Types of Concept Maps


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There are 4 types of concept maps: Spiderman, Hierarchical/Chronological, Flow Chart, and System Maps. Let's compare and contrast them, looking at the advantages of each.

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Types of Concept Maps

  1. 1. Types of concept maps: Spider map – Central concept VonRecklinghausen Syndrome Risk Factors Patho Diagnostics Neuro Cardiac Pulmonary GI GU Integument Psycho- social MS
  2. 2. Advantages of Spider Map • Easy to configure. • All data is organized around a unified theme (diagnosis). • Easy to read.
  3. 3. Disadvantages of Spider Map • Difficult to show relationships without making the map very messy and hard to read. • Doesn’t allow for integration of all data and the relationships among data.
  4. 4. • Hierarchical/Chronological MI – CPK, EKG, pain, cardiac assess Risk Factors Patho Diagnostics Neuro GI GU Pulmonary Integument MS PS
  5. 5. Advantages to Hierarchical or Chronological Maps • Follow a definite pattern. • Most general data is located at the top and moves to the most specific. • Easy to read.
  6. 6. Disadvantages to Hierarchical or Chronological Maps • Shows no interrelationship between data. • Does not allow for critical thinking and thus limited problem solving.
  7. 7. • Flow chart – linear fashion Risk Factors Patho Diagnostics System Assessment -Neuro -Cardiac -Pulmonary -GI -GU -Integument -MS -PS Medical Diagnosis
  8. 8. Advantages of Flow Chart • Easy to read. • Information is organized in a logical, ordered fashion.
  9. 9. Disadvantages of Flow Chart • Very minimal data noted on concept map. • Lack of critical thinking and clinical reasoning skills used. • Usually very incomplete.
  10. 10. • Systems map – inputs/outputs • Smoking Chronic HTNLisinopril 5mg qd Family Hx CAD • Isosorbide MN 30mg qd • Decreased HDL Lipitor 10mg qd Decreased elasticity of vessels ?altered genes • Increased catecholamines Vasoconstriction  Nitrostat 0.4mg prn • Increased platelet adhesiveness Tearing effects on arteries • Accelerated atherosclerosis • Plavix 75 mg qd Coronary Artery Disease Hx stent placement, EF 64% • Reports no pain Reocclusion of RCA CK-MB = 2.9 HR 58, NSR, BP 141/68, S1, S2 • Full ROM Fentanyl 50mcg prn Trop. = <0.04 Radial, DP, PT pulses 2+ bilat. • Bedrest Versed 1 mg prn PTCA with brachytherapy Cap. Refill < 2sec, no JVD • for RCA 95% occlusion • Resp. unlabored, Clear bilat. O2 @ 2L/NC • SpO2 = 96%, RR = 18 Skin pink, intact, no bleeding or facial grimace/hand grasps = bilat. • hematoma @ left femoral site, PERRL, MAEW, AAO X 3, wife @ • BS X 4 quads, no N/V, ice chips only left radial IV site without redness, bedside • UO 200cc clear yellow by foley swelling or drainage, no edema • BUN/Cr = 39/1.0, Na/K = 138/4.4 H/H = 45/13.2 Potential for CABG due to re-occlusion • • Knowledge deficit r/t chronic cardiac condition  Pt will verbalize understanding of 3 preventative measures by discharge. • Educate on importance of regular exercise and low fat diet. • Educate on purposes and actions of meds. • Demonstrate to patient how to monitor B/P at home.
  11. 11. Advantages of Systems Map • Very complete. • Includes all data on the map and shows many relationships between the data. • Uses critical thinking skills along with problem solving skills. • Links theory and practice very well.
  12. 12. Disadvantages of Systems Map • With critical clients map can get very involved and sometimes difficult to read due to the number of relationships noted. • Takes more time to complete.