Mobile Access to Licensed Databases in Medicine and Other Subject Areas


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HandHeld Librarian Online Conference II

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Mobile Access to Licensed Databases in Medicine and Other Subject Areas

  1. 1. Mobile Access to Licensed Databases in Medicine & Other Subject Areas Bohyun Kim, Digital Access Librarian, Medical Library Marissa Ball, E M i B ll Emerging T h l i Lib i i Technologies Librarian, G Green Lib Library photo:
  2. 2. Potential & Opportunities  Demands for “advanced” mobile content & capabilities are growing.  54 5 million smartphones were shipped i th 4th quarter of 2009 an i 54.5 illi t h hi d in the t f 2009, increase of 39% f compared to the same period in 2008. (Source: IDC, a market research firm)  2010 estimation: 1.3 bill. Mobile phones will ship globally, 250 mill. of them will be g y smartphones.  The boundary between handheld devices and desktops is beginning to blur.  Mobile devices are inundating the market it’s not just cell phones any more. market- more  SmartPhones, iPods, iPhones, iPad, netbooks, labtops, PDAs, e-Readers… photo:
  3. 3. Reality... & Practice  Mobile browsing capabilities currently exist only on ~60% of handsets today, by 2013, that number will climb to +80%.  Handheld devices, sites, tools and applications in libraries:  Play mostly a supplemental role  Consists of a mobile-friendly website/presence y p  Basic services  Renew materials, SMS/text reference, search capabilities for OPACs/licensed databases, locate available computers, tours, podcasts  Quick, on-the-go information: Hours, directions, contact information  Both services and resources are in infancy. photo:
  4. 4. Licensed Resources Available  Content providers & databases:  EBSCO  Gale’s AccessMyLibrary  IEEExplore  Factiva  Naxos Music Library, NML and NML:Jazz apps  Westlaw  LexisNexis GetCases & Shepardize LexisNexis,  Hoover’s  American Institute of Physics, iResearch  N t mobile bil  WorldCat  Serials Solutions, SummonMobile  Alexander Street Press (in development)
  5. 5. Recurring Themes & Features  Mobile versions of library databases and licensed content are not always available for institutional accounts.  Majority of providers who are developing mobile-ready apps are iPhone/iTouch compatible only.  The “authentication process” varies (or does not exist).  Location-aware features vary.  Apps vs mobile optimized websites.  Limited number of databases, resources, articles, results, search capabilities  PDFs , OpenURL, branding and associations with desktop/web account on some platforms photo:
  6. 6. Other Outcomes  “Mobile-centrics” are driving the bus  Licensed database content for mobile devices in non-subject-specific areas are still in infancy given existing limitations limitations.  Mobile learning is about how effectively and quickly you can search for and retrieve the information you need (2010 Horizon Report).  However, the benefit of using these mobile products in research seems to be unclear.  How can handhelds improve learning and affect research and teaching?  We see much wider adoption of mobile devices in specific fields of study, especially practice-based disciplines like medicine…
  7. 7. In Medicine & Healthcare Photo Credit: CBS News
  8. 8. Mobile Devices in Medicine  32% of all Americans have gotten online with a mobile device. (Pew I t (P Internet Report 2009) tR t  54% of U.S. doctors own a PDA or smartphone. More than half of them consider it to be an integral part of their practice practice. (iHealthBeat, Feb. 2009.)  60-70% of medical students and residents use handheld computers for education or patient care. (Kho et al., 2006)  PDAs are often required during medical students’ clinical training.
  9. 9. Use of Mobile Devices in Medicine  Classroom  Lecture content as a podcast  Polling  Evaluation  At the point of care  Clinical education  Clinical decision support  Healthcare communication  Patient care/documentation (Ducut and Fontelo, 2008) Photo Credit: Daniel Morris
  10. 10. Content for Mobile Devices  More diverse than in other areas:  General medical reference  Drug Reference g  EBM (evidence-based medicine) resources for clinical decision support  Anatomical diagrams  Medical calculators  Study guides  Patient education
  11. 11. Licensed Databases in Medicine  DynaMed Valued as a quick look-up tool  Epocrates  Harrison’s Practice  MD Consult  Micromedex  Natural Standard  Pepid  VisualDX  UpToDate  And more…
  12. 12. Issues for Mobile Device Users  What’s available?  What to choose – free or paid?  Where to get help – library or IT?  How to make them work?  Registration  Serial Number  Authentication  What’s the right format?  Downloadable applications  Mobile web sites  Free vs. Paid Photo Credit: Oberazzi
  13. 13. Time-consuming Installation  Specific URL for mobile access  Personal account required  Serial number for installation  Authentication Finally!
  14. 14. More work for installation
  15. 15. Use per Device? - Authentication  Example: MD Consult
  16. 16. Same Content on Different Devices  Many different licensing models  Free with existing licensed product (e g Dynamed) (e.g.  User add-on purchase (e.g. Pepid)  Institutional site license ( (e.g. Epocrates) )  Set number of downloads  Electronic loaning with due dates (e.g. eBooks)  Devices with resources pre-installed (e.g. AACN, Epocrates)  Freeware (e.g. Apps for iPhone/iPod Touch) (Koufogiannakis et al., 2005) (Cuddy d Wrynn, 2007) (C dd and W Photo Credit: Howard Gees
  17. 17. Medical Libraries & Mobile Devices  Resources  Support  Licensed databases  Devices  Free resources  Software installation & updates  Guides for mobile devices  User training g  Library mobile websites
  18. 18. Challenges for Libraries  Collection Development  How to gauge demand  How to track usage  Licensing  Providing Actual Service  Device purchase for testing  Staff training & support  Promotion of service  Coordinating with other units  Sustaining the program Photo Credit: Eleaf
  19. 19. Librarians on Mobile Devices  The majority of librarians don’t know (Spires, 2008)  the percentage of their patrons using mobile devices.  how mobile devices are being used in their libraries.  if there is a demand for more or different services for mobile device users.  Librarians are split into three camps: (i) addressing issues now, (ii) waiting until the demand increases and/or devices improve, and (iii) doing nothing. (Spires, 2008) Photo Credit: AndresV
  20. 20. Can we assume that mobile devices will become popular in non-practice-focused subject areas bj t as in medicine? Probably. But… Photo Credit:Darwin Bell
  21. 21. Medicine vs. Other Subject Areas  Decision support  Learning/Research tool g  Quick reference  Journal articles & books  Up-to-date information Up to date  Comprehensive information  Immediate access  More flexible time frame  T k i t d Task-oriented  Process oriented Process-oriented  At the point of care ? Photo Credit: mag3737
  22. 22. Capabilities that only mobile devices can provide? From YouTube: Ivor Ković - An EMR Physician with an iPhone
  23. 23. Clear and unique benefits from using mobile devices in learning/research? From YouTube: Ivor Ković - An EMR Physician with an iPhone
  24. 24. Mobile devices not as a supplemental but an essential tool From YouTube: Ivor Ković - An EMR Physician with an iPhone
  25. 25. Mobile Devices at the Point of Need Users Information Resources Mobile & Data Computing p g
  26. 26. References  Cuddy, C., Wrynn, P. (2007). Licensing content for PDAs. Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries, 4 (1/2), 175-184.  Ducut, E., Fontelo, P. (2008). Mobile devices in health education: current use and practice. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 20 (2), 59-68.  Fox, M. K. (2007). Mobile Technologies in Libraries. Retrieved from: ( ) g  Frost & Sullivan. (2009). 2010 Outlook & Forecast: Mobile & Wireless Communications.  Gartner, Inc. Research Firm. (2009). Gartner Identifies the Top 10 Consumer Mobile Applications for 2012.  iHealthBeat (2009) Smartphones becoming integral tools for health care providers, medical iHealthBeat. (2009). providers Students. Providers-Medical-Students.aspx  Koufogiannakis, D., Ryan, P., and Dahl, S. (2005). Just another format: integrating resources g y ( ) g g for users of personal digital assistants. The Acquisition Librarian, 17 (33/34), 133-145.
  27. 27. References (2)  Ković, I. (2010, Feb 2). An EMR physician with an iPhone, Mobile Monday Amsterdam. [Video File] Video posted to  Kyo, A., Henderson, L.E., Dressler, D.D., Kripalani, S. (2006). Use of handheld computers in medical education: a systematic review. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 21(5), 531-7.  M Libraries (n d ) Retrieved from Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki: M-Libraries. (n.d.).  Pew Internet & American Life Project. (2009). Wireless Internet Use Report. Wireless Internet Use.aspx?r 1 http://www pewinternet org/Reports/2009/12-Wireless-Internet-Use aspx?r=1  Spires, T. (2008). Handheld librarians: a survey of librarian and library patron use of wireless handheld devices. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 13 (4), 287-309.
  28. 28. Bohyun Kim, Digital Access Librarian, Medical Library Marissa Ball, Emerging Technologies Librarian, Green Library Questions?