Front End Loader Heavy earthmoving equipment with a very large scoop bucket to scoop up or pick-up earth, materials, or large things on a jobsite too large for humans to pick-up.
Gypsum Board <ul><li>Interior wall panels of gypsum core between paper, also called drywall or plasterboard. </li></ul>
Heat Pump <ul><li>Device that uses refrigeration cycle to heat or cool a building by passing air or water over condensing coils or evaporating coils. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Pump </li></ul><ul><li>Advantage -You can Heat & Cool with the same unit </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage – is not good in all climates </li></ul>Compressor Air Handler
Insulation <ul><li>Insulation helps to keep cold or hot air in or out of a building. It can be enclosed within the walls, or exterior foam panels. It is made either as loose fill or packed tightly called batt. It is made of foam, fiberglass or rigid board. </li></ul>Loose Fill Batt insulation Rigid Board (2 size) Styrofoam Panel Foam Foam Insulation for small home jobs.
Lintel <ul><li>Carry the load of a wall across a door or window opening. Can be a beam, L-channel, or very long stone. </li></ul>Steel Lintel
Mortar <ul><li>Substance consisting of cement material, fine aggregate and water. It is used to join masonry units together. </li></ul>3/8” Extruded Mortar Joint on an Office building (is NOT tooled nor troweled) possibly type M mortar 3/8” Tooled Concave Mortar Joint on an Church building possibly type M mortar
Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>OSB is a nonveneered building material comes in panels (typ. Size 4’ x 8’. Made with long pieces of wood fibers in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. </li></ul>OSB Plywood At my service learning project jobsite
Plumbing <ul><li>My plumbing (oh my ) </li></ul><ul><li>Water closet 3” drain pipe </li></ul><ul><li>½” typically rubber flexible water supply line (this case ¼” bendable pipe) </li></ul><ul><li>Lavatory 1 ½” </li></ul><ul><li>Shower Stall </li></ul><ul><li>VTR (plumbing roof vent) </li></ul><ul><li>is to remove combustable sewage gases </li></ul>ME Drop in Kitchen Sink
Plywood <ul><li>A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer is a thin layer, sheet or facing. </li></ul>Look at all the choices you have at Lowes
Radiant Barrier <ul><li>Reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall to keep infrared energy from passing through it. </li></ul><ul><li>(couldn’t find it installed, but here it is at Lowes where you can buy it in rolls) </li></ul>
Rebar <ul><li>Steel reinforcing bars put into concrete or masonry to make it stronger and able to better handle compression loads. The deformations rolled into the surface of a reinforcing bar helps it to bond tightly to concrete. Approx. size #6 - ¾” </li></ul><ul><li>Rebar </li></ul>
Steep Roof Drainage Gutter Down Spout Down Spout Gutter – A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. Downspout – Vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level. Splash block – precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of the downspout.
Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment – layer of waterproof materials (felt paper) between roof sheathing & roofing material. </li></ul><ul><li>Shingle is a water-resistant roofing material, overlapped, nailed to form a layering cover for a sloping roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Metal roofs are typically made of galvanized or aluminized steel. </li></ul>Clay Tile Roof Not sure What this One is But like it Maybe Concrete form Or shingle? Clay Tile Roof Metal Panel Roof
Steep Roof Shapes Polynesian Roof Hip Roof Hip Roof Hip Roof Shed roof Section Gable roof Section Mansard Roof
Steep Roof Terms Rake Ridge Eave Fascia Soffit valley Hip Ridge – level intersection of two roof sections Hip – diagonal intersection of planes of a hip roof Valley – trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes Eave – horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof Rake - sloping edge of a steep roof Soffit – under side of a roof overhang Fascia – exposed vertical face of an eave
Stone Random Rubble Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar ME
Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Layers of material to obstruct the passage of water vapor through to the building. </li></ul>Vapor Retarder
Waterproofing <ul><li>Water proofing comes in a variety of chooses. </li></ul>
Weep Holes <ul><li>Small opening whose purpose is to allow water to drain an not accumulate inside of the building’s walls. </li></ul>Weep Holes
Welded Wire Mesh <ul><li>Grid of steel rods welded together. It is used to reinforce concrete slabs or sidewalks. </li></ul>4” x 4” Grid
Windows Fixed Sidelights Awning Pivots on axis near top Double hung - 2 overlapping sashes slide vertically Single hung – only lower slides vertically Fixed immovable