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Building a Makerspace: Where to Start


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A webinar given on June 15, 2016 for the National Network of Libraries of Medicine Southeast Atlantic Region – "Beyond the SEA" Webinar Series.

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Building a Makerspace: Where to Start

  1. 1. BUILDING A MAKERSPACE : WHERETO START Bohyun Kim |Twitter: @bohyunkim Associate Director for Library Applications and Knowledge Systems Health Sciences and Human Services Library University of Maryland, Baltimore National Network of Libraries of Medicine – BeyondThe SEAWebinar Series June 15, 2016.
  2. 2. Today’s topics – A makerspace • Planning steps • Challenges • Lessons learned Stanford Bunny - Image from Wikipedia at nny.png.
  3. 3. What Is a Makerspace, a Fab Lab, a Hackerspace, and a Co-working space? Image from Flickr:
  4. 4. Why Care about the Maker Movement? • Production for individuals • Rapid prototyping • Innovation • Collaboration • Community • Making vs. Consuming • A serious economic, technological, and city-development force
  5. 5. articles/20160615-in- a-worlds-first- doctors-successfully- resect-5-vertebrae- with-a-19cm-3d- printed-spinal- implant.html
  6. 6. teeth-fight-bacteria-180957030/?no-ist
  7. 7. The Maker Movement’s Impact on Health Sciences and Beyond • The Maker Movement and the 3D printing technology are making a significant impact on both health sciences research and beyond. • They catalyze innovation and promote entrepreneurship by emphasizing ‘making’ over ‘consuming’ and facilitating experiential learning and rapid prototyping. • Applications to health sciences by discipline :
  8. 8. 90550/the-arc-neck-and-back-tension- relief-creates-perfe/description
  9. 9.
  10. 10. A Mini Maker Faire at a Hospital hospital-mini-maker-faire/
  11. 11. news/2015/09/nations-first-medical-makerspace- opens.html
  12. 12. Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore - HS/HSL Innovation Space : LaunchedApr. 2015; Expanded in Nov. 2015
  13. 13. Offerings @ the HS/HSL Innovation Space • Tools / equipment and multiple learning resources related to hands-on learning • LibGuide on 3D printing: • LibGuide on 3D modeling: • Orientations and workshops to spread the knowledge of 3D modeling/printing/scanning technology more widely on the campus. • Promotes and facilitates active collaboration, experimentation, innovation, and entrepreneurial pursuits among students, researchers, and faculty across different disciplines and academic units.
  14. 14. Activities @ the HS/HSL Innovation Space • Buttons for student conferences • Anatomical models – pelvis, skull, scapular- • CAT scan imaging data into stackable three- dimensional slabs • Replace a broken part in research lab equipment • Scaffolds to grow stem cells • Build and donate free 3D-printed hands and arms for those in need - • Hobbyist projects Image by the author
  15. 15. https://biblio.uottawa. ca/en/news/health- sciences-library- supports-burgeoning- makerhealth- community-free-3- printing-service
  16. 16. Timeline @ HS/HSL Innovation Space • Apr. 2014:Task Force convened • July 31, 2014:White paper submitted • Presented to the library administration and librarians. • The white paper by theTask Force was received favorably. • The library staff was enthusiastic about having a makerspace at the HS/HSL. • Equipment purchase approved and ordered. • Nov. 2014: Equipment arrived in the library! • Nov. 2014:Getting used to 3D printing and 3D modeling • Dec. 2014: Jan. 2015 – Staff training • Feb. – Mar. 2015:All the things implementation! Location, Space preparation, Policy, Staff workflow, Web development, Signage, LibGuide, LibCal, Orientation design and orienter training, Pricing scheme, Promotion, Naming contest, and more. • Apr. 21, 2015:The Innovation Space launch
  17. 17. Some More info about the HS/HSL Innovation Space Planning and Implementation • “MakerspaceTask Force Report.” Bohyun Kim,Aphrodite Bodycomb, Everly Brown, and Thom Pinho, University of Maryland, Baltimore – Human Services and Health Sciences Library, July 2014, [PDF]. • “Making a Makerspace Happen: A discussion of the current practices in library makerspaces and experimentation at University of Maryland, Baltimore” Bohyun Kim and Everly Brown, American Library Association Annual Conference, San Francisco, CA., June 2015. • “Preparing for the Makerspace Implementation at UMB HS/HSL” Bohyun Kim and Everly Brown, Medical Library Association Annual Meeting, Austin,TX, May 15-20, 2015. (Poster)
  18. 18. Building a Makerspace: Where to Start
  19. 19. Challenges • Unfamiliarity with maker activities • Assessing the community’s need • Securing the necessary funding Image by the author
  20. 20. 1. Equipment – Most Common Question • A preassembled desktop FDM (fused deposition modeling) 3D printer costs from $1,000 to $2,500. • The price of a desktop 3D scanner can range from $370 to $2,800. • Purchasing guides for 3D printers: • “2016 Best 3D Printer Guide,” 3D Hubs, • “The Make: 3D Printer Buyer’s Guide,” Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers, • Tony Hoffman, “The 10 Best 3D Printers of 2016,” PC Magazine, April 11, 2016,,2817,2470038,00.asp.
  21. 21. Before Purchasing a 3D printer, • Purchase an extended warranty and a service plan for two to three years at least. • An active user group • Find out what other libraries use : • The public group on Facebook, “Makerspaces and the Participatory Libraries” • American Library Association/Library and InformationTechnology Association’s Maker Technology Interest Group, formerly the 3D Printing Interest Group, listserv
  22. 22. AVery Basic Setup • A one-kilogramABS or PLA filament spool -$20 to $50. • A makerspace with one of the most inexpensive 3D printers that do not require assembly, with some plastic filament, will require approximately $1,300 or so. • Additional tools and resources • a button maker, • a DNA model, • a molecule model, • a kiosk, etc.
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  24. 24. Lessons Learned • Makerbot Replicator 2X is very picky. It only accepts ABS, not PLA. • Makerbot PLA is not compatible with Afinia H480! • A high performance PC with a special video card highly recommended for a 3D scanner (3D Systems Sense Scanner).
  25. 25. 2. Short-term & Long-term Planning • Whose responsibility will the makerspace be? • Implementation team =/= Operation team • What additional work will be required once the makerspace is up and running? • Space design
  26. 26. 3. StaffTraining • What kind of staff training and staff expertise will be necessary? • Come up with a plan to familiarize your staff with the new equipment, new services, and new work flow. • Encourage the staff to play with the new stuff! • Two different levels of training at UMB HS/HSL – orienters vs. ref desk staff
  27. 27. Image from Flickr:
  28. 28. 4. Service Goals • What kind of services will you offer for library patrons? • How will you deliver them? • Determine appropriate staffing accordingly.
  29. 29. Image by the author
  30. 30. 5. Fees • Will you charge fees? • If so, how will you calculate the appropriate amount? Image by the author
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Pricing Scheme - Lessons Learned • Think about pricing way in advance. • No staff wants to measure the 3D printed object for cost. • Users want a simple pricing schema. • $3 for the 1st hour of 3D printing time and $1 per hr. after is reasonable to users. (No complaint received; No charge for a failed print.) • Determine and implement the payment process and the staff workflow early.
  33. 33. 6. StaffWorkflow • How will users interact with the makerspace? • Once the user comes in, what would be each part of the process until the user leaves satisfied? • What will guide the staff through the process?
  34. 34. 7. Policy • Hours • Location • Equipment • Services and costs • User responsibility • What is not permitted • Safety precautions • User agreement form
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Common Questions • How much does it cost to create a makerspace? • What tools and equipment should we buy? • How much of and what kind of space is needed? • How are we going to support the makerspace equipment?
  37. 37. 8. Community • How will the new makerspace become a valuable asset to your patrons? • What kind of services and programs will realize that vision? Image by the author
  38. 38. Education
  39. 39. Community -Building http://us5.campaign - /?u=8d6a2c0e62ab 4cc63311ab6cd&id =7b7755271d
  40. 40. Questions to Ask First • What kind of activities do you want to see happening in your makerspace? • How are those activities related to the library’s missions and goals?
  41. 41. Challenges • Weighing the risks against potential benefits • The sheer volume of comprehensive planning • Logistics including staff training and daily operation • Being an early adopter in the institution • Building a community • Continuing investment
  42. 42. LESSONS LEARNED • Clear interests from library patrons • Use cases may not be something you expected. • Need to teach / educate users about new technologies such as 3d printing, 3d modeling, 3d scanning, etc. • It takes time to build a community. • Promotion, promotion, promotion! Image by the author
  43. 43. Questions? Image from Flickr - Slides are at