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From Virtual Reality to Blockchain: Current and Emerging Tech Trends

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Webinar given for the LibraryLinkNJ, The New Jersey Library Cooperative on May 8, 2018. http://librarylinknj.org/
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From Virtual Reality to Blockchain: Current and Emerging Tech Trends

  1. 1. FromVirtual Reality to Blockchain: Current and EmergingTechTrends Bohyun Kim ChiefTechnology Officer & Associate Professor, University of Rhode Island Libraries LibraryLinkNJWebinar series, Online. May 8, 2018.
  2. 2. Add your questions or comments here: https://bit.ly/2wjaAvl
  3. 3. Trend 1. Digital Reality / Extended Reality • Virtual Reality • Augmented Reality • Mixed Reality
  4. 4. https://www.flickr.com/photos/albert_hsieh/28236326333
  5. 5. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/mixed-reality-technology-brings-mars-to-earth
  6. 6. Devices forVR • HTCVive • Oculus Rift • Google Cardboard • Samsung GearVR
  7. 7. Devices for AR https://www.wired.com/story/google-glass-2-is-here/
  8. 8. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/hololens Devices for MR
  9. 9. Use Cases • Education • Healthcare • Manufacturing • Aviation • Engineering
  10. 10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zC5097mA9f4
  11. 11. https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/03/18/514299682/google-glass-didnt-disappear-you-can- find-it-on-the-factory-floor
  12. 12. https://www.press.bmwgroup.com/global/article/detail/T0258902EN/bmw-opts-to-incorporate-htc-vive-vr- headsets-and-mixed-reality-into-the-development-of-new-vehicle-models-computer-images-instead-of- laboriously-constructed-draft-models:-greater-flexibility-faster-results-and-lower-costs?language=en
  13. 13. Why Does Digital Reality Matter?
  14. 14. https://lookingglassfactory.com/product/holoplayer-one/
  15. 15. https://lookingglassfactory.com/product/holoplayer-one/
  16. 16. Brainstorm – Digital Reality • What are the opportunities and challenges that this digital reality trend may bring to libraries and beyond? • What potential library services or program ideas do you see in relation to this digital reality trend? • https://bit.ly/2wjaAvl
  17. 17. http://gciel.sites.grinnell.edu/
  18. 18. https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/spaces/vr-studio
  19. 19. Trend 2. DLT aka Blockchain • DLT = Digital LedgerTechnology • Developed for Bitcoin, the first distributed cryptocurrency that appeared in Jan 2009 • Security • Speed • Privacy • Decentralized
  20. 20. https://blockchain.info/charts/n-transactions
  21. 21. https://blockchain.info/charts/estimated-transaction-volume-usd?daysAverageString=7&timespan=all
  22. 22. Immutable and Irreversible • Linked hashes with time stamps • Security • Speed • Privacy • Decentralized • How does it work… ??
  23. 23. https://blockgeeks.com/guides/what-is-blockchain-technology/
  24. 24. How Does BlockchainWork? Ameer Rosic, “What Is Hashing? UnderThe Hood Of Blockchain,” Blockgeeks (blog), July 2017, https://blockgeeks.com/guides/what-is-hashing/.
  25. 25. Key Components • Public key cryptography • Hashing • Nonce • Mining https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/File:Blockchain.png
  26. 26. HASH https://passwordsgenerator.net/sha256-hash-generator/
  27. 27. “The Great Chain of Being Sure about Things,” The Economist, October 31, 2015, https://www.economist.com/news/briefin g/21677228-technology-behind-bitcoin- lets-people-who-do-not-know-or-trust- each-other-build-dependable.
  28. 28. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merkle_tree
  29. 29. Ameer Rosic, “What Is Hashing? UnderThe Hood Of Blockchain,” Blockgeeks (blog), July 2017, https://blockgeeks.com/guides/what-is-hashing/.
  30. 30. Ameer Rosic, “What Is Hashing? UnderThe Hood Of Blockchain - Blockgeeks,” Blockgeeks (blog), July 2017, https://blockgeeks.com/guides/what-is-hashing/.
  31. 31. Process • A transaction is transformed into a hash. • The hash of a whole block is created. • A nonce (random string) is appended to the hash and hashed again. • The resulting hash is compared to the difficulty level required by a blockchain. • If it is less than the difficulty level, other nodes on the network checks and confirms the solution and updates their instances of the blockchain. • If it not, then the nonce is changed and the trial-and-error process repeats. • The hash of the header becomes the new block’s identifying string, and the addition is propagated through the network. That block is now part of the ledger. • The miners responsible for this are rewarded (if there is a reward associated with mining).
  32. 32. Why Does DLT/Blockchain matter? • Immediate, low cost, and secure • Enables decentralized authority (No longer a mediating 3rd-party authority is required) • Disruptive
  33. 33. Blockchain Is aTrust Protocol. • Transparency • Privacy • Application in a wide range of areas
  34. 34. https://tnw.to/Sl2Oo
  35. 35. https://www.technologyrevie w.com/s/610806/inside-the- jordan-refugee-camp-that- runs-on-blockchain/
  36. 36. https://e-estonia.com/solutions/e-identity/e-residency/
  37. 37. Smart Contract https://blockgeeks.com/guides/ethereum/
  38. 38. https://www.technologyre view.com/s/610718/states- that-are-passing-laws-to- govern-smart-contracts- have-no-idea-what- theyre-doing/
  39. 39. Blockchain Start-Ups • Everledger • Horizon State • Augur • Livepeer • EventChain
  40. 40. https://dock.io/how-it-works
  41. 41. https://joincivil.com/how-it-works/
  42. 42. https://techcrunch.com/2017/08/09/sony-education-blockchain/
  43. 43. Issues with DLT/Blockchain • Implementation barriers • Speed • Interoperability • Energy consumption • 51% attack
  44. 44. Brainstorm - DLT • What are the opportunities and challenges that the DLT - aka Blockchain - may bring to libraries and beyond? • What potential library services or program ideas do you see in relation to this trend? • https://bit.ly/2wjaAvl
  45. 45. https://ischoolblogs.sjsu.edu/blockchains/
  46. 46. Trend 3. Artificial Intelligence • Purpose of AI • What is a uniquely human task?
  47. 47. https://www.wired. com/story/uber- self-driving-crash- video-arizona/
  48. 48. What drove the recent advancement in AI?
  49. 49. https://poundforabrown.wordpress.com/2013/07/20/the-chinese-room/
  50. 50. Machine Learning ⊂ Artificial Intelligence https://webdam.com/blog/machine-learning-making-dam-better/
  51. 51. https://blogs.nvidia.com/blog/2016/07/29/whats-difference-artificial-intelligence-machine-learning-deep-learning-ai/
  52. 52. https://www.amchkg.com/shileiblog/2017.1.4deep-learning
  53. 53. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/26/technology/in-a-big-network-of-computers-evidence-of-machine- learning.html
  54. 54. https://www.technologyreview.c om/s/525586/facebook-creates- software-that-matches-faces- almost-as-well-as-you-do/
  55. 55. https://techcrunch.com/2018/04/26/alexa-will-soon-gain-a-memory-converse-more- naturally-and-automatically-launch-skills/
  56. 56. https://hbr.org/2018/03/ai-will-change-radiology-but-it-wont-replace-radiologists
  57. 57. https://yewno.com/edu/concept/102e6bf8445dff7c922e1cc4e997ebf3
  58. 58. Brainstorm - AI • What are the opportunities and challenges that new developments in AI may bring to libraries and beyond? • What potential library services or program ideas do you see in relation to this trend? • https://bit.ly/2wjaAvl
  59. 59. Possible AI Innovations for Libraries • Automatic feature detection (such as railroads) in the map data • Solving a problem in their library’s space assessment • Automated abstract & Indexing • Automated information discovery & retrieval • VUI (Voice User Interface), facial recognition, chatbot … • Information verification, validation, evaluation • How to collaborate effectively (with people & machines)
  60. 60. https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604 087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/
  61. 61. https://www.aclu.org/blog/privacy-technology/pitfalls-artificial-intelligence-decisionmaking-highlighted-idaho-aclu-case
  62. 62. http://explainableai.com/
  63. 63. Trend 4. Social Entrepreneurship • Begins with “DesignThinking” • Solving a problem • From a user’s point of view • Based upon users needs • Re-examine how the problem itself has been phrased from multiple points of view.
  64. 64. http://www.ocregister.com/2007/07/31/shimano-peddles-new-bike/ How Does ItWork?
  65. 65. DesignThinking for Innovation • Human-centered exploration of the problem through empathy, experimentation, and prototyping, which creates a better solution - better UX.
  66. 66. A desirable solution that is financially viable and technologically feasible A desirable solution that is financially viable and technologically feasible. Image source: IDEO, DesignThinking for Libraries, http://designthinkingforlibraries.com/.
  67. 67. Social Entrepreneurship • = Social innovation • = Social design • = Creative entrepreneurship • = Social venture capital • Applying design thinking and a business approach to solve social issues • Social impact + Business goals
  68. 68. http://www.pallottateamworks.com/financial_netincome.php
  69. 69. http://acumen.org/our-investments/
  70. 70. Why Does Social Entrepreneurship Matter? • A new approach to problem-solving in social issues • Steady and growing interests in social innovation that is creative and sustainable at the same time
  71. 71. Social Design for Libraries? • Significant to libraries at multiple levels
  72. 72. Brainstorm – Social Innovation • What are the opportunities and challenges that social design/ entrepreneurship may bring to libraries and beyond? • What potential library services or program ideas do you see in relation to this trend? • https://bit.ly/2wjaAvl
  73. 73. http://designthinkingforlibraries.com/
  74. 74. ThankYou! Bohyun Kim @bohyunkim [Twitter]

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