sickness in migraine sufferers. Headache. 2005;45(6):656-656. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2005.05132.x. Journal article – seven or more authors 1. Larizza MF, Hodgson LA, Fenwick EK, et al. Feasibility of screening for diabetic retinopathy at an Australian pathology collection service: a pilot study. Med J Aust. 2013;198(2):97-99. Journal article - organisation as author 1. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-686. doi:10.1161/01.hyp.0000035706.28494.09. Journal article - no author given 1. 21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184. doi:10.1136/bmj.325.7357.184. Lecturer’s name Title of assignment Description of the materials Subject code Degree name and year of the degree Further descriptive information which could help to identify the document Authors Title of the article (First word and proper nouns and acronyms capitalised) Journal name, abbreviated (see above for more information) Volume Issue Page numbers As stated above, include the DOI if it is findable If 7 or more authors, list the first 3 and use et al.
  10. 10. 9 Journal article - no page numbers • Some online articles will have an article number (eg. ' CD007160', 'e11' or even 'Article 52') instead of page numbers. Include these article numbers in place of the page numbers: 1. Cabello JB, Burls A, Emparanza JI, Bayliss S, Quinn T. Oxygen therapy for acute myocardial infarction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;8:CD007160. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007160.pub3. • Some journals are published online only and do not have page numbers: 1. Gore D, Haji SA, Balashanmugam A, et al. Light and electron microscopy of macular corneal dystrophy: a case study. Digit J Ophthalmol. 2004;10(1). Online without pagination. Journal article - issue with no volume 1. Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2002;(401):230-238. doi:10.1007/s11999-013-2843-8. Journal article - article is in a supplement to a volume • For EndNote: include the supplement information in the 'Issue' field, in this case the field would contain suppl 2 1. Géraud G, Spierings ELH, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short and long- term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42(suppl 2):93-99. doi:10.1046/j.1526-4610.42.s2.7.x. Journal article - article is in a supplement to an issue • For Endnote: include the supplement information in the 'Issue' field, in this case the field would contain 12)(suppl 7 1. Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12)(suppl 7):S6-S12. doi:10.1212/WNL.58.12_suppl_7.S6. Journal article - volume with part • For Endnote: include the part information in the 'Issue' field, in this case the field would contain pt 2 1. Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(pt 2):491-495. Journal article - issue with part • For Endnote: include the part information in the 'Issue' field, in this case the field would contain 9, pt 1 1. Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9, pt 1):923-928. WEB PAGES AND OTHER INTERNET MATERIALS • Many documents found online will fit best into other categories in this guide, e.g. an online newspaper article should be referenced as per the 'Newspaper articles' section above, online journal articles should be referenced as per the 'Journal articles' section, etc. • Often there will be no individual author/s listed for the material you are referencing; in this case very often you will need to use the organisation responsible for the web site that the material is on as the author. • The title of a web page should be in sentence casing, i.e. the first word is capitalised and all others are lower case except for proper nouns • URLs can be broken at appropriate points to go over multiple lines • Include both the 'Published' and 'Updated' dates if they can be found. Omit them if they aren't given.
  11. 11. 10 • For EndNote: Use the 'Web page' reference type. For web pages enter the name of the web site in the 'Description' field, e.g. 'Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Web site' Web page 1. Cadet J. AHA adjusts angioplasty stats to lower annual figure. Cardiovascular Business Web site. http://www.cardiovascularbusiness.com/index.php?option=com_articles&article=25634&publication= 22&view=portals. Published 2010. Accessed September 16, 2013. Web page (BMJ Best Practice) 1. Anagnostis P, Harsoulis F. Metabolic syndrome: definition. BMJ Best Practice Web site. http://bestpractice.bmj.com/best-practice/monograph/212/basics/definition.html. Updated September 20, 2013. Accessed November 6, 2013. Web page (UptoDate) 1. Barroso LF, Pegram PS. Diagnosis and treatment of diphtheria. UpToDate Web site. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diphtheria. Updated October 15, 2013. Accessed November 6, 2013. Web page - organisation as author, on the same organisation's website • It is not necessary to list the organisation twice in this situation 1. Prednisolone (eye): mode of action. Australian Medicines Handbook Web site. https://www.amh. net.au/online/view.php?page=chapter11/monographprednisolone-eye.html#mode.action. Updated July 2013. Accessed November 6, 2013. 1. CMS proposals to implement certain disclosure provisions of the Affordable Care Act. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Web site. http://www.cms.gov/apps/media/press/factsheet.asp? Counter=4221. Updated December 14, 2011. Accessed January 30, 2012. Web page - no published date or update date 1. Chronic diseases and associated risk factors. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Web site. http://www.aihw.gov.au/cdarf/index.cfm. Accessed September 16, 2013. Other internet materials • Detail about the format of the item being referenced can be included in square brackets after the title. For EndNote put this information in the 'Type of medium' field, e.g. 'podcast', 'streaming video', 'patient information brochure' • For EndNote: The name of a series, (e.g. 'Health Report') can be entered in the 'Series title' field • The author is the person or organisation primarily responsible for the content. If it's not obvious who the author is, the name of a host, editor, or director may be used. For EndNote, put these details in the 'Author' field e.g. 'Swan, Norman, presenter' Podcast 1. Swan N, presenter. Addressing unprofessional behaviour by doctors. Health Report [podcast]. http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/healthreport/addressing-unprofessional-behaviour-by- doctors/4945608. Published 2013. Accessed September 16, 2013. Author/s Title of web page (if this is not obvious, you may need to use your judgment to decide on a title) For a web page, include the name of web site URL of web page This particular web page listed a ‘published’ date, but no ‘updated’ date Date you accessed the web page This particular web page listed an ‘updated’ date, but no ‘published’ date
  12. 12. 11 Details about the format of the document can be included in square brackets after the title Tucker is prominently listed as the person mainly responsible for this DVD content, so no description such as director or editor is needed Streaming video (including YouTube) 1. American Physical Therapy Association. Move forward: physical therapy brings motion to life. [streaming video]. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sCKuRIBCDuQ. Published 2010. Accessed September 17, 2013. Streaming video - no author identifiable 1. Jabbed: love, fear and vaccines. [streaming video]. http://www.sbs.com.au/ondemand/video/ 30004803525/Jabbed-Love-Fear-And-Vaccines?utm_source=Lead-Marquee. Published 2013. Accessed September 17, 2013. Document found on the web: • Note that reports found on the web should be referenced according to the section 'Reports' above. A report is a more formal text document, often with a title and authors, and sometimes (but not always) having an official report number. For documents which aren't considered 'reports' use this format: 1. Department of Human Services. DEEWR electorate data - June 2012. http://www.humanservices. gov.au/spw/corporate/publications-and-resources/facts-and-figures/electorate-data/resources/ 2012/2012-06-deewr.pdf. Published 2012. Accessed November 8, 2013. 1. National Health and Medical Research Council. Blood clots: reducing your risk [patient information brochure]. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/cp125_stop_the_clot_ patient_brochure.pdf. Published 2010. Accessed November 11, 2013. DVD/VHS recording • The author is the person primarily responsible for the content. If it's not obvious who the author is, the name of a host, editor, or director may be used • Details such as the author, publisher etc. can often be found by viewing the library record for the item if one exists • If the city of publication is not well known, follow the city with the country name • For EndNote: Use the Audiovisual Material reference type. Enter the format in the 'Type' field. A person's role may be specified in the 'Author' field, e.g. 'Tarantino Q, director' • For online audiovisual content such as podcasts, YouTube and other streaming videos, see the section on Internet Materials above • Any helpful additional information can be included at the end of the reference, e.g. 'Season 1, episode 2'. For EndNote, put this information in the 'Detail' field DVD 1. Tarantino Q, director. Django Unchained [DVD]. London: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment; 2013. 1. Browning I, host. Live Strong: Closing the Gap on Chronic Disease [DVD]. Australia: Enhance TV; 2011. 1. Tucker S. Closing the Chain on Shoulder Rehabilitation and Injury Prevention [DVD]. Monterey, Unites States: Healthy Learning; 2012. For feature films, the director can be used as the person primarily responsible for the content Place of publication Publisher YearTitle (italicised, and major words capitalised)
  13. 13. 12 DVD - organisation as author 1. Rural Doctors Workforce Agency. Seachange, Treechange, Lifestyle Change [DVD]. Wayville, Australia: Rural Doctors Workforce Agency; 2010. DVD - program is part of a series • If there's both a program title and an episode title include both as follows (For EndNote put them both in the 'Title' field) 1. Lonergan K, producer, Sara S, presenter. Battling the Black Dog: Landline [DVD]. Australia: ABC TV; 2006. 1. Cohen J, reporter. Messing with Heads: New Research on the Long Term Effects of Cannabis: Four Corners [DVD]. Sydney: Australian Broadcasting Corporation; March 21, 2005. 1. Shore D, creator. Occam's Razor: House, MD [DVD]. Los Angeles: Universal; 2005. Season 1, episode 2. Personal communications • Do not include personal communications in the list of references. The examples below may be followed in the text of your paper. • Include the date and the form of the communication (email, telephone etc.) Also, include either the highest academic degree of the person, or other information to establish their authority (see the example below where Smith is identified as the drug's manufacturer). This information can be worked into the text, or included in brackets. • Permission should always be sought before using personal communications According to the manufacturer (Joan Smith, email communication, April 2013), the drug... ...as noted in a conversation with H.E. Marman, MD (August 2012). Dr. Jack Chiu, MBBS, who works at the clinic, stated in a telephone conversation (November 2013)... The patient, Ben Dawe, reported in a personal interview (December 2013) that... LEGAL MATERIALS • For legal materials, the Vancouver style refers readers to other dedicated legal referencing styles. Each country's legal system is different and so are the styles used. • Monash University have produced a useful list of legal abbreviations: http://guides.lib.monash.edu/content.php?pid=265196&sid=2189822 • For EndNote: EndNote is not well-suited to the complexities of various legal styles so you will largely need to construct your citation manually. Use the 'Legal Rule or Regulation' reference type. Enter the italicised part of the citation in the 'Title' field (e.g. Macpherson v Kevin J Prunty & Associates) and the non-italicised part into the 'Publisher' field (e.g. [1983] 1 VR 573.) Include all needed punctuation. Legal materials - Australian • For more detail on referencing Australian legal materials see Bond's guide to the Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC), available online at http://bond.libguides.com/australian-guide-to-legal-citation • If you wish to refer to a specific part of a legal document a pinpoint reference can be used, e.g. s 19 to refer to section 19. For more detail on pinpoint references see the online AGLC manual: http://www.law.unimelb.edu.au/files/dmfile/FinalOnlinePDF-2012Reprint.pdf Episode title Program title Program title Full episode title Extra descriptive detail can be placed at the end of the reference
  14. 14. 13 Legislation - Australian • Use one of the following abbreviations for the jurisdiction: Cth Commonwealth Qld Queensland NT Northern Territory ACT Australian Capital Territory SA South Australia WA Western Australia NSW New South Wales Tas Tasmania Vic Victoria Title Year (Jurisdiction abbreviation) Pinpoint. No pinpoint: 1. Health Workforce Australia Act 2009 (Cth). With pinpoint: 1. Mental Health Act 2000 (Qld) s 19. Reported Case - Australian Case Name (Year) Volume Law Report Starting page Pinpoint. • Some law reports do not have volume numbers, or the volume restarts at 1 every year; in this case use square brackets instead of rounded brackets No pinpoint 1. Macpherson v Kevin J Prunty & Associates [1983] 1 VR 573. With pinpoint 1. Trobridge v Hardy (1955) 94 CLR 147, 150. Unreported Case - Australian Case Name [Year] Court identifier Judgment number Full date [Pinpoint]. No pinpoint: 1. Quarmby v Keating [2009] TASSC 80 (9 September 2009). With pinpoint: 1. R v Swaffield [1998] HCA 1 (20 January 1998) [8]. Legal materials - US Case - US • For explanations of the examples below and more information on citing US cases seehttp://www.law.georgetown.edu/library/research/bluebook/citing-cases.cfm and p. 73 of the AMA Manual of Style.
  15. 15. 14 State case 1. Beachy v. Becerra, 609 NW2d 648 (Neb. 2000). US Supreme Court - official citation 1. New York Times Co. v. Tasini, 533 US 483 (2001). US District Court 1. City of Millville v. Rock, 683 F Supp 2d 319 (DNJ 2010). Legislation - US • For more information on citing US legislation see http://www.law.georgetown.edu/library/research/bluebook/citing-statutes.cfm and p. 75 of the AMA Manual of Style. You will sometimes see the symbol '§' used for the section. Federal statute 1. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970, 29 USC § 651 (2000). State statute 1. Md. Code. Ann Pub. Safety § 14-605 (LexisNexis 2003). Legal materials - Other jurisdictions • Please refer to the appropriate section of the online AGLC manual: http://www.law.unimelb.edu.au/files/dmfile/FinalOnlinePDF-2012Reprint.pdf CLASSICAL WORKS (INCLUDING RELIGIOUS WORKS SUCH AS THE BIBLE) • For classical works the details of publication are not relevant and can be omitted. Add information at the end of the reference detailing the section of the work being referenced e.g. Luke 2:13, or Book 1, Part 2. The Bible and the Qur'an have a standard format for this information, as per below. For EndNote use the 'Book' reference type and include the section information in the 'Detail' field. 1. The Bible. Luke 2:13. 1. The Qur'an. 40:3. • The version may be included at the end of the reference but is not essential: 1. The Bible. 1 Corinthians 3:4 (King James Version). • For works other than the Bible and the Qur'an use the section information as presented in the work itself, eg: 'Book 1, part 2': 1. Aristotle. Metaphysics. Book 1, part 2. 1. Shakespeare W. A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Act 2, scene 3, line 24. Book Chapter Verse Chapter Verse
  16. 16. 15 The source of the figure/image/table, in this case a webpage, is referenced normally FIGURES AND TABLES FROM ANOTHER SOURCE (INCLUDING IMAGES) • How to cite the figure or table: Either include the full reference in the caption underneath the figure or table, or list the full reference in the reference list and cite it in the caption, as per these examples: The septum is visible in cross-section in this image, from Visuals. McGraw-Hill Higher Education Web site. http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/ap/dynamichuman2/ content/cardio/visuals.mhtml. Accessed October 16, 2014. Image, ‘Internal view of heart’. Patient characteristics, from De Berardis G, Lucisano G, D’Ettorre A, et al. Association of aspirin use with major bleeding in patients with and without diabetes. JAMA. 2012;307(21):2286-2294. doi:10.1001/ jama.2012.5034. Table 1, Mean SBP and DBP and Percentage of Participants. A variation on the Sarvangasana yoga pose.3 • Format of the reference: Reference the original source of the figure or table (e.g. web page, book etc.) as normal, and add descriptive information about the figure or table at the end of this reference. For EndNote: Enter the descriptive information in the 'Detail' field. Figure or table sourced from a website • If the figure/table has a title include it in quotes: 1. Visuals. McGraw-Hill Higher Education Web site. http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/ap/content/ cardio/visuals.mhtml. Accessed May 16, 2014. Image, ‘Internal view of heart’. • If the figure/table has no title include a brief description of it: 1. Best thigh slimming exercises. Beauty Tips Web site. http://www.abeautyclub.com/best-thigh- slimming-exercises.html. Updated October 24, 2013. Accessed October 16, 2014. Image of woman in red top performing a lunge. 1. Jain, M. Are local hospitals prepared for Ebola? Huffington Post Web site. http://www.huffingtonpost. com/manoj-jain-md-mph/ebola-hospitals_b_5988590.html. Updated October 15, 2014. Accessed November 6, 2013. Image of three people wearing personal protective equipment. Figure or table sourced from a journal article 1. De Berardis G, Lucisano G, D’Ettorre A, et al. Association of aspirin use with major bleeding in patients with and without diabetes. JAMA. 2012;307(21):2286-2294. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.5034. Table 1, 'Mean SBP and DBP and percentage of participants'. Figure or table sourced from an e-book 1. Standring S, ed. Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice [ebook]. 40th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2008. Figure 5.2, 'Sections through hyaline cartilage'. Descriptive information about the figure/image/table is added at the end
  17. 17. 16 ABBREVIATIONS The following abbreviations may be used in your citations: ed edition Pt part et al and others rev revised No number (series) Suppl supplement p page/pages (book) Vol volume (book) ABBREVIATING JOURNAL NAMES Journal names are abbreviated. Use the Journals database on PubMed at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/journals to find abbreviations. If a journal is not listed there, its abbreviation may be constructed: • Minor words such as 'of' and 'the' are omitted • Standard abbreviations for other words can be found by using the ISSN's List of Title Word Abbreviations at http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php • Each word in the abbreviation is capitalised • For more guidance see the NLM's Fact Sheet on constructing journal titles, at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/constructitle.html For EndNote: To enable Endnote to substitute abbreviated journal names you must first set up the Journals Term List. If you work with multiple libraries this needs to be done for each library. 1. Go to Tools > Open Term Lists > Journal Term List 2. It's recommended that you first delete all existing Journal Terms: Right click on a journal, click Select All, then click Delete Term on the right. If there are no existing Journal Terms just go to the next step. 3. Click the Lists tab. Click Import List. Navigate to C:Program FilesEndNote X6Terms Lists, or C:Program FilesEndNote X7Terms Lists (depending on your version). Click on Medical.txt (these are the Index Medicus or PubMed abbreviations). Click Open. 4. You can also now import other lists to expand the available journal names/abbreviations. For example, you could import the BioScience.txt list from the same location on your C: drive. The University of Queensland also produce expanded journal lists you can add; see this page for information and downloads: https://www.library.uq.edu.au/faqs/endnote/journal_terms.html SECONDARY CITATIONS A secondary citation is where you cite something that someone else has cited, and you have not seen the original work. It is always preferable to read and cite the original work, and every effort should be made to obtain it. If it cannot be obtained: • In the text of your paper, cite the original source, rather than the secondary source. So, if Smith has cited Jones, but you have not seen the work by Jones: Jones et al1 reported that the statistical analysis suggested. And in the reference list, include the work by Smith at the end of the work by Jones: 1. Jones DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2002;(401):230-238.doi:10.1007/s11999-013-2843-8. Cited by: Smith NC, Lewis RJ, Pearn JH, et al. Arthroplasty in Australia: occurrence and clinical management. Med J Aust. 1986;145(11-12):584-590. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3751709/. Accessed September 18, 2013.
  18. 18. 17 • If you are referencing a quotation from the original source in the secondary source, replace 'Cited by:' with 'Quoted by:' in the reference list entry • EndNote cannot format these secondary citations; you will need to type them manually into your document FURTHER INFORMATION This is not a comprehensive guide. Vancouver referencing is based on the ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals’ which in turn refers to the NLM publication 'Citing Medicine' for the details of how to format references. The American Medical Association have adapted those sources to produce their own version of Vancouver which is outlined in the AMA Manual of Style. Please refer to the following sources when you require further information or more detailed examples: 1. Iverson C, Christiansen S, Flanagin A, et al. AMA Manual of Style: a Guide for Authors and Editors. New York: Oxford University Press; 2007. (available on the library shelves at: R119 .A533 2007) 2. Patrias K, ed. Citing Medicine: the NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 2nd ed. Bethesda, United States: National Library of Medicine; 2007. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine. Accessed September 23, 2013. SUGGESTIONS Your suggestions for improvements, corrections, etc. to this guide are welcome. Please let us know at askalibrarian@bond.edu.au Library Services 14 University Drive Robina QLD 4226 Australia Phone: +61 7 5595 1510 Email: library@bond.edu.au library.bond.edu.au Updated Jan 2018

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