What is reading?Reading is the knowledge process of derivingmeaning from written or printed text.
The Purpose and importance of Reading• Why are you reading this/given text?• To acquire / Enhance knowledge• For mental development• To improve conversational skills• To decipher new words• To develop vocabulary and language skills• To gain knowledge• To answer questions
Reading Comprehension• Reading comprehension means understanding and remembering the ideas you find as you read.
Types of Reading Scanning Skimming Intensive Reading Extensive Reading
Scanning• Looking for a particular piece of information• It is the fastest reading• Speed reach up to 3000 words• It is done for a finite and highly specific purpose
Skimming• Running the eyes over quickly, to get the gist.• The eyes of the reader go through all the material but usually by skipping the details.• Speed of the reading can as high as 1500 words for minute.• It is done to grasp main ideas and to review previously read material.• Usually, executives skim news papers, journals, magazines due to busy schedules and shortage of time.
Intensive Reading/Careful Reading/Word by word Reading/Complex Reading • It is the slowest kind of reading. • The speed of the reading is 50 – 350 words per minute. • It is used for analysis, problem solving, proof reading and accuracy checking. • Stored in the memory for longer period.
Extensive Reading/Rapid Reading/Light Reading • It is simple reading. • The speed is between 300 and 600 words per minute. • it is used for pleasure like novels, stories etc.
Exercise• The ‘What’s On’ section of the • Scanning local paper• A novel • Extensive• A newspaper • Skimming,, Intensive if we find it.• A text in class • Intensive• A poem • Extensive• The telephone directory • Scanning• A postcard • Intensive• A train timetable • Scanning• A recipe • Intensive• A travel brochure • Skimming for interest, Scanning
Comparison of efficient and slow readersEfficient reader Slow readerReads ideas. Reads words.Reads multi-word phrases. Reads one word at a time.Visualizes ideas. Vocalizes words.Sets a purpose. Reads to "the end of the book."Adjusts reading speed to need. Reads everything slowly andKeeps reading. deliberately.Has a large vocabulary in that Re-reads sentences to be suresubject area. of understanding.Practices speeded reading Has a limited vocabulary in thatdaily. area.Marks text for memory. Rarely attempts speededSorts materials as critical, reading.interesting, or trash. Leaves pages pristine and clean.
Techniques for Improving Reading Efficiency • Active reading • Selection of appropriate reading type • Concentration on content and speed • Keep eyes moving • Quick and silent reading • Read just enough to capture thoughts • Underline and take notes randomly