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Swiss VET System
October 28th, 2013

Bruno Jehle – Founder bj institute
India and Switzerland

2
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VET
Vocational Education and Training enables young people to
enter the labour market and ensures that there are ...
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Part of the education system
Vocational education and training takes place at
upper-secondary level. It is based ...
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Qualifications which lead to jobs
VET programmes closely match the needs of the
labour market, both in terms of p...
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Dual-track approach to learning
Most VET programmes consist of part-time studies at a vocational
school combined ...
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Apprenticeship Contract

Apprenticeship Contract

Apprentices

Industry

Confederation

Professional
Organisation...
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VET programmes: Dual-track predominate
There are also VET programmes based on a full-time curriculum
(i.e. no app...
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Career prospects
Tertiary-level professional education and training
(PET) is the next step after vocational educa...
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The most popular occupations in Switzerland 2007

10
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One mission – three partners

Professional Organisations

Cantons/States

Confederation

Vocational and professio...
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Professional Organisations:
Curricula and apprenticeship
- Trade Associations
- Other relevant VET Providers
- Co...
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Cantons / States:
Implementation and supervision
- Conference of Cantonal Directors of Education
- 26 cantonal VE...
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Confederation:
Strategic Management and development
- Swiss Ofice for Professional Education and
Training (OPET)
...
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Training Arrangements
In-company training
Here they are taught the practical skills needed
for their chosen occup...
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Swiss VET/PET Funding
Public funding
The Cantons are responsible for implementing
VET/PET programmes. As such the...
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Cost/benefit ratio for compaies
Cost/benefit ratio for Swiss companies involved in VET/PET
programmes, in CHF mil...
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Ranking of the international competitiveness 2009

18
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Despite high wages globalization brings more export
surplus – due to high quality
Swiss goods imported and export...
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Balance of trade / Deficit in percentage in the Gross
Domestic Product 2007

20
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The Swiss wealth does not originate
from the banks only

21
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Switzerland had the lowest unemployment rate
Average unemployment rate from 1992 - 2005 ( 14 years )

22
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Switzerland had the highest rate of employment
Average employment rate between the period 1994 and 2005 ( 12 year...
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Switzerland is exceptional with Baccalaureate
Swiss Educational System is difficult to be compared with other cou...
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Employees with vocational training are the least
vulnerable to be unemployed
Rate of unemployment amongst the var...
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VET is the best social protection

VET/PET Graduate
• Earns initially about 20% than an unskilled an worker
• Run...
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Occupational Fields in Swiss VET System - I
Nature
•Plants, Horticulture
•Animal care, animal husbandry
•Agricult...
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Occupational Fields in Swiss VET System - II
Metal, Machine
•Mechanical Engineering
•Metal Construction
•Foundry
...
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Principle of "no dead-end qualifications"

Transitional options between lower- and
upper-secondary level

Industr...
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Principle of "no dead-end qualifications"

30
Indo-Swiss Joint Venture signed October 2013

Matina Hämmerli | Krishan Khanna | Bruno Jehle

31
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Contact in
Switzerland

Contact in
India

Bruno Jehle

Krishan Khanna

Matina Hämmerli

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bj institute

21...
Thanks for your attention

33
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34
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131028 bj institute-swiss_vet

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Vocational education and training system in Switzerland. Dual Presentation Delhi, 2010, revised 2013.

Material of:
Rudolf Strahm: charts
Camil Hämmerli: icons
Bruno Jehle: fotos and icons
Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research EAER: Text and Flowchart
http://www.sbfi.admin.ch/berufsbildung/index.html?lang=en

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131028 bj institute-swiss_vet

  1. 1. i Watch Swiss VET System October 28th, 2013 Bruno Jehle – Founder bj institute
  2. 2. India and Switzerland 2
  3. 3. i Watch VET Vocational Education and Training enables young people to enter the labour market and ensures that there are enough specialists and managers in the future. VET is geared to the labour market and is part of the education system. The most popular form of basic education and training Vocational education and training provides two-thirds of young people in Switzerland with a solid basis for lifelong learning. It also opens up a wealth of job prospects. 3
  4. 4. i Watch Part of the education system Vocational education and training takes place at upper-secondary level. It is based on clearly defined curricula and national qualification procedures. Typically, it is very flexible: students may pursue vocational opportunities and change course in their professional life with relative ease. Continuing education and training (CET) opportunities are also available at all levels. 4
  5. 5. i Watch Qualifications which lead to jobs VET programmes closely match the needs of the labour market, both in terms of professional qualifications and the number of available jobs. The close correlation with the labour market explains why Switzerland has one of the lowest youth unemployment rates among European countries. 5
  6. 6. i Watch Dual-track approach to learning Most VET programmes consist of part-time studies at a vocational school combined with a part-time apprenticeship at a host company. There are over 200 careers to choose from. 3-4 Days a Week 1-2 Days a Week at Industry. at Vocational School. Practical skills Trade-related education on job training and general knowledge Students / Apprentices Duration: 2-4 years 6
  7. 7. i Watch Apprenticeship Contract Apprenticeship Contract Apprentices Industry Confederation Professional Organisations Cantons/States 7
  8. 8. i Watch VET programmes: Dual-track predominate There are also VET programmes based on a full-time curriculum (i.e. no apprenticeship). These full-time VET programmes are generally offered by trade schools or commercial schools. 8
  9. 9. i Watch Career prospects Tertiary-level professional education and training (PET) is the next step after vocational education and training (VET). PET programmes provide students with specific qualifications and prepare them for managerial and specialised positions. There are around 400 PET programmes leading to national professional examinations and 400 PET programmes leading to professional college degrees. The Federal Vocational Baccalaureate provides direct access to Swiss universities of applied sciences (UAS). 9
  10. 10. i Watch The most popular occupations in Switzerland 2007 10
  11. 11. i Watch One mission – three partners Professional Organisations Cantons/States Confederation Vocational and professional education and training is a mission shouldered by the Confederation, the Cantons and Professional Organisations. These three partners are jointly committed to the highest possible standard of VET/PET and strive to ensure that there is an adequate number of apprenticeships and CET courses. 11
  12. 12. i Watch Professional Organisations: Curricula and apprenticeship - Trade Associations - Other relevant VET Providers - Companies • Definition of the curriculum and national qualification procedures • Creation of apprenticeship positions • Provision of vocational qualifications • Development of new education and training courses 12
  13. 13. i Watch Cantons / States: Implementation and supervision - Conference of Cantonal Directors of Education - 26 cantonal VET/PET offices - Occupational, educational and career guidance counselling services - Vocational Schools • Supervision of apprenticeships • Vocational schools, part-time and full-time curricula • Occupational, educational and career guidance • Apprenticeship marketing • Further development and planning of the Swiss VET/PET system 13
  14. 14. i Watch Confederation: Strategic Management and development - Swiss Ofice for Professional Education and Training (OPET) - Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET) • Quality assurance and further development of the Swiss VET/PET system • Comparability and transparency of courses throughout Switzerland • Enactment of over 200 VET ordinances • Regulations and core curriculums for PET programmes • Payment of 25% of publicsector expenditure for the VET/PET system • Promotion and support for specific activities in the public interest 14
  15. 15. i Watch Training Arrangements In-company training Here they are taught the practical skills needed for their chosen occupation. Industry In-school education Vocational schools provide in-school education. This consists of vocational instruction and general academic subjects. Vocational Schools Industry courses Industry courses are meant to complement inschool education and in-company training. Industry courses often take place at third-party training Organisations centres run by the industries involved. 15
  16. 16. i Watch Swiss VET/PET Funding Public funding The Cantons are responsible for implementing VET/PET programmes. As such they provide at least three-fourths of public funding. Professional organisations Professional organisations provide both services and funding to the VET/PET system. VET/PET funds The Confederation may declare some VET/PET funds to be of general interest and therefore mandatory for all companies within a given economic branch. 16
  17. 17. i Watch Cost/benefit ratio for compaies Cost/benefit ratio for Swiss companies involved in VET/PET programmes, in CHF million, survey year 2004 17
  18. 18. i Watch Ranking of the international competitiveness 2009 18
  19. 19. i Watch Despite high wages globalization brings more export surplus – due to high quality Swiss goods imported and exported in contrast to newly industrialized countries and countries in-transition advancing in the world economy, 2008 19
  20. 20. i Watch Balance of trade / Deficit in percentage in the Gross Domestic Product 2007 20
  21. 21. i Watch The Swiss wealth does not originate from the banks only 21
  22. 22. i Watch Switzerland had the lowest unemployment rate Average unemployment rate from 1992 - 2005 ( 14 years ) 22
  23. 23. i Watch Switzerland had the highest rate of employment Average employment rate between the period 1994 and 2005 ( 12 years ) 23
  24. 24. i Watch Switzerland is exceptional with Baccalaureate Swiss Educational System is difficult to be compared with other countries Rate of admission to University compared internationally 2005 24
  25. 25. i Watch Employees with vocational training are the least vulnerable to be unemployed Rate of unemployment amongst the various educational qualifications; Statistically evaluated result of population survey conducted in 2000 ( total population census ) Compared to average rate of unemployment ( = 100% ) 25
  26. 26. i Watch VET is the best social protection VET/PET Graduate • Earns initially about 20% than an unskilled an worker • Runs three times less the risk of being unemployed • Runs 2.5 times lower risk of becoming a welfare recipient • Is better equipped to cope with the restructuring processes in the globalised term • Has possibility of further education with career prospect 26
  27. 27. i Watch Occupational Fields in Swiss VET System - I Nature •Plants, Horticulture •Animal care, animal husbandry •Agriculture •Forestry •Ecology, Environment Food •Food Technology •Food crafts Hospitality, Hotel and Restaurant •Restaurant, Hotel •Catering / Gastronomy Textile •Textile processing •Textile manufacturing, textile Care •Leather processing Beauty, Sports •Beauty •Sports, Exercise Design, Visual Communication •Arts and Crafts •Manufacture of musical instruments •Visual Arts Printing •Pre-press, Printing preparation •Printing techniques •Print Finishing Construction •Building •Civil engineering •Stoneworking / Stone processing Building technology •Assembly / Installation •Tinsmith / Plumber •Maintenance Wood Finishing, Interior •Wood Finishing •Interior Vehicles •Vehicle Technology •Car Body •Motorized agricultural and construction machinery Electrical Engineering •Electrical Installation •Electronics 27
  28. 28. i Watch Occupational Fields in Swiss VET System - II Metal, Machine •Mechanical Engineering •Metal Construction •Foundry •Forge •Watches Traffic, Logistics •Traffic •Storage, Logistics •Security, Police, Military •Import, Export, Forwarding •Recycling Chemistry, Physics •Laboratory •Production •Surface Finishing Information Technology •Information Technology and Mediamatic •IT Application and Certificates Planning, Construction •Construction •Building Systems, Interior Fittings •Machine Design •Landscape Architecture, Surveying Sale •Retail, Basic Education •Retail, further Training •Purchsing, Selling Business, Administration •Basic Commercial Training •Advanced Commercial Training Culture •Language, Information •Radio, TV, Film •Stage, Performing Arts •Music •Heritage Preservation and Cultural Education Health •Health Care •Rescue •Medical - administrational Sector •Medical - technical Sector •Medical - therapeutical Sector •Complementary and alternative Medicine Education, Social Affairs •Teaching, Education, •Social Welfare, Councelling •Religion, Spirituality 28
  29. 29. i Watch Principle of "no dead-end qualifications" Transitional options between lower- and upper-secondary level Industry and Vocational Commerce Schools Transitional options include such things as practical training and pre-apprenticeships. These options are generally designed to prepare students for admission to upper-secondary level VET programmes. Job-related continuing education and training (CET) University of Applied Science A wide range of job-related CET options are available at all training levels as part of lifelong learning. VET for adults Adults may take remedial courses to acquire a VET qualification. The Federal Vocational and Professional Education and Training Act leaves several avenues open in this regard: these range from regulated, Institutes of Technology and Universities structured procedures for occupational categories to individual recognition procedures. 29
  30. 30. i Watch Principle of "no dead-end qualifications" 30
  31. 31. Indo-Swiss Joint Venture signed October 2013 Matina Hämmerli | Krishan Khanna | Bruno Jehle 31
  32. 32. i Watch Contact in Switzerland Contact in India Bruno Jehle Krishan Khanna Matina Hämmerli i Watch bj institute 211, Olympus Zollrain 12 Altamount Road CH-5000 Aarau Mumbai 400 026 Switzerland India www.bjinstitute.org www.wakupcall.org 0041 26 836 40 41 0091 98 211 407 56 b.jehle@bjinstitute.org krishan@vsnl.com m.haemmerli@bjinstitute.org 32
  33. 33. Thanks for your attention 33
  34. 34. i Watch 34

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