Presentation skills


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Presentation skills

  1. 1. Presentation Skills
  2. 2. “The mind is a wonderful thing. It starts working the minute you are born and never stops until you get up to speak in public.” - Roscoe Drummond
  3. 3. What is Presentation? Ideas, concepts or issues talked about or spoken to a group or audience Skills required to give a good presentation can be developed Preparation is the Key
  4. 4. Preparation/Planning  Aspects in the development of a good presentation  Subject Centered (Material)  Audience Centered (Audience)  Self Centered (Self) “I want (who) to (what) (where, when and how) because (why)”
  5. 5. How to choose the topic?  Who is your audience?  What do you want to present (content)?  Why do you want to present (purpose)?  Where will you be presenting (place)?  How do you want to present (words to be used or not, slides to be used)
  6. 6. RESEARCH THE AUDIENCE  What is the audience interested in  What does the audience want  What does the audience already know and needs to know  What are their needs, expectations from this presentation  How will the audience benefit from this presentation
  7. 7. ORGANISATION  Structuring the presentation 2 to 2.5 mints--- opening/beginning 20 to 21 mints--- body 2 to 3 mints --- closing/end 5 mints --- questions
  8. 8. The Beginning  Should be carefully designed  Get attention - shock, humour, question, story, facts & figures  Motivate audience to listen - listen to their needs
  9. 9. Preparation & Structure  Sequence should be logical & understandable  Interim summaries- Recaps  Value of visual aids-flip charts, handouts etc.
  10. 10. Concluding  Last 2 to 2.5 minutes are as critical as the first five minutes for a successful presentation  Summarize- highlight important points  Suggest action- what to do and when, where and how to do it
  11. 11. Stage Fright  Everyone has it to some degree  Can be used constructively  Key issue is not elimination of fear Instead channel the energy it generates for an effective presentation
  12. 12. Effective Delivery  Be active - move  Be purposeful - controlled gestures  Variations – vocal (pitch, volume, rate)  Be natural  Be direct – don’t just talk in front of the audience talk to them
  13. 13. Group Facilitation Verbal Communication- barriers  Speaking too fast  Using jargon  Tone and content  Complicated or ambiguous language  Not questioning  Physical State of the audience
  14. 14. Sensitivity to the audience  “see” the audience  Take non-verbal feedback -congruent and incongruent body language  Modify to meet audience needs  Don’t just make it as a presentation
  15. 15. Handling Questions  Do not get confused  You are not supposed to know everything  Anticipate and keep answers ready  Sometime questions themselves give you a lead to highlight your point of view
  16. 16. Visual Aids  While using a over head projector face the audience while talking  Point with a pen  Appropriate lighting  Watch the colours  Ensure clear visibility  10 lines, 10 words per line
  17. 17. What Makes You A Good Presenter? Be Well Informed Good Preparation Good Knowledge Have A Message Self Confidence Sincerity Believe in what you Present
  18. 18. Presentation Skills So to conclude : Always prepare Channelize you fear Interact with your audience TIP Close your presentation to make a favorable, lasting impression
  19. 19. Qualities of a good presenter (the 4 Ps)  Planning- researched information, prepares outline, content, good start and end.  Perseverance- upgrade skills regularly, takes and works on the feedback.  Patience- correct body language and temperament.  Practice- rehearses and records, presentation, practice in front of the mirror for correct body language.
  20. 20. REHEARSE You need 10,000 hours of practicing to become World Class at any field .
  21. 21. Strive for continuous improvement  Measure the success of your talk.  Identify the strengths as well as areas to improve.  Decide how you will improve the next talk.  Learn something new every day. TIP Remember to PLAN / PREPARE / PRACTICE / PRESENT
  22. 22. Thank you