The HS/HSL was interested in investing in innovative technology such as 3D printing and a makerspace. In light of the tight operating budget, the HS/HSL needed to ensure that such investment would be relevant to the campus community and justifiable from the financial point of view at the same time.
Building a Makerspace: Where to Start
BUILDING A MAKERSPACE
: WHERETO START
http://bohyunkim.net |Twitter: @bohyunkim
Associate Director for Library Applications and Knowledge Systems
Health Sciences and Human Services Library
University of Maryland, Baltimore
National Network of Libraries of Medicine – BeyondThe SEAWebinar Series
June 15, 2016.
Today’s topics – A makerspace
• Planning steps
• Lessons learned
Stanford Bunny - Image from Wikipedia at
What Is a Makerspace, a Fab Lab, a Hackerspace,
and a Co-working space?
Image from Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/thehub/12914505255
Why Care about the Maker Movement?
• Production for individuals
• Rapid prototyping
• Making vs. Consuming
• A serious economic, technological, and city-development force
The Maker Movement’s Impact on Health Sciences and
• The Maker Movement and the 3D printing technology are making a significant impact
on both health sciences research and beyond.
• They catalyze innovation and promote entrepreneurship by emphasizing ‘making’ over
‘consuming’ and facilitating experiential learning and rapid prototyping.
• Applications to health sciences by discipline :
Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore - HS/HSL Innovation Space
: LaunchedApr. 2015; Expanded in Nov. 2015
Offerings @ the HS/HSL Innovation Space
• Tools / equipment and multiple learning resources related to hands-on learning
• LibGuide on 3D printing: http://guides.hshsl.umaryland.edu/ispace
• LibGuide on 3D modeling: http://guides.hshsl.umaryland.edu/tinkercad
• Orientations and workshops to spread the knowledge of 3D modeling/printing/scanning
technology more widely on the campus.
• Promotes and facilitates active collaboration, experimentation, innovation, and
entrepreneurial pursuits among students, researchers, and faculty across different
disciplines and academic units.
Activities @ the HS/HSL Innovation Space
• Buttons for student conferences
• Anatomical models – pelvis, skull, scapular-
• CAT scan imaging data into stackable three-
• Replace a broken part in research lab
• Scaffolds to grow stem cells
• Build and donate free 3D-printed hands and
arms for those in need -
• Hobbyist projects Image by the
Timeline @ HS/HSL Innovation Space
• Apr. 2014:Task Force convened
• July 31, 2014:White paper submitted
• Presented to the library administration and librarians.
• The white paper by theTask Force was received favorably.
• The library staff was enthusiastic about having a makerspace at the HS/HSL.
• Equipment purchase approved and ordered.
• Nov. 2014: Equipment arrived in the library!
• Nov. 2014:Getting used to 3D printing and 3D modeling
• Dec. 2014: Jan. 2015 – Staff training
• Feb. – Mar. 2015:All the things implementation! Location, Space preparation, Policy, Staff workflow,
Web development, Signage, LibGuide, LibCal, Orientation design and orienter training, Pricing
scheme, Promotion, Naming contest, and more.
• Apr. 21, 2015:The Innovation Space launch
Some More info about the HS/HSL Innovation Space
Planning and Implementation
• “MakerspaceTask Force Report.” Bohyun Kim,Aphrodite Bodycomb, Everly Brown, and
Thom Pinho, University of Maryland, Baltimore – Human Services and Health Sciences
Library, July 2014, http://archive.hshsl.umaryland.edu/handle/10713/4634 [PDF].
• “Making a Makerspace Happen: A discussion of the current practices in library
makerspaces and experimentation at University of Maryland, Baltimore” Bohyun Kim
and Everly Brown, American Library Association Annual Conference, San Francisco, CA.,
June 2015. http://www.slideshare.net/bohyunkim/making-a-makerspace-happen.
• “Preparing for the Makerspace Implementation at UMB HS/HSL” Bohyun Kim and Everly
Brown, Medical Library Association Annual Meeting, Austin,TX, May 15-20, 2015. (Poster)
Building a Makerspace: Where to Start
• Unfamiliarity with maker activities
• Assessing the community’s need
• Securing the necessary funding
Image by the
1. Equipment – Most Common Question
• A preassembled desktop FDM (fused deposition modeling) 3D printer costs from $1,000 to
• The price of a desktop 3D scanner can range from $370 to $2,800.
• Purchasing guides for 3D printers:
• “2016 Best 3D Printer Guide,” 3D Hubs,
• “The Make: 3D Printer Buyer’s Guide,” Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers,
• Tony Hoffman, “The 10 Best 3D Printers of 2016,” PC Magazine, April 11, 2016,
Before Purchasing a 3D printer,
• Purchase an extended warranty and a service plan for two to three years at least.
• An active user group
• Find out what other libraries use :
• The public group on Facebook, “Makerspaces and the Participatory Libraries”
• American Library Association/Library and InformationTechnology Association’s Maker
Technology Interest Group, formerly the 3D Printing Interest Group, listserv
AVery Basic Setup
• A one-kilogramABS or PLA filament spool -$20 to $50.
• A makerspace with one of the most inexpensive 3D printers that do not require
assembly, with some plastic filament, will require approximately $1,300 or so.
• Additional tools and resources
• a button maker,
• a DNA model,
• a molecule model,
• a Lynda.com kiosk, etc.
• Makerbot Replicator 2X is very picky. It only accepts ABS, not PLA.
• Makerbot PLA is not compatible with Afinia H480!
• A high performance PC with a special video card highly recommended for a 3D scanner
(3D Systems Sense Scanner).
2. Short-term & Long-term Planning
• Whose responsibility will the makerspace be?
• Implementation team =/= Operation team
• What additional work will be required once the makerspace is up and running?
• Space design
• What kind of staff training and staff expertise will be necessary?
• Come up with a plan to familiarize your staff with the new equipment, new services, and
new work flow.
• Encourage the staff to play with the new stuff!
• Two different levels of training at UMB HS/HSL – orienters vs. ref desk staff
Image from Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/jaymelnick/13482340923
4. Service Goals
• What kind of services will you offer for library patrons?
• How will you deliver them?
• Determine appropriate staffing accordingly.
Pricing Scheme - Lessons Learned
• Think about pricing way in advance.
• No staff wants to measure the 3D printed object for cost.
• Users want a simple pricing schema.
• $3 for the 1st hour of 3D printing time and $1 per hr. after is reasonable to users. (No
complaint received; No charge for a failed print.)
• Determine and implement the payment process and the staff workflow early.
• How will users interact with the makerspace?
• Once the user comes in, what would be each part of the process until the user leaves
• What will guide the staff through the process?
• Services and costs
• User responsibility
• What is not permitted
• Safety precautions
• User agreement form
• How much does it cost to create a makerspace?
• What tools and equipment should we buy?
• How much of and what kind of space is needed?
• How are we going to support the makerspace equipment?
• How will the new
makerspace become a
valuable asset to your
• What kind of services and
programs will realize that
Image by the
Questions to Ask First
• What kind of activities do you want to see happening in your makerspace?
• How are those activities related to the library’s missions and goals?
• Weighing the risks against potential benefits
• The sheer volume of comprehensive
• Logistics including staff training and daily
• Being an early adopter in the institution
• Building a community
• Continuing investment
• Clear interests from library patrons
• Use cases may not be something you
• Need to teach / educate users about
new technologies such as 3d printing,
3d modeling, 3d scanning, etc.
• It takes time to build a community.
• Promotion, promotion, promotion!
Image by the
Image from Flickr - https://www.flickr.com/photos/56218409@N03/1537126
Slides are at http://www.slideshare.net/bohyunkim/