Today – Part I
I. AI: Overview
a) What CanToday’s AI Do?
b) How Does AIWork?
c) AI Applications that Use Deep Learning
d) AI for Information Profession/Industry
e) Group-discussion & Sharing
f) Q/As & Comments
Break (10:45 - 11 AM)
Today – Part II
II. AI & Society
a) Algorithmic Bias/ Opacity
c) Human-in-the Loop & Automation’s Last Mile
d) Learning in the Age of AI
e) AI & Ethics
Q/A & Wrap-Up (Noon)
Also see : Eric Phetteplace, Bohyun Kim, and Ashley Blewer, “Reflections on Code4Lib 2018,” ACRLTechConnect (blog),
March 12, 2018, https://acrl.ala.org/techconnect/post/reflections-on-code4lib-2018/. 44
JessamynWest, “TILT #55 - ‘Hey Google AREWomen Smarter than Men...?,’” TinyLetter (blog), accessed June 11, 2018,
Q7. How can libraries / content providers /
information system vendors make the content
and the metadata easier
for AI- powered tools
to ingest, process, and evaluate?
*AddYour Ideas to Google Doc*
https://bit.ly/37Hu22lGroup Discussion Q 7-Q11
Q8. How will AI and machine learning affect people’s
Q9.-Q11.What are some of the ways in which libraries / content
providers / information system vendors can utilize AI techniques
or AI-powered services/ products in order to
• make their content more accessible, discoverable, and
• Make their services more effective and user-friendly,
• and make their operations more efficient?
*AddYour Ideas to Google Doc*
Group Discussion Q 7-Q11
Data-ism is a belief that
• everything that can be measured should be
• data is a transparent and reliable lens that allows
us to filter out emotionalism and ideology;
• data will help us do remarkable things - like
foretell the future.”
–David Brooks, “The Philosophy of Data,”The NewYorkTimes, February 4, 2013,
• We must expand and facilitate the great data flow as a
new mandate over the right of humans to own data and
to restrict its movement.
• Human experiences are only valuable to the degree that
they produce data that can contribute to data flow.
• As a result, epistemologically, socially, and politically,
humans are no longer the source of meaning,
knowledge, or authority.
Yuval Noah Harari, Homo Deus: A Brief History ofTomorrow, (NewYork, NY: Harper, 2017), p.389.
(c) Human-in-the-Loop & GhostWork
at the Automation’s Last Mile
Humans & AI Systems
• Human in the loop
• Human on the loop
• Human off the loop
Delegation of High-
The Role of Human in the Loop
Automation’s Last Mile
Madhumita Murgia, “AI’s New Workforce:The
Data-Labelling Industry Spreads Globally,”
FinancialTimes, July 23, 2019,
Most Significant Question
AI Poses to Our Information Profession
•Not so much “how to utilize AI techniques to our
•What kind of learning and research we should
support and how, in the new era of AI?
•How can we add efforts to ensure that the right kind
of learning and research take place in the new A-
driven learning and research environment?
84NewTemple University’s Charles Library Building https://library.temple.edu/explore-charles
What would learners need in the environment
filled with ubiquitous AI tools and systems ?
Given the fast-approaching AI age, ask:
•How are we different from intelligent machines?
•How should our learning be different from that
of a data-processing AI algorithm?
* Really important questions facing the information profession*
What Education is Really About
“A live educator offers more than the content of a course.
Human interaction and presence are important
components of effective pedagogy. Moreover, a teacher
sets an example by embodying the ideals of learning and
critical thinking. Possessed by a spirit of inquiry, the teacher
enacts the process of learning for students to mimic.The
act of mimesis itself matters: one human learning by
watching another, observing the subtle details, establishing
rapport, and connecting to history.”
Douglas Rushkoff, Team Human, 1 edition (NewYork:W.W. Norton & Company, 2019), 45, 48.
Can we keep what makes learning special
in the age of AI?
Ethics for Data Science & AI
• It’s popular for people nowadays to invoke ethics as if it may solve all
• Ethics isn’t there to give us answers.
• Ethics is there to show how complicated the Qs are in the first place.