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Taking on a New Leadership Challenge: Student-Focused Learning in Artificial Intelligence

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A conference talk given at the Internet Librarian International, London, UK. October 16, 2018 by Bohyun Kim, Chief Technology Officer & Associate Professor at the University of Rhode Island Libraries, USA.

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Taking on a New Leadership Challenge: Student-Focused Learning in Artificial Intelligence

  1. 1. Taking on a New Leadership Challenge: Student-Focused Learning in Artificial Intelligence Bohyun Kim CTO & Associate Professor, University of Rhode Island Libraries, USA Internet Librarian International, London, UK. October 16, 2018.
  2. 2. I. AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning
  3. 3. https://www.technologyreview.c om/s/525586/facebook-creates- software-that-matches-faces- almost-as-well-as-you-do/ • +120 million weights • 9-layer neural network • 4 million images
  4. 4. https://ai.googleblog.com/2016/09/a-neural-network-for-machine.html
  5. 5. https://techcrunch.com/2018/06/07/apple-introduces-the-a-i-phone/
  6. 6. https://medcitynews.com/2018/08/facebook-nyu-ai-mri-research/
  7. 7. https://yewno.com/edu/concept/102e6bf8445dff7c922e1cc4e997ebf3
  8. 8. https://syncedreview.com/2018/03/15/global-survey-of-autonomous-vehicle-regulations/
  9. 9. https://www.wired.com/2017/02/robots-wrote-this-story/
  10. 10. What is Artificial Intelligence?
  11. 11. https://blogs.nvidia.com/blog/2016/07/29/whats-difference-artificial-intelligence-machine-learning-deep-learning-ai/
  12. 12. https://www.alphagomovie.com/gallery
  13. 13. https://www.amchkg.com/shileiblog/2017.1.4deep-learning
  14. 14. https://www.alphagomovie.com/gallery
  15. 15. https://twitter.com/samim/status/707420890087202817
  16. 16. https://techcrunch.com/2017/05/27/googles- alphago-ai-is-retiring/
  17. 17. II.The AI Lab at the University of Rhode Island (URI)
  18. 18. https://www.insidehighered.com/digital-learning/article/2017/03/15/data-analytics-programs-taking-colleges
  19. 19. https://today.uri.edu/news/uri-to-launch-artificial-intelligence-lab/
  20. 20. What Inspired the URI AI Lab • A response to the freshmen survey results about topics they wished to see in the college curriculum. • Dovetails with already existing initiatives at URI • Big Data cluster • A new BS/BA major in data science • DataSpark , a non-profit data analytics firm, acquired by URI in 2017, is placed under the URI Libraries. • Started as a grant proposal for the Champlin Foundation in the summer of 2017.
  21. 21. The AI LabTeam • University Libraries • Department of Computer Science & Statistics /Big Data Initiative and Data Science Programs • Department of Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering • Department of Philosophy
  22. 22. What Makes the AI Lab at URI Unique • Open to all members of the campus community with no access restriction • Open to all disciplines • Encourages a multi-disciplinary approach to a wide range of AI- related issues from machine learning techniques to social and ethical issues • A strong focus on student learning • Three different zones to provide “learning-by-doing” experiences
  23. 23. Funding • The grant was awarded in the fall of 2017. • Approximately $143,000 from the Champlin grant award • Additional commitment from participating colleges, the URI Libraries, and the URI Provost’s office
  24. 24. Learning Zones • Zone 1: AI Workstations for Individualized Learning • Zone 2: Hands-on Project Bench • Deep Learning Robots: program mobile robots instrumented with cameras, radars, sensors, and actuators; build AI algorithms to navigate both known and unknown environments. • Internet-of-things for Smart Cities: a physical model of Rhode Island containing distributed sensors and actuators to design intelligent algorithmic projects to control city environments such as lighting, traffic, transit and parking. • Big Data Analytics: access and analyze various kinds of big data available in public domain. • Zone 3: AI Hub for Collaborative Thinking Source: Kunal Mankodiya, Aras Dargazany, Cheryl Foster, Joan Peckham, Harrison Dekker, Angel Ferria, and Karim Boughida, "ai.uri: The Artificial Intelligence Lab (a grant proposal)," September, 2017.
  25. 25. Designed to Be Integrated with URI Courses • Wearable Internet of Things (ELE 491/591) • apply machine/deep learning algorithms to enhance designed wearables that collect data on health. • Neural Engineering (BME 468/ELE 568) • utilize the AI Lab’s processing power to gain a deeper understanding of using brain electrical activity to control robots and other technology. • Philosophy (PHL 103) • undertake foundational programming exercises, allowing students to engage in discussions related to relationships between man and machine. Source: Kunal Mankodiya, Aras Dargazany, Cheryl Foster, Joan Peckham, Harrison Dekker, Angel Ferria, and Karim Boughida, "ai.uri: The Artificial Intelligence Lab (a grant proposal)," September, 2017.
  26. 26. Beyond Course Projects • Expected to serve as a generator of new courses exploring AI from fields outside computing, engineering, and mathematics, e.g. • Examining the implications of AI for neuroscientific applications to health and cognition (psychology/health studies) • Clarifying what constitutes “thinking” and whether self-aware machines have rights (philosophy) Source: Kunal Mankodiya, Aras Dargazany, Cheryl Foster, Joan Peckham, Harrison Dekker, Angel Ferria, and Karim Boughida, "ai.uri: The Artificial Intelligence Lab (a grant proposal)," September, 2017.
  27. 27. Beyond Course Projects [continued] • Hosts events to identify and bring together faculty, staff and the greater community with an active interest in AI from diverse vantage points. • Lectures and talks • Hackathons open to students from URI and beyond • Opportunities to integrate AI-focused learning experiences into existing K-12 initiatives, such as SMILE (Science and Math Investigative Learning Experience) and the RI STE(A)M Center (which promotes K-12 scientific literacy) Source: Kunal Mankodiya, Aras Dargazany, Cheryl Foster, Joan Peckham, Harrison Dekker, Angel Ferria, and Karim Boughida, "ai.uri: The Artificial Intelligence Lab (a grant proposal)," September, 2017.
  28. 28. Computing Equipment • Decided on equipment optimized for machine learning/deep learning tasks • Server: Nvidia DGX-1 Server for GPU computing • Workstations: Lambda Tensorbooks
  29. 29. https://web.uri.edu/ai/equipment/
  30. 30. Branstorming Session Brainstorming
  31. 31. Lab Offerings Discussed • Table One: Events • Table Two: Instruction and Courses • Table Three: AI Lab Technology • Table Four: AI Ethics
  32. 32. https://web.uri.edu/ai/
  33. 33. https://www.libraryjournal.com/?detailStory=180926URIlibraryAIlab https://web.uri.edu/ai/press/
  34. 34. III.The Peril of Algorithmic Biases
  35. 35. https://www.technologyreview.com/s/6040 87/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/
  36. 36. https://www.wired.com/2017/04/courts-using-ai-sentence-criminals-must-stop-now/
  37. 37. https://www.aclu.org/blog/privacy-technology/pitfalls-artificial-intelligence-decisionmaking-highlighted-idaho-aclu-case
  38. 38. http://explainableai.com/
  39. 39. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/09/technology/facial-recognition-race-artificial-intelligence.html
  40. 40. https://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-built-ai-to-hire-people-discriminated-against-women-2018- 10?IR=T&utm_content=buffer1a453&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer-ti
  41. 41. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/group/fate/
  42. 42. https://blackinai.github.io/
  43. 43. https://gizmodo.com/google-employees-resign-in-protest-against-pentagon-con-1825729300
  44. 44. https://www.blog.google/topics/ai/ai-principles/
  45. 45. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/08/business/china-surveillance-technology.html
  46. 46. ThankYou! Bohyun Kim @bohyunkim [Twitter] http://bohyunkim.net/blog [Blog] https://www.slideshare.net/bohyunkim [Slides] Chief Technology Officer/Associate Professor University of Rhode Island Libraries

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