BuB: A Philippine Experiment


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  • BuB: A Philippine Experiment

    1. 1. BOTTOM-UP BUDGETING: A Philippine Experiment
    2. 2. DBM – DILG – DSWD – NAPC Joint Memorandum Circular No. 3 series of 2012
    3. 3. WHAT IS BUB? an approach in preparing the budget proposal of agencies, taking into consideration the development needs of poor cities/municipalities as identified in their respective local poverty reduction action plans that shall be formulated with strong participation of basic sector organizations and other civil society organizations.
    4. 4. Why Bottom-Up Budgeting? President Benigno S. Aquino,III Having won a resounding electoral mandate on the back of people power, the thrust of President Aquino’s government is to give power back to the people.
    6. 6. Guiding Principles and Concepts of the BUB 1. Empower the poor to get themselves out of poverty 2. Poverty reduction (and local development) is a shared responsibility of government and citizens 3. Government can make its anti-poverty plans more responsive and effective by allowing for more citizens’ participation
    7. 7. Guiding Principles and Concepts of the BUB 4. Good governance (defined as transparent, accountable, participatory) significantly contributes to poverty reduction and community development 5. Good Governance can be promoted best through incentives rather than punitive measures for LGUs/NGAs 6. We can increase the demand for GG through effective and sustained citizens’ paxn in key governance processes such as planning and budgeting
    8. 8. Salient Features of the BUB 1. Final output to be produced by the local communities themselves (Local Poverty Reduction Action Plan or the LPRAP) 2. It will be produced by the Local Poverty Action Team per municipality/city (or the LPRAT) composed of equal representation from LGUs and CSOs 3. Budget for LPRAP will come from budgets of participating agencies
    9. 9. Conditional Requirements LOCAL LOCAL GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENTS PARTICIPATOR Y POVERTY REDUCTION PLANNING COMMUNITY // COMMUNITY CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS ORGANIZATIONS • Local plans must be signed and endorsed by 3 CSO representatives • LPRATs 50% LGU 50% CSOs • Local governments must also • attain a Seal of Good Housekeeping • strengthen their local financial management system • Technical capacity to implement projects • No unliquidated cash advance from host agencies
    10. 10. Coverage This circular shall cover the following participating agencies: •NGAs: 1. Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) 2. Department of Agriculture (DA) 3. Department of Education (DepEd) 4. Department of Energy (DOE) 5. Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) 6. Department of Health (DOH) 7. Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) 8. Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) 9. Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) 10. Department of Tourism (DOT) 11. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) 12. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) •Government Owned and Controlled Corporations (GOCCs): 13. National Electrification Administration (NEA) 10
    11. 11. •For Coordination and Oversight 11 1. Department of Budget and Management (DBM) 2. Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) 3. Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) 4. National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) 5. National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)
    12. 12. NAPC BASIC SECTORS               Farmers and landless rural workers Artisanal fisherfolk Urban poor Indigenous cultural communities/indigenous peoples Workers in the formal sector and migrant workers Workers in the informal sector Women Youth and students Persons with disabilities Victims of disasters and calamities Senior Citizens Non-government organizations (NGOs) Children Cooperatives
    13. 13. List of Qualified Projects 13 National Development Priorities Provision of Basic Social Services and Attainment of the MDG, including Poverty Reduction Hunger Mitigation and Elimination Job Generation and Inclusive Local Economic Development Climate Change Adaptation/Mitigation and Disaster Preparedness
    14. 14. Fund Source Funding for the implementation of approved BuB Projects shall be incorporated by the participating agencies and DBM into the FY 2014 National Expenditure Program. 14
    15. 15. PROVISION OF COUNTERPART FUNDS  Highly urbanized cities 30% of project cost All cities 20% of project cost 1st class – 3rd class municipalities 15% of project cost 4th class – 6th class municipalities 5% of project cost Cash counterpart: must be sourced out from LGU funds and included in the LGUs’ 2014 AIP and local budget No counterpart in the 2014 local budget thru the Appropriation Ordinance : no release of funding for PPRPs 15
    16. 16. THE LOCAL POVERTY REDUCTION ACTION TEAM (LPRAT) the group to spearhead the formulation and monitoring of the LPRAP 16
    17. 17. COMPOSITION Chairperson: Local Chief Executive (LCE) Co-Chairperson: A CSO representative Members: Representatives from Government, to wit: • Sangguniang Panlungsod/Bayan Member who is the Chairperson of the Committee on Appropriation; • All local government department heads such as the Planning Officer, Budget Officer, Agriculture Officer, Social Welfare and Development Officer, and Health Officer; • Representatives of national government agencies (NGAs) such as the DSWD municipal links, PESO manager and the DILG City/Municipal Local Government Operations Officer, the school 17 district supervisor and Agrarian Reform Officer
    18. 18. Composition  Representatives from Civil Society Organizations (must be residents of the city or municipality), to wit: a Pantawid Pamilya Parent-Leader; a Leader from DOH organized Community Health Teams; a Leader of the Parent-Teacher Associations; a Leader of a CSO accredited by LGUs; a Leader of a CSO accredited or recognized by any NGA; a Leader of a women’s group; a Leader of a basic sector organization; a Leader of a basic sector organization accredited by NAPC; a Leader of other community or grassroots organizations; and A representative from the business sector 18 The LPRAT shall be composed of an equal number of government representatives (including the LCE) and non-government representatives (civil society and business). It should also be composed of at least 40% women.
    19. 19. SELECTION OF CSO REPRESENTATIVES & SIGNATORIES The elected CSO representatives shall also elect among themselves the co-chair of the LRPAT and the three representatives who will sign the LPRAP. The three signatories must include: 1. a Pantawid Pamilya parent leader, the selection of whom shall be facilitated by the DSWD municipal link (If the city or municipality has no Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries, a Parent Teacher Association representative can serve as an alternative); 2. a representative from a basic sector organization or cooperative of any of the following sectors: farmers and landless rural workers, artisanal fisherfolk, formal labor and migrant workers, workers in the informal sector, indigenous peoples and cultural communities, women, persons with disabilities, senior citizens, victims of calamities and disasters, youth and students, children, or urban poor, the selection of which shall be facilitated by the LPRAP facilitator; and 19 3. a third CSO representative who is a member of the city or municipal local development council.
    20. 20. A. Sustainable Livelihood Program: DSWD -Microenterprise Development MENU OF PROGRAMS Track MENU (Php 10,000.00/pax capital assistance based on the need of the project) OF - Skills Training PROGRA - Common Service Facilities M B. KALAHI-CIDSS : - Basic social services sub-projects: community water systems, day care centers, barangay health stations, electrification, and tribal housing/shelter (DCC, BHS, - Php 750k-800k) - Basic access infrastructure: access roads, small bridges/footbridges and access trails - Community production, economic support and common services facilities: community economic enterprise training, equipment and materials support sub-projects, pre- and postharvest and small scale irrigation
    21. 21. MENU OF PROGRAMS DSWD B.KALAHI-CIDSS: - Environmental protection and conservation: drainage, river/flood control, sea wall, soil protection (rip rap), artificial coral reef sanctuary and sanitation facilities; and - Skills training and capability building sub-projects and others like light house/eco-tourism sub-projects C.Protective Services -Infrastructure Projects (Construction & Repair of DCC, Evacuation Center, Crisis Center) - Alternative program for older persons (feeding, CapBuild) - Capacity Building for the basic sectors - Supervised Neighborhood Play (SNP) – feeding program
    22. 22. PROJECT IDENTIFICATION  Project Identification: NEGATIVE LIST Projects below P500,000  Expansion of Pantawid Pamilya, Social Pension for Indigents Senior Citizens, PhilHEALTH coverage, vaccination programs  Housing Projects  Construction of school buildings, classrooms and rural health units  Farm to Market Roads  Law enforcement, fire protection and jail management related projects  Construction of city hall, training centers and other multi-purpose buildings  Purchase of motor vehicles, except those used for rescue in times of disaster  International Training, scholarships 